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Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
Mechanical and psychosocial work exposures: the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM)
Objectives: The aim of this study was to (i) construct and evaluate a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) for mechanical and psychosocial work exposures and (ii) test its predictive validity for low-back pain. Methods: We utilized data from the Norwegian nationwide Survey of Living Conditions on work environment in 2006 and 2009. We classified occupations on a 4-digit level based on the Norwegian version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). The mechanical and psychosocial exposure information was collected by personal telephone interviews and included exposures...
Visual and psychological stress during computer work in healthy, young females - physiological responses
Purpose: Among computer workers, visual complaints, and neck pain are highly prevalent. This study explores how occupational simulated stressors during computer work, like glare and psychosocial stress, affect physiological responses in young females with normal vision. Methods: The study was a within-subject laboratory experiment with a counterbalanced, repeated design. Forty-three females performed four 10-min computer-work sessions with different stress exposures: (1) minimal stress; (2) visual stress (direct glare); (3) psychological stress; and (4) combined visual and psychological stress...
Work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly predict disability after 28 years
A Finnish longitudinal study Higher level of work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly carried a higher risk for increase in disability after 28 years. Mitigation of both of these co-occurring exposures at work in midlife could reduce the risk of disability in later life. Thus the workplace should be promoted as an arena for preventive interventions regarding disability in old age. Source: Prakash KC, Neupane S, Leino-Arjas P, von Bonsdorff MB, Rantanen T, von Bonsdorff ME, Seitsamo J, Ilmarinen J, Nygård C-H. (2017). Scand J Work Environ Health...
Temporal relationships between job strain and low-back pain
To our knowledge this is one of the first studies to examine reciprocal relationships between job strain and back pain and which accounts for time-invariant characteristics. The study highlights a need for more work to establish if there are bidirectional relationships, with more frequent repeat measurements and which account for time-stable individual factors. Source: Hanson, L. L. M., Madsen, I. E., Rugulies, R., Peristera, P., Westerlund, H., & Descatha, A. Scandinavian Journal of Work . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3654
Psychosocial work stress, leisure time physical exercise and the risk of chronic pain in the neck/shoulders
Longitudinal data from the Norwegian HUNT Study Objectives: To prospectively investigate if the risk of chronic neck/shoulder pain is associated with work stress and job control, and to assess if physical exercise modifies these associations. Material and Methods: The study population comprised 29 496 vocationally active women and men in the Norwegian Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT Study) without chronic pain at baseline in 1984–1986. Chronic neck/shoulder pain was assessed during a follow-up in 1995–1997. A generalized linear model (Poisson regression) was used to calculate...
Cortisol, Health, and Coping in Patients with Nonspecific Low Back Pain
Subjective health complaints (SHC), including nonspecific low back pain (LBP) as the most common single complaint, are the main reasons for long-term sick leave in many western countries. These complaints are often attributed to “stress”. Cortisol has frequently been considered a biomarker reflecting sustained physiological HPA-axis activity, and is characterized by a high cortisol awakening response (CAR) and low evening values. The aim of the study was to investigate whether LBP patients had a normal characteristic cortisol profile, and whether possible deviations were related to...
Effect of individually tailored biopsychosocial workplace interventions on chronic musculoskeletal pain and stress among laboratory technicians
Randomized controlled trial BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is prevalent among laboratory technicians and work-related stress may aggravate the problem. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of a multifaceted worksite intervention on pain and stress among laboratory technicians with chronic musculoskeletal pain using individually tailored physical and cognitive elements. STUDY DESIGN: This trial uses a single-blind randomized controlled design with allocation concealment in a 2-armed parallel group format among laboratory technicians. The trial "Implementation of physical...
Is musculoskeletal pain a consequence or a cause of occupational stress?
A longitudinal study Objectives: Longitudinal studies have linked stress at work with a higher incidence of musculoskeletal pain. We aimed to explore the extent to which musculoskeletal pain is a cause as opposed to a consequence of perceived occupational stress. Methods: As part of the international cultural and psychosocial influences on disability study, we collected information from 305 Italian nurses, at baseline and again after 12 months, about pain during the past month in the low-back and neck/shoulder, and about effort–reward imbalance (ERI) (assessed by Siegrist's ERI questionnaire...
Work-related injury and ill-health among mountain instructors in the UK
In most industrialised countries, work-related injury and ill-health presents a major burden to society. Musculoskeletal disorders and stress are the most common reported illness types with those working in some industries more at risk than others. This study aimed to understand the occupational health issues of those working as mountain instructors in the outdoor sector within the UK and to identify the cultural norms and behaviours among this unique occupational group which influence health. Semi-structured, telephone interviews were conducted with 20 qualified mountaineers to gain information...
Une nouvelle norme pour améliorer les conditions de travail des caissiers et caissières
Afin d'améliorer les conditions de travail des caissiers et caissières, de réduire les risques, une nouvelle norme AFNOR est désormais disponible pour améliorer l'ergonomie des postes de travail. Tendinites, douleurs dorsales et cervicales, troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS), stress… sont quelques-unes des nombreuses pathologies qui frappent les caissiers et caissières. Il devenait urgent de s'intéresser au problème. Ainsi, la nouvelle norme AFNOR NF X35-701 s'applique à l'ergonomie des postes de travail...
Santé physique et psychique, stress et fatigue chronique chez les salariés
L'objectif de cette note est de présenter une sélection de travaux ayant pour point commun l'identification de certaines répercussions physiques/psychiques du travail sur le salarié. Face à l'importance des études sur le sujet, il nous a semblé indispensable de circonscrire notre analyse aux atteintes de type troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS) et celles causées par la fatigue importante liée au travail. Tout d'abord, les travaux Lin et al. (2009) seront présentés, puis ceux de Chang et al. (2009) et enfin...
Un DVD pour prévenir les risques chez les soignants
Le DVD « Soignants » nouvellement conçu par l'INRS s'adresse principalement aux décideurs en établissements de soins et aux soignants. A travers fictions courtes et reportages sont présentées les principales maladies professionnelles auxquelles sont confrontés les soignants. L'outil propose également des retours d'expérience de certaines structures. Les nouvelles conditions de travail et les méthodes de gestion davantage orientées vers les gains de productivité du secteur médical ont...

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