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A review of risk factors of accidental slips, trips, and falls among firefighters
This review covers the incidence and financial cost of slips, trips and falls among firefighters. The physical factors that may be related to slip, trip, or fall-related accidents are summarized by their intrinsic (balance, age, experience, muscular strength and fitness, body mass, fatigue) and extrinsic (equipment, reduced vision, surface condition, heat) nature. Much of the evidence relating risk factors to accidental falls in the fire service is weak or anecdotal. There is a need to reduce occupational risk factors leading to slips, trips, and physical injury during firefighting operations given...
Hydraulic injection injury
Hydraulic injection can be defined as the puncturing of the epidermis by a jet of a fluid under pressure. Hydraulic injection injury is the term used to describe an injury sustained by an individual following an injection of fluid, usually while operating or inspecting pressurised hydraulic equipment. While reported instances of injury through hydraulic injection are comparatively uncommon in the UK, the risk of injury through hydraulic injection is common to all hydraulic equipment irrespective of the system volume and can occur at relatively low pressures. This report and the experimental work...
Accidents in masonry construction: The contribution of production activities to accidents, and the effect on different worker groups
Masonry is a construction trade with high risk of work-related injuries. This study analyzes 141 recordable incidents that occurred over a period of 3 years in a large masonry company. The incidents were analyzed from three perspectives: First, they were analyzed with respect to the nature of events (falls, overexertion, etc.). Second, the analysis examined the production activity that the injured worker was performing. Third, the incidents were analyzed according to the injured workers' position in the crew – that is, foreman, masons, laborers, and forklift operator. The findings first...
The Role of Taxicab Security Equipment in Preventing Driver Homicides Examined in New Study
A new study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examines the effectiveness of specific safety equipment in reducing murder rates among taxi cab drivers, who face a high risk of being the victim of workplace homicide. While many cities and companies have made efforts to improve taxicab driver safety through the use of security equipment, such as in-vehicle cameras and partitions, the research into the effectiveness of these efforts has been limited. This study, newly published by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that the installation of in-vehicle...
Patterns in mining haul truck accidents
To help develop ergonomics audit programs for mining, one source of data on both work tasks and their failures is accident reports. These are available in most industries and are often used in human factors engineering, but typically to justify and evaluate interventions rather than to provide task details and failure mechanisms. Because fatal accidents in particular contain considerable detail resulting from thorough follow-up investigations, they are thus a useful starting point for analysis. A set of 40 detailed fatal accident reports for mining haul truck accidents were analyzed to develop...
Mining Feature: NIOSH Illumination Research Addresses Visual Performance Needs with LED Technology
Improved illumination in underground mines could be a key to reducing the second leading accident class of nonfatal lost-time injuries—slips, trips, and falls. While past research efforts have focused on such factors as cost, battery life, and miner preference, NIOSH’s latest illumination research takes a more modern approach—conducting experiments to assess human visual performance in simulated mining environments and using the experimental results to design improved illumination technologies. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/features/IlluminationFeature.html
Mobile elevated work platform (MEWP) incident analysis - RR961
Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWPs) are commonly used across all industrial sectors by a whole variety of trades, including mechanical and electrical contractors, and painters and decorators, as a safe, temporary method of working at height. There is a large range of MEWPs on the market and their controls and functionality varies depending on the category, manufacturer, model and size of machine. As their popularity and range of applications has grown, concerns have emerged about trapping/crushing accidents involving MEWPs. This report identifies accidents involving MEWPs and analyses common...
ZERO Excuses - Campaign for Hand Safety
The theatre work environment is a very hazardous place, and we continually put our hands at risk: •Stage rigging has heavy counterweights to handle, ropes to pull, and wire rope ends that may not be properly seized. •Stage Lighting Instruments can be very hot and burn you. •Moving platforms and wood can expose you to splinters. •Metal parts can have sharp edges. •Dry Ice used for atmospheric effects can super-cool your skin and kill it (ice burns). •Shop chemicals can burn the skin or accelerate the development of skin diseases / cancers. •Even non-hazardous grime...
The Cooler Solution
The dangers of the quartz halogen work light are well known: They can heat up to more than 570 degrees Fahrenheit, hot enough to ignite paper and wood. The 500W quartz halogen portable work light is everywhere, and why not? They are cheap, easily moved, and they put out a lot of light to help you work in an area. And while they come in a couple of different styles (on tripods, floor stands, or magnet mounts), at their core they are all the same: dangerous tools that harm workers, start fires, and set off explosions. In our experience working with contractors, electricians, and plant workers, we...
