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Analysis of the relationship between the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 and business performance in different organizational contexts
This paper investigates how the characteristics of operational processes—systematic and project-based—affect the impact of adopting the safety management systems on different performance metrics. The proposed approach allows the development of a framework which matches safety problems and risks encompassed by organizational tasks with solutions generated by new safety knowledge linked to the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 standard. Our analysis of the effect over work accidents, as well as operational and economic performance of implementing the OHSAS 18001 in Spanish manufacturing, construction...
Financial Incentives of Experience Rating in Workers' Compensation: New Evidence From a Program Change in Ontario, Canada
Objective : To investigate the incentive for primary and secondary prevention associated with experience rating in a retrospective workers' compensation program. Methods : Panel data on 21,558 firms from 1998 to 2007 were used to estimate the relationship between the degree of experience rating and seven measures of workplace occupational health and safety outcomes. We focused on the impact of a policy change in 2004 in which the degree of experience rating was substantially increased for all firms. Results: The 2004 increase in experience rating was associated with a reduction in the total...
The role of the judiciary in occupational health and safety prosecutions: institutional processes and the production of deterrence
Drawing on interviews with judicial officers in two Australian states, this article examines the role of judges in sentencing occupational health and safety offenders. Specifically, it focuses on the deterrent impact of occupational health and safety prosecutions, including judges' understanding of deterrence and the judicial role in deterring serious breaches of occupational health and safety legislation. Judges thought that occupational health and safety prosecutions had some deterrent impact on prosecuted offenders, but were sceptical as to whether prosecutions led to lasting improvements...

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