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How Can Workers' Compensation Systems Promote Occupational Safety and Health?
Stakeholder Views on Policy and Research Priorities Stakeholders involved in workers' compensation systems have long voiced concerns about the extent to which workers' compensation serves to promote occupational safety and health (OSH) and the well-being of injured workers. However, it is not clear how much consensus there is about the specific challenges to OSH and worker well-being in the workers' compensation system or how to address those challenges. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requested that RAND explore the beliefs and priorities of key workers'...
Bibliography of Communication and Research Products 2017
In 2017, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and its partners in the public and private sectors met a myriad of occupational safety and health challenges. These ranged from natural disasters to a changing, increasingly technological, often gig-based, workplace. Many insightful communication and research products showcased NIOSH efforts to make workplaces safer and healthier. In keeping with the NIOSH tradition of translating critical lessons learned into actionable communication and research products, 2017 ended with an extensive compendium of products promoting occupational...
NIOSH Strategic Plan: FYs 2019-2023
The NIOSH Strategic Plan reports the Institute’s research and service goals for fiscal years 2019-2023. These goals address a broad range of occupational health and safety hazards, affecting an ever-changing workforce. Jobs in the U.S. economy continue to shift from manufacturing to services. Longer hours, compressed workweeks, an aging workforce, reduced job security, and part-time and temporary work have also changed the workforce. These changes represent a major challenge for NIOSH as it manages limited resources to address its research priorities. Source:
Understanding the Economic Benefit Associated with Research and Services at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
An Approach and Three Case Studies The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the RAND Corporation to develop an approach, reported here, for estimating the economic benefit of NIOSH research, using three case studies. The cases provide concrete illustrations of the ways in which NIOSH research could affect worker health and safety practices and outcomes, as well as some initial estimates of the economic benefit associated with those impacts. The authors selected the case studies to illustrate variation in types of NIOSH research and in intended users. The first case...
NIOSH Extramural Research and Training Program
Annual Report of Fiscal Year 2016 This special issue of the annual report marks the end of the second decade of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA). It reviews how the extramural research program has contributed to improving workplace safety and health over the past 10 years. We report on how NIOSH invested in our multidisciplinary centers, investigator-initiated research projects, and cooperative research agreements. We also report on our training project grants, state surveillance programs, small business innovation research, and global health initiatives. Source: https://www.cdc...
National Occupational Research Agenda: Second Decade in Review (2006–2016)
At the end of each decade of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA), NIOSH reviews the contributions of the decade toward improving the occupational safety and health of workers and transferring new knowledge into practice. The second decade of NORA review was designed to assess the contributions across three main domains: 1. Research. 2.Sector programs. 3.Partnerships and Research to Practice (r2p). Source:
Advancing the framework for considering the effects of climate change on worker safety and health
In 2009, a preliminary framework for how climate change could affect worker safety and health was described. That framework was based on a literature search from 1988–2008 that supported seven categories of climate-related occupational hazards: (1) increased ambient temperature; (2) air pollution; (3) ultraviolet radiation exposure; (4) extreme weather; (5) vector-borne diseases and expanded habitats; (6) industrial transitions and emerging industries; and (7) changes in the built environment. This article reviews the published literature from 2008–2014 in each of the seven categories...
NIOSH Extramural Research and Training Program
Annual Report of Fiscal Year 2014 This report details the investment NIOSH made during the fiscal year to our multidisciplinary centers, investigator-initiated research projects, and cooperative research agreements. Funding is also described for our training project grants, state surveillance programs, small business innovation research, and global health initiatives. This report does not include data on the grants program associated with the World Trade Center Health Program. Source:
New Climate Change and Health Document includes Effects on Workers
The potential health effects of climate change on workers is now available in a new report just released by the U.S. Global Change Research Program. The report, U.S. Global Change Research Program Climate and Health Assessment provides a comprehensive overview of the potential health effects of climate change across the US. Included in the report is a section on populations of concern, including outdoor workers and workers who may be exposed to other extreme weather environments. Worker health issues are also included in other sections of the report as part of broader discussions regarding the...
Protecting Workers from Ebola: Eight Knowledge Generation Priorities
On November 3, the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council of the National Academies convened a workshop of distinguished representatives from the public and private sectors. The participants were asked to suggest priorities for research that will “provide public health officials, healthcare providers, and the general public with the most up-to-date information about transmission, health risks, and measures that should be taken to prevent spread of [Ebola virus disease] in the U.S.” NIOSH was pleased to contribute to this dialogue, specifically by addressing issues critical...
Promising the Best Practices in Total Worker Health (TM)
Workshop Summary Combined with the more traditional employer occupational safety and health protection activities are newer employment-based programs to promote better health through helping workers quit smoking, lose weight, reduce stress, or exercise more regularly. In support of these efforts, some employers have made changes in their policies and facilities to support physical activity and healthier eating, and some employers connect with community resources for health education, health fairs, and other services. From company to company, the interest in, resources for, and ability to do more...
Climate Change and Occupational Safety and Health
Weather and climate patterns are changing, causing increasingly frequent and severe heat waves, drought, flooding, and extreme weather events, as well as a rise in sea levels, a report released in May by the U.S. Global Change Research Program concluded (National Climate AssessmentExternal Web Site Icon). Global climate change has become one of the most visible environmental concerns of the 21st century and these changes have the potential to affect human health both directly and indirectly. Today, the United Nations is hosting Climate Summit 2014 to bring together world leaders at the highest...
