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Acceptation des exosquelettes par les opérateurs : étude exploratoire
L'introduction des exosquelettes, comme toute nouvelle technologie, constitue un changement au niveau de l'organisation et de l'activité des opérateurs. C'est dans ce cadre qu'est abordée la question spécifique de l'acceptabilité et de l'acceptation de ces dispositifs par les opérateurs. Pour cela, un questionnaire a été élaboré et administré à des utilisateurs, anciens utilisateurs et nonutilisateurs d'exosquelettes. En termes de santé et sécurité, les résultats...
Psychometric properties evaluation of a new ergonomics-related job factors questionnaire developed for nursing workers
The objectives of this study were to develop a questionnaire that evaluates the perception of nursing workers to job factors that may contribute to musculoskeletal symptoms, and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Internationally recommended methodology was followed: construction of domains, items and the instrument as a whole, content validity, and pre-test. Psychometric properties were evaluated among 370 nursing workers. Construct validity was analyzed by the factorial analysis, known-groups technique, and convergent validity. Reliability was assessed through internal consistency and stability...
Natural History of Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Resulting Work Limitations Over 3 Years in a Newly Hired Working Population
Objective: To describe the proportions of workers with upper extremity (UE) symptoms and work limitations because of symptoms in a newly hired working population over a 3-year study period and to describe transitions between various outcome states. Methods: A total of 827 subjects completed repeat self-reported questionnaires including demographics, medical and work history, symptoms, and work status. Outcomes of interest were UE symptoms and work limitations because of symptoms. Results: Up to 72% of workers reported symptoms at least once during the study, with 12% reporting persistent symptoms...
International variation in absence from work attributed to musculoskeletal illness: findings from the CUPID study
Objectives To quantify the variation in rates of absence due to musculoskeletal pain across 47 occupational groups (mostly nurses and office workers) from 18 countries, and to explore personal and group-level risk factors that might explain observed differences. Methods A standardised questionnaire was used to obtain information about musculoskeletal pain, sickness absence and possible risk factors in a cross-sectional survey of 12 416 workers (92–1017 per occupational group). Additionally, group-level data on socioeconomic variables, such as sick pay and unemployment rates, were assembled...
New DASH manual improves use of tool measuring upper limb function
January 24, 2012 (Toronto, Ontario)—An updated guide for health-care professionals and researchers on how to use the DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) Outcome Measure is now available from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH). The DASH Outcome Measure is a 30-item, self-report questionnaire that measures the symptoms and functioning of patients with musculoskeletal disorders of the hands, wrists, elbows and shoulders. The tool gives clinicians and researchers a single, reliable instrument to assess any or all joints in the upper extremity. A shorter, 11-item version called...
Five easy pieces: Easy-to-use tool helps predict back-pain outcomes
A simple, five-question tool has been developed to help front-line doctors identify those patients with back pain who are at risk of severe and long-term functional limitations and, therefore, potentially in need of more aggressive treatment and follow-up. Five simple questions could help doctors determine early on which patients with back pain need extra attention and which do not. This was the finding of a study led by Dr. Clermont Dionne, director of the Population Health Research Unit (URESP) within the Centre de recherche FRSQ at the Centre hospitalier affilié universitaire de Québec...
Questionnaire TMS de l'INRS
Utilisation dans les entreprises de conditionnement du secteur de la parfumerie Le conditionnement dans l'industrie de la parfumerie et de la cosmétique est une activité à fort risque de troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS). Le questionnaire de l'INRS a été utilisé dans 4 entreprises de ce secteur chez 426 salariés. La population concernée est essentiellement féminine, la moyenne d'âge est de 43,4 ans. Les plaintes concernent pour les deux tiers le rachis (cervicalgies, lombalgies...). Un tiers des salariés a...
Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden
Physical and psychosocial work environment "The number of jobs at recycling centres are increasing, at the same time as there are indications of work environment problems. The aim of this paper was to investigate physical and psychosocial working conditions for employees at recycling centres in Sweden, to describe how they were perceived, to compare differences between subgroups, and further to identify proposals for improvement. Employees at 42 recycling centres (n = 122) responded a postal questionnaire. Of these 32 employees from 16 recycling centres were interviewed, as also their employer...

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