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Évaluation de la prévalence des plaintes de troubles musculosquelettiques et du lien avec les contraintes de travail chez des électriciens du BTP
La prévalence des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et les liens avec les contraintes de travail dans une population d'électriciens ont été étudiés par le questionnaire TMS de l'INRS, les échelles de Borg, des mesures de vibrations et des études de poste ergonomiques. Les principaux TMS concernaient le rachis, notamment lombaire, et le poignet droit, en lien avec une exposition intense à des contraintes posturales. Les TMS du poignet et de l'épaule étaient également liés à l'exposition...
Risk factors for episodic neck pain in workers
A 5-year prospective study of a general working population Purpose: Development of neck pain (NP) in workers has a multifactorial etiology and depends on both individual and workplace factors. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for episodic NP in a large diverse sample of active workers. Methods: A prospective study based on the surveillance program implemented by the French Public Health Agency in the Loire Valley region. Between 2002 and 2005, 3710 workers were included. Between 2007 and 2010, 2332 workers responded to a follow-up questionnaire which assessed: (1) musculoskeletal...
Frequent Exertion and Frequent Standing at Work, by Industry and Occupation Group - United States, 2015
Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs. A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain. To determine which industry and occupation groups currently have the highest prevalence...
Musculoskeletal Symptoms Among Finnish Professional Orchestra Musicians
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms is high among professional musicians (73-88%). AIMS: We investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in Finnish symphony orchestra musicians. We compared individual instruments as well as the perceived demands of orchestral programs and difficulties in recovering after performances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional questionnaire 920 of 2,785 members of the Finnish Musicians Union (33%) completed the questionnaire, including 361 full-time members of symphony orchestras. Questions about pain symptoms and frequency were based on the...
Association between occupational lifting and day-to-day change in low-back pain intensity based on company records and text messages
Most previous studies assessing the association between physical workload and development of low-back pain have used self-reports for exposure. Using company records for quantifying exposure, this study shows that consecutive working days and higher workload are associated with acutely increased low-back pain. Source: Andersen LL, Fallentin N, Ajslev JZN, Jakobsen MD, Sundstrup E. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3592
Tarification à l’expérience, incidence des troubles musculo-squelettiques et arrêts de travail
L'assurance des risques professionnels des travailleurs salariés du Régime général est financée par les entreprises sur la base de cotisations modulées selon leur sinistralité passée. En théorie, ce mode de tarification devrait contribuer à inciter les employeurs à développer des démarches de prévention des risques professionnels et à minimiser ainsi le coût des mauvaises conditions de travail. À partir d'une expérience naturelle observée en région Nord...
Tarification à l’expérience, incidence des troubles musculo-squelettiques et arrêts de travail
Dans un grand nombre de pays, l'assurance des risques professionnels est financée par les entreprises qui versent des contributions modulées selon leur sinistralité passée. En France, pour une entreprise de plus de 10 salariés, plus le nombre et la gravité des accidents et maladies professionnels sont importants, plus le montant de sa contribution sera élevée. Ce mode de tarification devrait contribuer à sensibiliser les employeurs à l'intérêt de développer des démarches préventives ...
Further Trends in Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
A Comparison of Risk Factors for Symptoms Using Quality of Work Life Data From the 2002, 2006, and 2010 General Social Survey Objective: To report trends for the risk of musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: Three Quality of Work Life surveys examine the risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders. Results: Findings similar for several risk factors, but differences across the reporting years may reflect economic conditions. Respondent numbers in 2010 were reduced, some risk factors had pattern changes, and there were sex and age differences. Trend analysis showed most significant changes were for...
Work productivity loss in young workers
This report estimates work productivity loss due to musculoskeletal pain in 23-year-old workers in Western Australia based on findings from the longitudinal Raine Study. The report ascertains the prevalence of diagnosed back and neck pain among young workers, provides estimates of work productivity loss among young workers and examines the impact of musculoskeletal pain specifically on work productivity. Productivity measures used in this report are absenteeism due to health reasons, absenteeism due to any other reason, and presenteeism. The report also assesses the prevalence of psychological...