Performing Arts Safety Bulletin #7 Rigging Systems and Flown Scenery
Anyone who is responsible for rigging must understand the legislation before proceeding with any rigging work. Rigging is one of the most dangerous tasks in the theatre and it presents hazards for: • The operator (musculoskeletal and other bodily injuries) • The performers or crew onstage below (being crushed by falling scenery) • The audience (being crushed by falling scenery) • Other set pieces, furniture, stage floors and the rigging equipment itself Source : http://www.actsafe.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/PASB-07-Rigging-Flown-Scenery.pdf
Farm safety report released by Safe Work Australia
The Work-related injuries and fatalities on Australian farms report released by Safe Work Australia today has found one in six workers killed in Australia were working on a farm. The report monitored statistics over an eight year period until 30 June 2011. While only 3 percent of workers are employed in the agriculture sector, on average 44 farm workers are killed each year and another 17 400 suffer a work-related injury. Other key findings from the report include: • Vehicles accounted for nearly three quarters of work-related fatalities on farms. o In the eight years of the study 93 workers...
Injuries in the commercial fishing fleet of Norway 2000–2011
A working fishing vessel at sea is an elaborate collection of interacting accident potentials, barely controlled. Even the deck underfoot betrays the unwary, as can every other aspect of the normal daily grind onboard, as fishers ply their trade in weather foul and fair. All elements of the vessel at sea conspire in making this the most dangerous and difficult of all professional callings, an inexplicable calling where life and limb are continually at risk. This article is based on an examination of reported occupational injuries from the Norwegian fishing fleet from 2000 to 2011. The aim is the...
Electric shocks at work in Europe: development of a job exposure matrix
Objectives Electric shocks have been suggested as a potential risk factor for neurological disease, in particular for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. While actual exposure to shocks is difficult to measure, occurrence and variation of electric injuries could serve as an exposure proxy. We assessed risk of electric injury, using occupational accident registries across Europe to develop an electric shock job-exposure-matrix (JEM). Materials and methods Injury data were obtained from five European countries, and the number of workers per occupation and country from EUROSTAT was compiled at a 3-digit...
Are green building features safe for preventive maintenance workers? Examining the evidence
Keywords:green buildings;job hazard analysis;leadership in energy and environmental design;occupational safety and health;preventive maintenance workers;United States Green Building Council Background Many newly constructed green buildings (GB) are certified using the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system for new construction and major renovation which focuses on architectural and mechanical design to conserve energy, reduce environmental harm, and enhance indoor quality for occupants. This study evaluated the preventive...
Les risques du chercheur
Morsure d'animal, brûlure chimique, inhalation de produits nocifs… Une étude américaine publiée dans la revue Nature révèle que près de la moitié des chercheurs ont été victimes d'accident dans le cadre de leur travail en laboratoire. Il s'agit le plus souvent d'incidents bénins mais 30 % des scientifiques interrogés déclarent avoir été témoins d'un accident plus important ayant nécessité l'intervention de personnel médical. L'étude...
A fatal case of CO(2) intoxication in a fermentation tank
Carbon dioxide (CO(2) ) is an odorless constituent of air. Higher concentrations can be detected in geothermal and automotive emissions, fermentation, and sublimation of dry ice. An unskilled worker entered a fermentation tank to clean it, which had not been done for about 5 months allowing for high concentrations of CO(2) to build up. A second worker entered the tank to rescue the first one. Shortly after both were found the first worker was rescued directly whereas the tank had to be rotated to pull the second worker out. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was successful only for the first worker...
Témoignage de SERVAL sur la prévention des TMS
SERVAL est la filiale logistique d’ERDF et de GRDF. Elle est constituée de 11 Plates formes logistiques réparties sur toute la France et dont les effectifs varient de 45 à 60 agents. A l’origine de la démarche de prévention des TMS, dans un premier temps, l’alerte par un médecin du travail d’un nombre important de cas de TMS induisant des restrictions d’aptitude notamment chez les séniors et, dans un second temps les difficultés au niveau du service des ressources humaines à trouver des postes de travail...
Coordinability and consistency in accident causation and prevention
Formal system theoretic concepts for safety in multilevel systems Although a "system approach" to accidents in sociotechnical systems has been frequently advocated, formal system theoretic concepts remain absent in the literature on accident analysis and system safety. To address this gap, we introduce the notions of coordinability and consistency from the hierarchical and multilevel systems theory literature. We then investigate the applicability and the importance of these concepts to accident causation and safety...Coordinability and consistency become ingredients for accident prevention...

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