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A screening tool for the risk of disability retirement due to musculoskeletal disorders
Objective: This study aimed to develop and validate a risk screening tool using a points system to assess the risk of future disability retirement due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). Methods: The development population, the Health 2000 Survey, consisted of a nationally representative sample of Finnish employees aged 30–60 years (N=3676) and the validation population, the Helsinki Health Study, consisted of employees of the City of Helsinki aged 40–60 years (N=6391). Both surveys were linked to data on disability retirement awards due to MSD from national register for an 11-year...
Work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly predict disability after 28 years
A Finnish longitudinal study Higher level of work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly carried a higher risk for increase in disability after 28 years. Mitigation of both of these co-occurring exposures at work in midlife could reduce the risk of disability in later life. Thus the workplace should be promoted as an arena for preventive interventions regarding disability in old age. Source: Prakash KC, Neupane S, Leino-Arjas P, von Bonsdorff MB, Rantanen T, von Bonsdorff ME, Seitsamo J, Ilmarinen J, Nygård C-H. (2017). Scand J Work Environ Health...
Predictors of sickness absence related to musculoskeletal pain
A two-year follow-up study of workers in municipal kitchens Objective : We studied predictors of sickness absences (SA) due to musculoskeletal pain over two years among 386 municipal female kitchen workers. Methods : Pain and SA periods (no/yes) due to pain in seven sites during the past three months were assessed at 3-month intervals over two years by questionnaire. Age, musculoskeletal pain, multisite pain (pain in ≥3 sites), musculoskeletal and other somatic diseases, depressive symptoms, physical and psychosocial workload, body mass index, smoking, and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA...
The Relation of Co-occurring Musculoskeletal Pain and Depressive Symptoms With Work Ability
Objective: To examine the relationship of musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms, occurring alone or both together, with self-rated current work ability and thoughts of early retirement. Methods: In a nationally representative sample drawn in 2000–2001, we studied actively working subjects aged 30 to 64 years (n = 4009). Results: Musculoskeletal pain was associated with moderate/poor physical work ability (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.0 to 4.2) and mental work ability (OR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.2). Depressive symptoms were associated with moderate...
The Application of a Classification-Tree Model for Predicting Low Back Pain Prevalence Among Hospital Staff
Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread musculoskeletal condition that frequently occurs in the working-age population (including hospital staff). This study proposes a classification-tree model to predict LBP risk levels in Sacré-Cœur Hospital, Lebanon (as a case study—236 chosen staffs) using various predictor individual and occupational factors. The developed tree model explained 80% of variance in LBP risk levels using standing hours/day (90% in relative importance), job status/sitting hours per day (80% each), body mass index (71%), working days/week (63%), domestic activity...
Occupational lifting during pregnancy and risk of fetal death in a large national cohort study
Objective The aim of the present study was to examine the association between occupational lifting and the risk of fetal death according to gestational age. Methods We used data from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996–2002). Among 71 500 occupationally active women, 2886 experienced a fetal death. Information on lifting and relevant covariates was collected in interviews around week 16 of pregnancy. The majority of fetal losses (N=2032) happened before the scheduled interview, and exposure data were collected retrospectively from these women. We analyzed early miscarriage (≤12 weeks...
Change with the times: Chronic conditions hint at the need for tailored injury prevention efforts
Workplaces may need to tailor their injury prevention efforts to address the rising prevalence of chronic conditions, says new research from the Institute for Work & Health. The higher prevalence of chronic conditions among older workers may have important implications for the prevention of workplace injuries, suggests new research from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH). The research, just published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 841-846), examined the relationship between five chronic conditions—arthritis, hypertension, heart disease...
Ache and melancholy
Co-occurence of musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms in Finland It is important to recognise the connection between musculoskeletal pain and depression in regard to work ability, well-being at work and continuing to work. When present at the same time, they may strengthen each other's negative effect on the quality of life, functional capacity and work ability. The co-occurrence may increase visits to the doctor, sickness absences, work incapacity and early retirement. Source : http://www.ttl.fi/en/news/Pages/Ache_och_melancholy.aspx

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