Safe Work Australia Annual Report 2017-18

The Safe Work Australia Annual Report is published to inform Parliament, ministers, governments and the community about our performance in delivering improvements to key work health and safety and workers' compensation arrangements across Australia.

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-annual-report-2017-18

Annual review of working life 2017

The annual review of developments in Working Life in Europe collates information based on reports from Eurofound’s network of European correspondents throughout 2017, complemented by recent research findings, including data from Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS).

Source: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2018/annual-review-of-working-life-2017

Stakeholder evidence to inform the development of HSE’s Health and Work Strategy

HSE’s Health and Work Strategy was launched in December 2016. It has three priorities: occupational lung disease, musculoskeletal disorders and work-related stress. To inform the development of the strategy, and the prioritisation decisions to maximise HSE’s impact on improving occupational health, a significant exercise was undertaken to review and refresh the evidence base on health and work. This review used a multistranded approach which included targeted stakeholder consultation, focussed evidence reviews of recent literature, analysis of occupational health statistics, foresight work to explore the future world of work, and gathering views of those with medical, health, scientific and regulatory expertise.
This report describes the targeted stakeholder consultation used to explore the workplace health priorities of frontline occupational health providers, workplace health and safety representatives, apprentices and young workers. A multimethod approach was used with survey data collection and the use of qualitative research. Overall, the results across all groups supported mental ill-health (predominantly stress, anxiety or depression) and musculoskeletal disorders as the most significant ill-health issues in the workplace, now, and in the future, with lung and breathing problems also a concern.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1136.htm

How Can Workers' Compensation Systems Promote Occupational Safety and Health?

Stakeholder Views on Policy and Research Priorities
Stakeholders involved in workers' compensation systems have long voiced concerns about the extent to which workers' compensation serves to promote occupational safety and health (OSH) and the well-being of injured workers. However, it is not clear how much consensus there is about the specific challenges to OSH and worker well-being in the workers' compensation system or how to address those challenges.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requested that RAND explore the beliefs and priorities of key workers' compensation stakeholder groups about system challenges and research priorities that, if addressed, would be most useful for reforming workers' compensation systems to promote OSH and the well-being of workers. To address these questions, RAND conducted a literature scan to identify published criticisms of current workers' compensation systems, focusing on the implications of workers' compensation for workers' safety, health, and economic well-being. After producing a compendium of such critical perspectives, RAND then convened a series of conversations with selected representatives from five key stakeholder groups: workers, employers, claims administrators, state agency leaders, and occupational health care providers.
The findings of this study can be organized into three groupings. First, major themes were distilled from published critiques of workers' compensation policy. Second, stakeholder perspectives on the most important system challenges were gathered. Third, policy solutions and research needs suggested by stakeholders were identified. In general, stakeholders agreed with the published critiques but placed a greater emphasis on concerns about health care delivery, return to work, and injury prevention.

Source: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2566.html

Japan Industrial Safety & Health Association (JISHA) - Annual Report 2018

JISHA annually publishes "Annual Report" describing the organization and activities of JISHA for overseas occupational safety and health organizations, stakeholders and person concerned.

Source: https://www.jisha.or.jp/international/pdf/JISHA_Annual_Report_2018.pdf

Quelles conditions de travail pour les travailleurs des plateformes numériques ?

Les plateformes numériques de services marchands font régulièrement la Une de l’actualité, en raison de la rapidité fulgurante de leur développement et des conditions de travail de leurs opérateurs. Ce dossier vise à faire le point sur les questions que ces nouveaux acteurs économiques posent au monde du travail. De quoi parle-t-on ? Quels sont les effets induits sur les conditions de travail?

Source: https://veille-travail.anact.fr/produits-documentaires/quelles-conditions-de-travail-pour-les-travailleurs-des-plateformes

Rapport sur les maladies et pathologies professionnelles dans l’industrie et les moyens à déployer pour leur élimination

