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Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life?
Background As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model. Methods Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed...
Bi-directional relation between effort-reward imbalance and risk of neck-shoulder pain
Assessment of mediation through depressive symptoms using occupational longitudinal data Objectives: Bi-directional associations between perceived effort?reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neckshoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI. Methods...
Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence
Background: Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous presence of both symptoms, is well established in the literature. The aim for the current investigation was to investigate whether the presence of comorbid pain influences the associations between depressive symptoms and LTSA or if the presence of comorbid depressive symptoms influences associations between musculoskeletal pain and LTSA. Methods: A sample of 6572 Danish female health...
Workplace risk management practices to prevent musculoskeletal and mental health disorders: What are the gaps?
Introduction: A large body of evidence demonstrates substantial effects of work-related psychosocial hazards on risks of both musculoskeletal and mental health disorders (MSDs and MHDs), which are two of the most costly occupational health problems in many countries. This study investigated current workplace risk management practices in two industry sectors with high risk of both MSDs and MHDs and evaluated the extent to which risk from psychosocial hazards is being effectively managed. Method: Nineteen, mostly large, Australian organisations were each asked to provide documentation of their relevant...
Évaluer les interventions de prévention des RPS - TMS
Ce guide pratique accompagne étape par étape les intervenants dans leur démarche d'évaluation. Il propose des apports méthodologiques sur l'évaluation, des exemples illustratifs et une grille regroupant les conséquences potentielles des démarches de prévention des risques psychosociaux (RPS) et trouble musculosquelettiques (TMS). Il est accompagné du " Document d'évaluation de mon intervention " que l'intervenant pourra renseigner au fur et à mesure de sa démarche. La démarche...
Associations between biopsychosocial factors and chronic upper limb pain among slaughterhouse workers
Cross sectional study BACKGROUND: Knowledge of factors associated with chronic pain is necessary for preventive strategies. The present study investigates biopsychosocial differences, with specific focus on rate of force development (RFD) and work ability, between workers with and without chronic upper limb pain. METHODS: Eighty-two male slaughterhouse workers, 49 with chronic upper limb pain and 33 pain-free controls participated in the study. Maximal muscle strength, RFD, and muscle activity was determined from fast and forceful maximal voluntary contractions for the shoulder and hand. Participants...
The Consequence of Combined Pain and Stress on Work Ability in Female Laboratory Technicians
A Cross-Sectional Study Musculoskeletal pain and stress-related disorders are leading causes of impaired work ability, sickness absences and disability pensions. However, knowledge about the combined detrimental effect of pain and stress on work ability is lacking. This study investigates the association between pain in the neck-shoulders, perceived stress, and work ability. In a cross-sectional survey at a large pharmaceutical company in Denmark 473 female laboratory technicians replied to questions about stress (Perceived Stress Scale), musculoskeletal pain intensity (scale 0–10) of the...
Is musculoskeletal pain a consequence or a cause of occupational stress?
A longitudinal study Objectives: Longitudinal studies have linked stress at work with a higher incidence of musculoskeletal pain. We aimed to explore the extent to which musculoskeletal pain is a cause as opposed to a consequence of perceived occupational stress. Methods: As part of the international cultural and psychosocial influences on disability study, we collected information from 305 Italian nurses, at baseline and again after 12 months, about pain during the past month in the low-back and neck/shoulder, and about effort–reward imbalance (ERI) (assessed by Siegrist's ERI questionnaire...
Work-related psychosocial risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders in hospital nurses and nursing aides
A systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives :To estimate the association between psychosocial risk factors in the workplace and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in nurses and aides. Design : Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources : An electronic search was performed using MEDLINE (Pubmed), Psychinfo, Web of Science, Tripdatabase, Cochrane Central Controlled Trials, NIOSHTIC and Joanna Briggs Institute of Systematic Reviews on Nursing and Midwifery, to identify observational studies assessing the role of psychosocial risk factors on MSD in hospital nurses and nursing aides. Review...
Barriers to change in depressive symptoms following multidisciplinary rehabilitation for whiplash
The role of perceived injustice OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms complicate patients' recovery following musculoskeletal injury. There is strong evidence to support the utility of multidisciplinary approaches for treating comorbid pain and depressive symptoms. Despite this, a significant proportion of patients may not experience meaningful reductions in depressive symptoms following intervention. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to change in depressive symptom during multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with whiplash injuries. METHODS: 53 patients with clinically meaningful...
Musculoskeletal Pain and Depressive Symptoms as Predictors of Trajectories in Work Ability Among Finnish Firefighters at 13-Year Follow-Up
Objective: To identify work ability trajectories among Finnish firefighters during a 13-year follow-up. We examined whether baseline musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms (DPS) predicted membership of the trajectories. Methods: We studied 411 male firefighters who responded to a questionnaire at both baseline and at least one of two follow-ups. The outcome variable was perceived work ability (0 to 10). The predictors were musculoskeletal and depressive symptoms. Covariates included age, diseases, lifestyle habits, and work-related factors. Results: One fourth of the firefighters belonged...
The Relation of Co-occurring Musculoskeletal Pain and Depressive Symptoms With Work Ability
Objective: To examine the relationship of musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms, occurring alone or both together, with self-rated current work ability and thoughts of early retirement. Methods: In a nationally representative sample drawn in 2000–2001, we studied actively working subjects aged 30 to 64 years (n = 4009). Results: Musculoskeletal pain was associated with moderate/poor physical work ability (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.0 to 4.2) and mental work ability (OR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.2). Depressive symptoms were associated with moderate...
Nouveau numéro de PISTES
Dans ce numéro, intitulé « Passerelle », il sera question du geste, utile à la fois pour mieux comprendre l’activité en situation de travail et pour agir sur la prévention durable des TMS. Deux contributions s’intéressent aux guides en santé et en sécurité du travail agissant comme relais de connaissances. Les changements organisationnels sont aussi scrutés au regard du bien-être émotionnel au travail. Le lecteur est également invité à prendre connaissance d’un nouvel...
Psychosocial precursors and physical consequences of workplace violence towards nurses
A longitudinal examination with naturally occurring groups in hospital settings BACKGROUND: Workplace violence towards nurses is prevalent and consequential, contributing to nurses' reduced health and safety, worsened job attitudes, and compromised productivity. OBJECTIVES: To examine if organizational violence prevention climate as perceived by nurses predicts nurses' physical violence exposure and if physical violence exposure predicts nurses' somatic symptoms and musculoskeletal disorder symptoms. DESIGN: A two-wave longitudinal design with naturally occurring groups, with a 6-month...
Ache and melancholy
Co-occurence of musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms in Finland It is important to recognise the connection between musculoskeletal pain and depression in regard to work ability, well-being at work and continuing to work. When present at the same time, they may strengthen each other's negative effect on the quality of life, functional capacity and work ability. The co-occurrence may increase visits to the doctor, sickness absences, work incapacity and early retirement. Source : http://www.ttl.fi/en/news/Pages/Ache_och_melancholy.aspx

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