The State of the National Initiative on Prevention through Design
The national initiative on Prevention through Design (PtD), was launched in 2007 with the goal of designing out occupational hazards to protect workers. PtD encompasses all of the efforts to anticipate and design out hazards to workers in facilities, work methods and operations, processes, equipment, tools, products, new technologies, and the organization of work [Schulte et al. 2008]. Too often, workers (including those who perform maintenance tasks) have not been considered in the design process. The focus of PtD is on workers who execute the designs or have to work with the products of the design...
NIOSH Extramural Research and Training Program
Annual Report of Fiscal Year 2012 This report contains a description of the NIOSH extramural research and training programs that were active during FY2012 and information on the structure and function of the OEP. A review and summary of funding by program area and grant mechanism is presented with comparison data over the preceding 5 fiscal years. Activities of the extramural portfolio are described for each of the NIOSH multidisciplinary research centers, investigator-initiated research projects, and cooperative research agreements. Funding and activities are also provided for training project...
NIOSH Announces a New Center for Workers' Compensation Studies
In 2013, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Center for Workers’ Compensation Studies (CWCS) was created to organize workers’ compensation data that are already being analyzed by NIOSH researchers in existing programs, such as the Economics Program, Surveillance Program, and the Center for Motor Vehicle Safety. The mission of the CWCS is to use workers’ compensation data to prevent and reduce the severity of workplace injuries and illnesses. Source :
Infographic: OSHA’s Role in Reducing Occupational Injuries, Fatalities
A new infographic from Graphic Products reveals how OSHA has helped reduce occupational injuries and deaths in the United States by more than 60 percent in the last 4 decades. Source :
The Research Compendium: The NIOSH Total Worker Health Program
Seminal Research Papers 2012 In this paper, we review the scientific evidence for coordinating and integrating worksite health promotion and occupational health and safety as a means of enhancing the effectiveness of efforts to promote and protect worker health. The overall aim of this paper is to introduce the parameters for a research agenda aimed at improving worker health through such integrated and coordinated efforts. Source :
Reexamining workers' compensation
A human rights perspective Injured workers, particularly those with more severe injuries, have long experienced workers' compensation systems as stressful and demeaning, have found it difficult to obtain benefits, and, when able to obtain benefits, have found them inadequate. Moreover, the last two decades have seen a substantial erosion of the protections offered by workers' compensation. State after state has erected additional barriers to benefit receipt, making the workers' compensation experience even more difficult and degrading. These changes have been facilitated by a framing...
NIOSH Bibliography of Communication and Research Products 2011
This document presents a bibliography of NIOSH communication and research products for the year 2010. Product types include journal articles, book chapters, numbered publications, abstracts/proceedings, control technology reports, fatality assessment and control evaluation reports, fire fighter fatality investigation and prevention reports, an author index, a keyword Index, and the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Index. Source :
Building a human rights framework for workers' compensation in the United States
Opening the debate on first principles BACKGROUND: This article introduces the idea of human rights to the topic of workers' compensation in the United States. It discusses what constitutes a human rights approach and explains how this approach conflicts with those policy ideas that have provided the foundation historically for workers' compensation in the United States. METHODS: Using legal and historical research, key international labor and human rights standards on employment injury benefits and influential writings in the development of the U.S. workers' compensation system are...
Responder Safety in the Face of Disaster: Lessons Learned from the BP Oil Spill
A paper published in the July issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine examines NIOSH's role in protecting first responders following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill in an effort to improve health monitoring and surveillance for workers responding to disasters. The article, “Protecting Workers in Large-Scale Emergency Responses: NIOSH Experience in the Deepwater Horizon Response,” describes NIOSH's activities following the disaster, including its cooperative efforts with the Unified Area Command, OSHA and other federal, state and local...
Liberty Mutual Research Institute Annual Report of Scientific Activity 2010
The 2010 Annual Report of Scientific Activity is a 48-page report that showcases the Liberty Mutual Research Institute’s research programs. It includes updates of the Institute's studies in injury epidemiology, physical ergonomics, behavioral sciences, and disability and return to work. Read about the Institute findings on slips and falls among restaurant workers, balance control and risk perception on step ladders, impact of safety climate on remote and lone mobile workers, and early interventions for patients with low back pain, and more. The report also includes a list of the Research...
Occupational Cancer and the NIOSH Carcinogen Policy: Guest Column by Paul Schulte...NIOSH Education and Information Division
"In the 21st century, occupational cancer is still a significant cause of morbidity, mortality, and societal burden. While the number of current workers at risk of occupational cancer is not known precisely, the number of workers exposed to OSHA regulated carcinogens is still in the millions and the size of the population with past exposure is in the tens of millions. Estimates of the fraction of cancers attributable to occupation vary. Source : NIOSH eNews, Volume 8 Number 12 April 2011 :
Lessons learned: solutions for workplace safety and health
"Every day in the United States, 14 workers die on the job and millions of workers are seriously injured or sickened by doing their work. The harms to workers, the costs to our healthcare system, and the damages to communities are immense. Yet many of these injuries and deaths could have been prevented by applying the lessons learned from our country's history of workplace health and safety. It is a history rich in powerful examples of regulations failing to protect workers as well as policies and practices that enable workers to be healthy and safe. These lessons can be used to create...
How Will Federal Budget Uncertainties Affect OSHA?
Congress has approved a 2-week extension to the FY 2011 continuing resolution to fund the government through March 18. The measure cuts $4 billion in federal spending and temporarily prevents a government shutdown, but the final 2011 budget – and its impact on agencies like OSHA – remains uncertain. Source :
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