L’industrie. Environ trois millions de personnes travaillent dans le secteur, malgré la destruction massive d’emplois ces dernières décennies. Parmi eux, ces ouvriers, ces invisibles dont le travail est essentiel à répondre aux besoins matériels. Ils, elles sont la catégorie la plus touchée. Bien sûr, on peut contracter des maladies professionnelles dans tous types de postes de travail, y compris ailleurs que dans l’industrie. Mais il faut bien dire que les unités de production industrielle sont des lieux où l’on est particulièrement exposé. Parce que c’est là que l’on manipule la matière, y compris la matière dangereuse, pour la transformer par des procédés parfois lourds, et parfois complexes. Parce que c’est là que les machines les plus gigantesques s’agitent, que les tonnes de marchandises s’accumulent, se stockent, transitent. Parce que c’est là un des lieux où s’exercent le plus, peut-être, les contradictions du monde, avec des restructurations, des mutations, des réorganisations. Et comment négliger les effets des évolutions des activités industrielles, qui se modifient avec l’utilisation de nouvelles techniques et de nouvelles technologies pour produire autrement, et utilisent de nouveaux modes de production et d’organisation en recourant à la
fragmentation et à l’externalisation des tâches, ou encore à l’automatisation, la robotisation et la numérisation?

Source: http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/15/rap-enq/r1181.asp

Santé au travail: vers un système simplifié pour une prévention renforcée

Rapport remis au Premier ministre, Édouard Philippe, le 28 août 2018, en présence de la ministre du Travail, Muriel Pénicaud, et de la ministre des Solidarités et de la Santé, Agnès Buzyn.
Mission confiée à Charlotte Lecocq, députée du Nord, Bruno Dupuis, consultant senior en management, Henri Forest, ancien secrétaire confédéral CFDT, avec l’appui de Hervé LANOUZIERE, Inspection générale des affaires sociales.

Source: https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport_lecocq_sante_au_travail_280818.pdf

Les technologies de surveillance: La recherche du bien-être du XXIe sièlce?

Quel est le type de technologie de surveillance qui vous a aidé à vous sentir mieux? A-t-il eu cet effet sur le long terme? S'agissait-il du logiciel qui vous forçait à prendre une pause ou du podomètre qui attirait votre attention sur le fait que vous ne bougiez pas assez? Ou était-ce l'outil de discussion professionnel grâce auquel vous pouviez garder le contact avec vos collègues? Ces technologies ne sont-elles que des gadgets ou davantage? Si elles sont davantage que des gadgets, peuvent-elles nous aider dans notre recherche du bien-être?
Le présent article vise à répondre à toutes ces questions. Nous commençons par expliquer ce que l'on entend par technologies de surveillance, bien-être et technologies de surveillance en faveur du bien-être. Ensuite, nous abordons l'invasion du lieu de travail par la surveillance électronique traditionnelle des performances professionnelles (SEP) et les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) et la comparons avec les technologies de surveillance en faveur du bien-être. À partir de cette analyse, il est possible de définir cinq grands défis qui devront disparaître ou être surmontés pour que les technologies de surveillance atteignent leur maturité. Enfin, nous clôturons cet article par une brève conclusion.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/monitoring-technology-workplace/view

Impression 3D et fabrication additive - Conséquences pour la santé et la sécurité au travail

Le présent article sur l'impression 3D a été établi à la demande de l'Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-OSHA). Ses auteurs passent en revue quelques questions essentielles concernant les possibilités et les défis liés à l'industrie émergente de l'impression 3D pour les employeurs, les travailleurs et les nouveaux entrepreneurs qui travaillent à partir de leur domicile ou dans des lieux de travail informels. L'objectif de ce document de réflexion est de présenter l'impression 3D et d'étudier son incidence possible tant sur l'environnement de travail existant que sur le nouvel environnement de travail. Enfin, il présente quelques recommandations à mettre en oeuvre à l'échelle européenne concernant les mesures qui peuvent être prises afin de garantir que l'impression 3D favorise un environnement de travail plus sûr, plus sain et plus épanouissant, tant dans le cadre des relations employeur-travailleur existantes que dans le cas des nouveaux «auto-entrepreneurs» informels.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/3d-printing-new-industrial-revolution/view

The future of the (e-)retail sector from an occupational safety and health point of view

E-retailing, which continues to grow, is a challenging sector, for example in terms of high consumer expectations and demands.
The difficult working conditions associated with the sector as a result of the high value employers place on efficiency — such as long working hours and fast picking rates — have become well known.
This article explores the safety and health implications that workers in the e-retail sector face, and considers what is being done to manage their safety and health.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/future-e-retail-sector-occupational-safety-and-health-point-view/view

"Negotiating the algorithm”: Automation, artificial intelligence and labour protection

