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A research framework for the development and implementation of interventions preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders
Objectives: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are highly prevalent and put a large burden on the (working) society. Primary prevention of work-related MSD focuses often on physical risk factors (such as on manual lifting and awkward postures) but has not been too successful in reducing the MSD burden. This may partly be caused by insufficient knowledge of etiological mechanisms and/or a lack of adequately feasible interventions (theory failure and program failure, respectively), possibly due to limited integration of research disciplines. A research framework could link research disciplines...
A practical guidance for assessments of sedentary behavior at work
A PEROSH initiative Sedentary behavior is defined as sitting or lying with low energy expenditure. Humans in industrialized societies spend an increasing amount of time in sedentary behaviors every day. This has been associated with detrimental health outcomes. Despite a growing interest in the health effects of sedentary behavior at work, associations remain unclear, plausibly due to poor and diverse methods for assessing sedentary behavior. Thus, good practice guidance for researchers and practitioners on how to assess occupational sedentary behavior are needed. The aim of this paper is to provide...
Reducing Physical Risk Factors in Construction Work Through a Participatory Intervention
Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Process Evaluation Background: Previous research has shown that reducing physical workload among workers in the construction industry is complicated. In order to address this issue, we developed a process evaluation in a formative mixed-methods design, drawing on existing knowledge of the potential barriers for implementation. Objective: We present the design of a mixed-methods process evaluation of the organizational, social, and subjective practices that play roles in the intervention study, integrating technical measurements to detect excessive physical exertion...
Psychometric properties evaluation of a new ergonomics-related job factors questionnaire developed for nursing workers
The objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire that evaluates the perception of nursing workers to job factors that may contribute to musculoskeletal symptoms, and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Internationally recommended methodology was followed: construction of domains, items and the instrument as a whole, content validity, and pre-test. Psychometric properties were evaluated among 370 nursing workers. Construct validity was analyzed by the factorial analysis, known-groups technique, and convergent validity. Reliability was assessed through internal consistency and stability...
Conservative interventions for treating work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder in adults
Work-related upper limb disorder (WRULD), repetitive strain injury (RSI), occupational overuse syndrome (OOS) and work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS) are the most frequently used umbrella terms for disorders that develop as a result of repetitive movements, awkward postures and impact of external forces such as those associated with operating vibrating tools. Work-related CANS, which is the term we use in this review, severely hampers the working population. Source : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008742.pub2/abstract
7e conférence scientifique internationale sur la prévention des TMS, PREMUS 2010
Après Boston en 2007, le congrès PREMUS 2010 (Seventh International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders) s'est déroulé en France pour la première fois depuis sa création en 1992. Il s'agit du principal congrès international sur les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) qui regroupe, tous les trois ans, sous l'égide de l'International Commission of Occupational Health (ICOH - CIST), les spécialistes internationaux du sujet (biomécaniciens, physiologistes, épidémiologistes...
L'évaluation, un outil de l'ergonome pour transformer le contexte d'intervention
Cet article expose la mise en oeuvre d'une recherche-action visant à explorer si une démarche évaluative de type recherche-évaluative permet d'identifier les facteurs favorables à une intervention et d'instruire les hypothèses des intervenants sur les liens entre processus d'intervention et résultats obtenus. Les cas utilisés illustrent comment la recherche évaluative peut permettre à l'ergonome d'améliorer les conditions dans lesquelles il intervient en partageant des indicateurs d'évaluation...

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