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Québec - Modifications réglementaires au Code de sécurité pour les travaux de construction
Le 3 juillet dernier, des changements réglementaires ont été apportés au Code de sécurité pour les travaux de la construction (CSTC). Ces changements impacteront prochainement le cours Santé et sécurité générale sur les chantiers de construction (SSGCC). Source: https://www.asp-construction.org/component/content/article?id=135
La transition énergétique et la main-d’oeuvre québécoise
Promouvoir des transformations durables sur le plan écologique et social dans les secteurs du transport, du bâtiment et de l'énergie Ce document de travail vise à anticiper les impacts de la transition énergétique envisagée sur la main-d'oeuvre et les entreprises du Québec à l'horizon 2030 dans le but de promouvoir des transformations durables du marché du travail sur le plan écologique et social. Il est organisé autour de quatre questions structurantes, soit : - Quelles formes prennent les transformations...
Exoskeletons in Construction
Will they reduce or create hazards? Wearable exoskeleton devices can reduce some of the mechanical stress of manual labor. These wearable machines can be powered by electricity or by human motion, and they can be as large as a space suit or as small as a glove. They are used to amplify or transform worker movements, improve biomechanics and efficiency, and are increasingly prevalent in the public and private sectors. NIOSH published its first blog on this topic in 2016. As these devices are deployed more widely in the workplace, sound research is required to assess potential dangers and benefits...
Oeuvrer ensemble pour promouvoir un milieu de travail sûr et salubre
La Commission d'experts pour l'application des conventions et recommandations publie une étude d'ensemble sur les instruments de sécurité et de santé au travail relatifs au cadre promotionnel, à la construction, aux mines et à l'agriculture. Après un aperçu du contexte historique et des objectifs des instruments sélectionnés (chapitre I), la présente étude passe en revue les politiques, systèmes et programmes nationaux de SST et met en évidence l'importance capitale des données...
Manutention sécuritaire des dispositfs de signalisation lors de travaux routiers
Ce guide se veut un outil d'information pour les employeurs, les maîtres d’œuvre et les travailleurs, concernant les méthodes sécuritaires pour procéder à l'installation et à l'enlèvement des dispositifs de signalisation des travaux routiers. Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-1585.aspx
The effectiveness of HSE’s regulatory approach: The construction example
This project has examined the effectiveness HSE’s approach to regulation of the construction sector since 2001. HSE provided a catalyst for change – utilising its unique information on the industry and expertise in understanding reasonably practicable control to support risk creators in their control of these risks. HSE worked through the supply chain by engaging and acting in partnership with those able to bring about widespread change - such as company directors, or strategic bodies focused on particular interest groups r sectors. New broader intervention approaches were designed...
Les travailleurs du BTP à l'épreuve du dumping social
Le dernier numéro de HesaMag contient un dossier spécial intitulé: "Les travailleurs du BTP à l'épreuve du dumping social". Au cours de la dernière décennie, la concurrence n'a cessé de croître entre les travailleurs européens du secteur de la construction. La libre circulation des travailleurs dans une Europe élargie vers l'est a déclenché une spirale à la baisse des salaires et la détérioration des conditions de travail et de sécurité. L'Union...
A universal rig for supporting large hammer drills: Reduced injury risk and improved productivity
Drilling holes into concrete with heavy hammer and rock drills is one of the most physically demanding tasks performed in commercial construction and poses risks for musculoskeletal disorders, noise induced hearing loss, hand arm vibration syndrome and silicosis. The aim of this study was to (1) use a participatory process to develop a rig to support pneumatic rock drills or large electric hammer drills in order to reduce the health risks and (2) evaluate the usability of the rig. Seven prototype rigs for supporting large hammer drills were developed and modified with feedback from commercial contractors...
Délimitation d'un chantier de construction et identification du maître d'oeuvre
Les principales questions concernant la délimitation d'un chantier de construction et l'identification du maître d'œuvre trouvent réponse dans cette brochure. Il permet aux intervenants du secteur de la construction d'identifier plus rapidement celui qui sera responsable d'assurer la santé, la sécurité et l'intégrité physique des travailleurs sur le chantier. Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/200/Pages/DC_200_16155.aspx
Disparity between construction safety standards
A global analysis Construction workers are often exposed to the inherent risks associated with working conditions on construction sites. Safety standards of various countries prescribe a variety of mechanical safeguards and procedures to ensure that work is performed safely, but it is evident from the available statistical data on construction safety standards that there is no globally-standardized system of regulations nor is there a common definition for the computation of injury/fatality rates. The components that form these statistics vary from country to country in many aspects, including...
Accidents in masonry construction: The contribution of production activities to accidents, and the effect on different worker groups
Masonry is a construction trade with high risk of work-related injuries. This study analyzes 141 recordable incidents that occurred over a period of 3 years in a large masonry company. The incidents were analyzed from three perspectives: First, they were analyzed with respect to the nature of events (falls, overexertion, etc.). Second, the analysis examined the production activity that the injured worker was performing. Third, the incidents were analyzed according to the injured workers' position in the crew – that is, foreman, masons, laborers, and forklift operator. The findings first...