This paper aims at filling some gaps in the mainstream debate on automation, the introduction of new technologies at the workplace and the future of work. This debate has concentrated, so far, on how many jobs will be lost as a consequence of technological innovation. This paper examines instead issues related to the quality of jobs in future labour markets. It addresses the detrimental effects on workers of awarding legal capacity and rights and obligation to robots. It examines the implications of practices such as People Analytics and the use of big data and artificial intelligence to manage the workforce. It stresses on an oft-neglected feature of the contract of employment, namely the fact that it vests the employer with authority and managerial prerogatives over workers. It points out that a vital function of labour law is to limit these authority and prerogatives to protect the human dignity of workers. In light of this, it argues that even if a Universal Basic Income were introduced, the existence of managerial prerogatives would still warrant the existence of labour regulation since this regulation is about much more than protecting workers' income. It then highlights the benefits of human-rights based approaches to labour regulation to protect workers' privacy against invasive electronic monitoring. It concludes by highlighting the crucial role of collective regulation and social partners in governing automation and the impact of technology at the workplace. It stresses that collective dismissal regulation and the involvement of workers' representatives in managing and preventing job losses is crucial and that collective actors should actively participate in the governance of technology-enhanced management systems, to ensure a vital “human-in-command” approach.

Source: https://www.ilo.org/employment/Whatwedo/Publications/working-papers/WCMS_634157/lang--en/index.htm

HSA - Annual Report 2017

This is the second annual report under the Authority's strategy for 2016 to 2018. The Authority achieved a challenging and broad programme of work in 2017.

Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Corporate/Annual_Report_2017.html

Preventing disease through a healthier and safer workplace

This assessment is a comprehensive report combining: a) the key evidence linking diseases and injuries to occupational risks; b) a quantitative assessment of the disease burden attributable to selected occupational risks; and c) a compilation of general interventions and selected examples of occupational and environmental interventions that successfully improve health.
This study estimates that in 2015, more than 1.2 million deaths globally were attributable to occupational risks, which represent 2.1% of all deaths in the general population. When accounting for both deaths and disability, the fraction of the global disease burden in the general population due to occupation amounts to 2.7%. Noncommunicable diseases contribute 70%, injuries 22% and infectious diseases 8% to the total disease burden from occupational risks. Low- and middle-income countries are disproportionally affected by occupational death and disease.
This study provides an approximate estimate of how much disease can be prevented by reducing occupational risks to health. The analysis uses a combination of approaches with a clear focus on comparative risk assessment methods, which apply detailed exposure and exposure-risk information. Of the 1.2 million deaths attributable to occupation, 1.1 million (90%) were estimated using comparative risk assessment methods, and the remaining using more limited epidemiological data and expert opinion. While the evidence has shown that many diseases are caused by occupational risks to health, to date, only a limited number of those
could be quantified, suggesting that the disease burden from occupational risks presented in this report remains a conservative estimate.
This assessment summarizes extensive information on interventions to reduce the burden of disease due to occupation. It lists general interventions by disease or injury as well as selected examples of occupational and environmental interventions from the epidemiological literature. Occupational risks, in this study, include physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial risks, working conditions and the built environments of workplaces.

Source: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272980/9789241513777-eng.pdf

La CNESST en bref - année 2017

Cette publication présente un portrait sommaire d'information financière ainsi que diverses statistiques sur les grands secteurs de la mission de la CNESST. Elle contient des informations relatives aux lésions professionnelles, au programme Pour une maternité sans danger, des données portant sur les normes du travail et sur l'équité salariale, quelques données sur la prévention, un portrait financier, certaines données sur les recours ainsi que quelques comparaisons interprovinciales. Les données sont soit extraites de rapports comptables ou statistiques existants soit produites à partir des systèmes respectifs.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx

Trends and topics in occupational diseases over the last 60 years from PubMed

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of scientific production on occupational diseases (OD) during the period 1945–2015 in order to describe publication trends on that topic and identify the major diseases as well as the predominant actors (journals, countries) involved in this field.
Methods: A PubMed search was carried out to extract articles related to occupational diseases during the period 1 January 1945 to 31 December 2015 using a specific query. Data were downloaded from PubMed in Extensible Markup Language (XML) and processed through a dedicated parser.
Results: A total of 160 025 articles were retrieved from 7127 journals. One third of these articles were published in 39 journals: the core journals according to Bradford's law. Following exponential growth, OD publications reached a plateau in 2007. The overall dynamics of the OD field are heterogeneous with differences between subfields: psychological diseases emerged in the 1990s while “traditional” OD are less studied nowadays. Despite a sharp decrease in the proportion of publications, the most productive country remains the USA with 14.5% of the OD publications over the period but Scandinavian countries are, proportionally, the most active in research and publication on OD.
Conclusions: The proportion of publications on OD is decreasing in Medline, except for specific subfields of OD. This is discrepant with the global burden of occupational diseases.

