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What do Workers do to Reduce Their Sitting Time?
The Relationships of Strategy use and Workplace Support with Desk-Based Workers' Behaviour Changes in a Workplace-Delivered Sitting-Reduction and Activity-Promoting Intervention Objective: To explore workers' sitting-reduction and activity-promoting strategy use following an intervention targeting these changes, and whether strategy use and perceived workplace support impacted on three-month sitting and activity outcomes. Methods: This secondary analysis in desk-based workers (n = 83) utilised data collected on questionnaire-derived strategy use and workplace support, and activPAL3TM-derived...
Economic evaluation of a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce office workers’ sitting time: the "Stand Up Victoria" trial
Multicomponent intervention involving a sit-and-stand desk can reduce sitting time and increase the standing and stepping time during the working hours for office-based workers, and it is likely to promote the cardiovascular fitness. It is cost-effective in the long-term from a societal perspective. This study provides important evidence for policy-makers and workplaces regarding allocation of resources to reduce workplace sitting. Source: Gao, L., Flego, A., Dunstan, D. W., Winkler, E. A., Healy, G. N., Eakin, E. G., ... et Wiesner, G. H. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment &...
Economic evaluations of ergonomic interventions preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders
A systematic review of organizational-level interventions Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful...
Are work disability prevention interventions effective for the management of neck pain or upper extremity disorders?
A systematic review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration Purpose We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise and synthesize literature on the effectiveness of work disability prevention (WDP) interventions in workers with neck pain, whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), or upper extremity disorders. Methods We searched electronic databases from 1990 to 2012. Random pairs of independent reviewers critically appraised eligible studies using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria. Scientifically admissible studies were summarized...
Interventions pour la prévention des TMS - Mesure de l’exposition aux facteurs de risque et aspects économiques
Les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS) au dos et aux membres supérieurs constituent un problème majeur ayant des retombées au point de vue humain, social et économique. Ainsi, au cours des dernières années, plusieurs méthodes d'évaluation de l'exposition aux facteurs de risque (MÉEFR) de TMS ont été proposées par la communauté scientifique afin de soutenir les efforts de prévention. Toutefois, relativement peu d'information existe sur l'utilisation pratique de ces différentes...
Health-related effects of early part-time sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders: a randomized controlled trial
Objective Previously we reported that early part-time sick leave enhances return to work (RTW) among employees with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). This paper assesses the health-related effects of this intervention. Methods Patients aged 18–60 years who were unable to perform their regular work due to MSD were randomized to part- or full-time sick leave groups. In the former, workload was reduced by halving working time. Using validated questionnaires, we assessed pain intensity and interference with work and sleep, region-specific disability due to MSD, self-rated general health, health...
The Ergonomic Program Implementation Continuum (EPIC): Integration of health and safety
A process evaluation in the healthcare sector INTRODUCTION: This article presents a health and safety intervention model and the use of process evaluation to assess a participatory ergonomic intervention. METHOD: The effectiveness of the Ergonomic Program Implementation Continuum (EPIC) was assessed at six healthcare pilot sites in Ontario, Canada. The model provided a framework to demonstrate evaluation findings. RESULTS: Participants reported that EPIC was thorough and identified improvements related to its use. Participants believed the program contributed to advancing an organizational culture...
Ergonomic design and training for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck in adults
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck are one of the most common occupational disorders around the world. It is likely that addressing ergonomic factors, such as the design of workplace equipment or the environment, or both, as well as training workers in ergonomic principles may reduce the risk of workers developing these musculoskeletal disorders. This Cochrane review presents what we know from research about the effect of workplace ergonomic interventions for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and neck. We included 13 studies involving...
La formation visant la prise en charge globale des troubles musculo-squelettiques par l’entreprise : une étude exploratoire
Les approches traditionnelles de prévention des troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS) au travail sont souvent classées en trois niveaux d’action : 1) la prévention primaire; 2) la prévention secondaire et 3) la prévention tertiaire. La prévention primaire vise généralement l’élimination ou le contrôle des risques à la source, agissant ainsi sur les causes plutôt que sur les conséquences des TMS (ex. : modification de l’aménagement pour éliminer une posture contraignante). La prévention...
Manufacturer saves money with participatory ergonomic program
Participatory ergonomic (PE) programs appear to be effective in reducing workers' exposures to risks for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), or soft-tissue injuries. Yet little is known about the impact that PE programs have on resources such as staff time. This study was designed to address this gap. PE generally involves a management/worker team who look for ways to reduce health risks through the redesign of processes, tools and equipment. http://www.iwh.on.ca/highlights/manufacturer-saves-money-with-participatory-ergonomic-program
Manual handling risks associated with the care, treatment and transportation of bariatric patients and clients in Australia
The project to address the following research questions: > What are the OHS risks associated with manual handling of bariatric patients to which workers such as nurses, ambulance officers, fire fighters, and those in the funeral industry in Australia are exposed? > What measures (e.g. plans, policies, processes and equipment, supported by adequate training) have been introduced in Australia to reduce or eliminate the risks? > How effective are the above measures? > Where might further intervention be required to control the risk in Australian workplaces? The exploratory research project...

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