Poor standards of health and safety in the demolition and dismantling of lifts
HSE is concerned about the poor management of risks involved in the dismantling or demolition of lifts in buildings due for refurbishment or demolition. Recent accident investigations, including fatalities, have suggested that poor work practices are commonplace during this activity. This document reminds those undertaking or controlling such work of the need to fully assess and manage the risks arising. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/safetybulletins/demolition-dismantling-lifts.htm?eban=govdel-equipment-at-work&cr=28-Jun-2013
Simple Solutions for Home Building Workers
Home building is physically demanding work and manual material handling may be the most difficult part of the job. Manual material handling includes all of the tasks that require you to lift, lower, push, pull, hold or carry materials. These activities increase the risk of painful strains and sprains and more serious soft tissue injuries. Soft tissues of the body include muscles, tendons, ligaments, discs, cartilage and nerves. Soft tissue injuries cause workers pain, suffering and lost income. They can also restrict non-work activity, like sports and hobbies. Builders' and employers' costs...
Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building
This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other hazards are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations...
Occupational safety and health issues associated with green buildings : E-fact 70
This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other risks are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations or combinations associated with green buildings and therefore demand particular consideration. Source : https...
Mobile elevated work platform (MEWP) incident analysis - RR961
Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWPs) are commonly used across all industrial sectors by a whole variety of trades, including mechanical and electrical contractors, and painters and decorators, as a safe, temporary method of working at height. There is a large range of MEWPs on the market and their controls and functionality varies depending on the category, manufacturer, model and size of machine. As their popularity and range of applications has grown, concerns have emerged about trapping/crushing accidents involving MEWPs. This report identifies accidents involving MEWPs and analyses common...
L’Europe se penche sur la santé et la sécurité des nouveaux métiers verts
Les préoccupations environnementales ont généré une croissance rapide des emplois « verts », mais une évaluation insuffisante des risques posés par ces nouvelles technologies et processus pour la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs. Avec le projet Prévoyance, l'Agence Européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-OSHA) a pour objectif d'identifier les risques nouveaux et émergents de l'économie verte. En effet, les emplois verts sont susceptibles d'engendrer...
Exposition des travailleurs de la construction à la silice cristalline – Exploitation d’une banque de données tirée de la littérature
Il n'y a pas que dans les mines où les travailleurs peuvent être exposés à la poussière de silice. Plusieurs études ont démontré des niveaux d'exposition élevés dans le secteur de la construction où l'on retrouve plusieurs matériaux contenant de la silice, tels que le béton, le ciment, et le mortier. Les chercheurs veulent donc dresser un portrait détaillé de l'exposition à la silice en exploitant une banque récemment créée dans le cadre d'un projet...
Control of exposure to silica dust : A guide for employees
This leaflet explains what employers and employees should do to prevent lung disease caused by exposure to silica at work. Silica is a natural substance found in most rocks, sand and clay and in products such as bricks and concrete. In the workplace these materials create dust when they are cut, sanded, carved etc. Some of this dust may be fine enough to breathe deeply into the lungs and cause harm to health. The fine dust is called respirable crystalline silica (RCS) and is too fine to see with normal lighting. The leaflet explains how RCS can damage health and what to do to prevent harm. Source...
Analysis of the safety conditions of scaffolding on construction sites
This paper presents the results of a study whose aim was to analyse the safety conditions of supported scaffolds (i.e., ground supported scaffolding). In 2007 the authors examined the scaffolding erected on 105 building sites in Spain. The study provides a qualitative assessment of the safety conditions of bracings, anchor ties, toe-boards, guardrails, ladders, struts, long beams, cross beams, platforms, supports, etc. In the European Union there are no legal requirements for the manufacturers of supported scaffolds, but there are some regulations on the use of this type of scaffolding on construction...
Decompression sickness and tunnel workers
Underwater construction and tunnel operations use compressed air to stabilize soil and keep out water. In these conditions, workers are at risk of decompression sickness (DCS). DCS can be treated or prevented using a decompression chamber guided by decompression tables. The tables direct the time and pressure intervals needed to ensure workers are brought back to surface pressure safely. This webpage provides information about decompression sickness and the NIOSH decompression tables. These tables are accessible for use by workers, employers, and safety and health professionals. Source : http:...
Dangers of Bathtub Refinishing
At least 14 workers have died since 2000 as a result of using stripping agents containing methylene chloride during bathtub refinishing. Many stripping products (including those that may also be available to consumers) contain high percentages of methylene chloride. Methylene chloride is extremely dangerous when not used properly. Alternative products and processes exist for bathtub refinishing. Products containing methylene chloride should be avoided when possible. Earlier this week NIOSH and OSHA released a joint Hazard Alert titled Methylene Chloride Hazards for Bathtub Refinishers http://www...
Are green building features safe for preventive maintenance workers? Examining the evidence
Keywords:green buildings;job hazard analysis;leadership in energy and environmental design;occupational safety and health;preventive maintenance workers;United States Green Building Council Background Many newly constructed green buildings (GB) are certified using the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system for new construction and major renovation which focuses on architectural and mechanical design to conserve energy, reduce environmental harm, and enhance indoor quality for occupants. This study evaluated the preventive...
Prévention des risques de chutes de hauteur
Face aux situations dangereuses posées par le travail en hauteur, une démarche de prévention adaptée s'impose. Cette nouvelle brochure réalisée conjointement par l'INRS et l'OPPBTP (référence ED 6110) fait le point sur cette problématique. Son objectif : aider les entreprises à faire leur choix parmi les équipements de protection disponibles. Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/brochure-risque-chute-hauteur.html
Approved Code of Practice for Load-Lifting Rigging
This Approved Code of Practice (the Code) has been prepared by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment in conjunction with representatives of the industries and stakeholders concerned. Its purpose is to support the requirements of the Health and Safety in Employment Regulations 1995 in relation to load-lifting rigging activities. It contains a number of diagrams and tables that are essential for safe load-lifting rigging work and chain/strop maintenance. The Code provides recommendations and procedures for safe practice while carrying out lifting and rigging work in industry. In an...
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