Source: Gehanno, J. F., Postel, A., Schuers, M. et Rollin, L. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3750

Occupational safety and health in public health emergencies

A manual for protecting health workers and responders
This manual provides an overview of the main OSH risks faced by emergency responders during disease outbreaks and other emergencies, such as natural disasters, chemical incidents, radiological emergencies and emergencies involving conflicts. The intent is to assist organizations and workplaces to better prepare and respond to these events. The manual, which is particularly focused on needs in low-resource settings, provides technical guidance on good practices and procedures in establishing systems that can: 1) reduce occupational exposures, injury, illness and death among response workers; 2) decrease stress and reduce fears; and 3)
promote the health and well-being of health-care and other response workers.
The manual has three main parts. Chapters 1 to 3 cover managerial and technical tools and strategies for managing OSH in emergency situations. These tools include an OSH management systems approach for use in emergencies, an incident command system (ICS), OSH controls and standard precautions and their application during emergencies. Chapters 4 to 8 cover OSH hazards in different types of emergencies, such as outbreak situations covering clinical and community response settings, chemical incidents, radiation incidents and natural disasters, as well as conflict situations. The Appendix includes a collection of tools and resources compiled from various resources that are intended to provide practical support to users on different aspects of OSH in emergencies and outbreaks.

Source: http://www.who.int/occupational_health/Web_OSH_manual.pdf

GRI 403: Occupational Health and Safety

The new Standard aligns with key international instruments from the International Labour Organization (ILO) and with ISO 45001. And, in accordance with due process, the update was carried out by a diverse group of stakeholders that brought a combination of knowledge and experience in occupational health and safety.

Source: https://www.globalreporting.org/standards/media/1910/gri-403-occupational-health-and-safety-2018.pdf

Restitution de l'exercice de prospective Plateformisation 2027

Associant plusieurs partenaires, l'INRS a piloté des travaux de prospective sur le thème de la plateformisation de l'économie et ses
conséquences possibles en santé et sécurité au travail d'ici 2027. À partir d'hypothèses, ont été formulés quatre scénarios permettant d'identifier quelques enjeux en santé-sécurité et des conséquences sur l'emploi et le travail de demain.
Des projections dans deux secteurs mettent en évidence les points de vigilance et les opportunités en termes de prévention des risques professionnels. Enfin, sont évoqués les principes généraux de prévention au vu de ce nouveau modèle économique.

Source: Leïchle, J., Defrance, M. Malenfer, M., Héry, M. (2018). Références en santé au travail (154), 105-113.
http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/pages-article/ArticleRST.html?ref=RST.TM 45

CAN/CSA-Z1001-18 - Occupational health and safety training

This Standard specifies requirements for management and administration of OHS training, identification of OHS training needs, and outlines the development, implementation, and maintenance of an OHS training program and courses. It also specifies how to select training providers with the appropriate qualifications and the requirements for the design and delivery of OHS training courses. Informative Annexes provide guidance on how to implement the requirements of this Standard, it includes information on adult education principles (see Annex A), training for new workers (see Annex C), training for supervisors (see Annex D), training for health and safety committees and health and safety representatives (see Annex F). It also provides guidance on high-risk training (see Annex H). Samples of a training needs assessment (see Annex B), supervisor training matrix (see Annex E), training provider evaluation (see Annex G), trainee evaluation forms (Annex I) and training course conformance checklist (see Annex J) are also included that can be customized for the specific needs of the user.

Source: https://store.csagroup.org/ccrz__ProductDetails?viewState=DetailView&cartID=&sku=CAN/CSA-Z1001-18&isCSRFlow=true&portalUser=&store=&cclcl=fr_CA

Anses - Contrat d'objectifs et de performance 2018-2022

Le présent contrat définit les grandes orientations stratégiques et les objectifs qui permettront à l'Anses de continuer à remplir de façon performante ses missions de sécurité sanitaire : contribuer à protéger la santé humaine, animale, végétale et les écosystèmes, à prévenir les risques émergents, et ainsi répondre aux attentes des pouvoirs publics.
Ce nouveau contrat d'objectifs et de performance résulte d'une démarche qui a mobilisé l'établissement et ses tutelles pendant l'année 2017 (10 réunions de groupes de travail associant les équipes de l'Anses et des tutelles, plusieurs comités de pilotage avec les directeurs généraux, nombreux échanges) et s'appuie sur les recommandations de la mission d'évaluation du COP précédent (CGEDD - IGAS - CGEFI - CGAAER) dont le rapport a été rendu à l'été 2017.

