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Work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly predict disability after 28 years
A Finnish longitudinal study Higher level of work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly carried a higher risk for increase in disability after 28 years. Mitigation of both of these co-occurring exposures at work in midlife could reduce the risk of disability in later life. Thus the workplace should be promoted as an arena for preventive interventions regarding disability in old age. Source: Prakash KC, Neupane S, Leino-Arjas P, von Bonsdorff MB, Rantanen T, von Bonsdorff ME, Seitsamo J, Ilmarinen J, Nygård C-H. (2017). Scand J Work Environ Health...
Older females in the workforce
The effects of age on psychophysical estimates of maximum acceptable lifting loads This psychophysical study demonstrated that older female workers (aged 50–63 years) selected maximum acceptable lift masses that were (on average) 24% lower than younger workers (aged 20–32 years), which corresponded with lower grip strength and heart rate reserve. Current maximum acceptable lifting weights based on psychophysical information may not protect female workers greater than 50 years of age. Source: Chen, J. A., Dickerson, C. R., Wells, R. P., & Laing, A. C. (2017). Ergonomics , 1-34. http...
Aging and MSD: Strategies for Older Workers
The global population is aging with a projection that one in five people will be over the age of 60 by 2050. The Canadian population aged 65 and over is expected to double over the next 25 years. The Canadian workforce is also aging with a large proportion of workers (42.4%) in the 45 to 64 age group in 2011 and the average age of labor market participant predicted to continue to rise until 20314. However, it appears that very few Canadian companies have addressed the impact of an aging workforce on occupational health. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a burden to all industrial sectors. They...
Are elderly construction workers sufficiently fit for heavy manual labour?
This study analysed the work ability of elderly construction workers. Forty male construction workers, 20 young (age < 33 yrs) and 20 senior (age>44 yrs) workers, were tested regarding aerobic power (VO2max) and muscle strength. The aerobic demand of a number of tasks in construction work was measured and compared with the workers' aerobic power. VO2max was higher for the young, and they performed better on most muscle strength tests. The measurements showed that about half of the senior workers had to use more than 30% of their maximum oxygen uptake on some tasks. In conclusion, because...
Does a history of physical exposures at work affect hand-grip strength in midlife?
A retrospective cohort study in Denmark This retrospective cohort study evaluates the associations between physical exposures throughout working life and late midlife hand-grip strength (HGS). Exposure to lifting, standing/walking, and kneeling were analyzed in multiple regression models. Physical exposures in working life were associated with a slightly higher HGS among men but no associations between physical exposures and HGS were seen among women. Source : Møller A, Reventlow S, Hansen ÅM, Andersen LL, Siersma V, Lund R, Avlund K, Andersen JH, Mortensen OS. Scand J Work Environ...
Joint Pain in the Workplace : NIOSH Science Blog
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include a number of physical conditions affecting muscles, tendons, nerves, ligaments, joints, and other soft tissues that can be caused, or exacerbated, by work. It is estimated that MSDs account for approximately one-third of injury and illness costs in U.S. industry. Many musculoskeletal conditions can result specifically in chronic or short-term joint pain. One example of joint pain is arthritis, which is the leading cause of work disability, according to the CDC. Arthritis is a condition in which the cartilage surfaces between bones wears away resulting in...
Qu'est-ce qui fait la pénibilité d'une posture contraignante ?
Une exploration à partir des données 2009-2010 du dispositif Evrest La pénibilité est entrée dans le débat social en tant qu’élément justifiant une éventuelle différenciation des conditions de départ en retraite. Les incapacités faisant suite à l’exposition à certaines contraintes seraient l’un des critères pris en compte pour justifier des départs plus précoces, mais aussi pour fonder une démarche de prévention. Source : http://evrest.istnf.fr/_admin...
Change with the times: Chronic conditions hint at the need for tailored injury prevention efforts
Workplaces may need to tailor their injury prevention efforts to address the rising prevalence of chronic conditions, says new research from the Institute for Work & Health. The higher prevalence of chronic conditions among older workers may have important implications for the prevention of workplace injuries, suggests new research from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH). The research, just published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 841-846), examined the relationship between five chronic conditions—arthritis, hypertension, heart disease...
Fit for Work?
Musculoskeletal Disorders in the European Workforce Published: September 2009 Authors: Stephen Bevan, Tatiana Quadrello, Robin McGee, Michelle Mahdon, Anna Vavrovsky, Leela Barham Series: Fit for Work Abstract : This groundbreaking study conducted across 25 European countries and beyond finds that 100 million Europeans suffer from musculoskeletal disorders( MSDs), accounting for 49% of workplace absence and 60% of permanent work incapacity in the EU. It looks at the causes, and crucially, steps that can be taken to reduce the serious, negative socio-economic impact of MSDs Soure : http://www.theworkfoundation...

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