Source: https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/ANSES-COP2018-2022pp.pdf

Sous le vernis, des professionnels de la beauté en danger

Parce qu'ils doivent nous apporter du bien-être, les professionnels de la beauté sont rarement considérés comme des travailleurs à risques en matière de sécurité et de santé. Ceux qui prennent soin du corps des autres le font pourtant souvent au détriment de leur propre santé.
Très rares sont les travailleurs de la beauté à échapper aux troubles musculosquelettiques. L'usage quotidien de produits cosmétiques contenant des molécules chimiques allergisantes ou irritantes pour la peau leur cause de nombreux soucis de santé.
Le problème est particulièrement aigu dans les activités de manucure. Ces dernières années, la mode des ongles artificiels s'est diffusée un peu partout dans les pays industrialisés. Des salons de manucure à bas prix ont littéralement envahi certains quartiers des grandes villes. Des produits chimiques toxiques, notamment des solvants, y sont abondamment utilisés.
La réponse de l'Union européenne à ces menaces pour la santé de dizaines de milliers de travailleurs est insatisfaisante. Ainsi, la Commission européenne s'oppose avec fermeté à la transposition en directive d'un accord-cadre conclu par les partenaires sociaux européens en vue d'améliorer la sécurité et la protection de la santé dans le secteur de la coiffure. Par ailleurs, la législation européenne réglementant la commercialisation des produits cosmétiques protège avant tout les consommateurs, beaucoup moins les professionnels qui les manipulent au moins une trentaine d'heures par semaine.

Source: (2018). HesaMag (17).
http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag

Occupational health and safety in the industry 4.0 era: A cause for major concern?

Real-time communication, Big Data, human–machine cooperation, remote sensing, monitoring and process control, autonomous equipment and interconnectivity are becoming major assets in modern industry. As the fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0 becomes the predominant reality, it will bring new paradigm shifts, which will have an impact on the management of occupational health and safety (OHS).
In the midst of this new and accelerating industrial trend, are we giving due consideration to changes in OHS imperatives? Are the OHS consequences of Industry 4.0 being evaluated properly? Do we stand to lose any of the gains made through proactive approaches? Are there rational grounds for major concerns? In this article, we examine these questions in order to raise consciousness with regard to the integration of OHS into Industry 4.0.
It is clear that if the technologies driving Industry 4.0 develop in silos and manufacturers’ initiatives are isolated and fragmented, the dangers will multiply and the net impact on OHS will be negative. As major changes are implemented, previous gains in preventive management of workplace health and safety will be at risk. If we are to avoid putting technological progress and OHS on a collision course, researchers, field experts and industrialists will have to collaborate on a smooth transition towards Industry 4.0.

Source: Badri, A., Boudreau-Trudel, B. et Souissi, A. S. (2018). Safety Science, 109, 403-411.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.012

Anses - Rapports d'activité 2017

L'année 2017 aura été marquée par des débats nombreux, notamment dans le cadre des États généraux de l'alimentation, mais également par des controverses, en France ou au niveau européen. Pesticides, perturbateurs endocriniens, nanomatériaux, ondes électromagnétiques… autant de sujets qui reviennent avec régularité dans le débat public, parce qu'ils sont sources d'interrogations, voire de craintes pour nos concitoyens, en tous cas, sources d'incertitudes.

Source: https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/rapports-dactivit%C3%A9-de-lagence-0

CNESST - Rapport annuel de gestion 2017

Le Rapport annuel de gestion de la CNESST fait état des résultats obtenus pour l'exercice financier 2017 à l'égard des objectifs du Plan stratégique 2017-2019. De plus, ce document fait le point sur la gestion des ressources et répond aux différentes exigences législatives et gouvernementales en vigueur. Enfin, il présente les états financiers audités, dont ceux du Fonds de la santé et de la sécurité du travail.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-11.aspx

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