Occupational Therapy Practitioners with Occupational Musculoskeletal Injuries
Prevalence and Risk Factors Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of occupational musculoskeletal injuries (OMIs) among occupational therapy practitioners over a 12-month period. Method: A self-administered questionnaire mailed to 500 randomly selected practicing occupational therapists (OTs) and occupational therapy assistants (OTAs) living in the state of Texas. Results: A response rate of 38 % was attained with 192 questionnaires returned. In a 12-months working period, 23 % of occupational therapy practitioners experienced musculoskeletal injuries...
Observatoire des troubles musculo-squelettiques des actifs agricoles
Bilan national 2008-2012 Toute démarche de prévention devant nécessairement s'appuyer sur un état des lieux, ce bilan national permet de connaître plus précisément les caractéristiques en France des Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques (TMS) dans le secteur agricole. Les principaux objectifs de cette étude sont de :  suivre, sur les 5 dernières années, l'évolution annuelle d'indicateurs spécifiques pour les TMS des actifs agricoles dont les données ou caractéristiques sont connues et consolidées...
Prévalence des symptômes musculo-squelettiques du membre supérieur chez les travailleurs de l'agriculture en France en 2010
Introduction: La phase pilote du programme Coset-MSA a permis d'évaluer la prévalence des symptômes musculo-squelettiques du membre supérieur parmi les travailleurs de l'agriculture et, notamment, parmi les agriculteurs exploitants et les ouvriers agricoles couverts par la Mutualité sociale agricole (MSA). Méthode: Les travailleurs ont été recrutés, dans cinq départements, par tirage au sort dans les bases de données de la MSA et invités à remplir un auto-questionnaire. L'échantillon d'analyse...
Les troubles musculo-squelettiques du membre supérieur en France
Ce document de synthèse porte sur les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS) du membre supérieur. Dans ce document, le lecteur trouvera des données sur leur fréquence en termes de prévalence et d'incidence, ainsi que sur la fréquence des expositions aux principaux facteurs de risque connus, selon le sexe, l'âge, les catégories professionnelles et les grands secteurs d'activité. Il trouvera également des informations sur la part des TMS des membres supérieurs attribuable au travail, selon les catégories...
Time trends in musculoskeletal disorders attributed to work exposures in Ontario using three independent data sources, 2004–2011
Objective: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the leading cause of work disability in the developed economies. The objective of this study was to describe trends in the incidence of MSDs attributed to work exposures in Ontario over the period 2004–2011. Methods: An observational study of work-related morbidity obtained from three independent sources for a complete population of approximately six million occupationally active adults aged 15–64 in the largest Canadian province. We implemented a conceptually concordant case definition for work-related non-traumatic MSDs...
Office work can really harm you
Better workstations and posture are not delivering the anticipated benefits as computer-bound office workers creak under the strain of escalating workloads. A new study has found even good posture and ergonomic office equipment do not prevent back, neck, wrist and shoulder injuries and are failing to protect overburdened sedentary workers from a raised risk of heart disease, obesity and diabetes. Researchers from the University of Sydney blamed the overall workplace environment for the poor health of office workers. Their survey of nearly 1,000 Australian workers across six government departments...
The Relationship Between Chronic Conditions and Work-Related Injuries and Repetitive Strain Injuries in Canada
Objective: To examine the relationships between arthritis, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and back problems, and the risk of work-related injuries (WRIs) and work-related repetitive strain injuries (RSIs).Methods: Using data from the 2003 and 2005 Canadian Community Health Surveys (n = 79,114), we examined the relationship between each chronic condition and WRIs and RSIs, adjusting for various demographic and work-related variables that may confound this relationship. Results : Statistically elevated risks were observed for arthritis and back problems for both WRIs and RSIs among both men...
Les milieux de travail les plus à risque de troubles musculo-squelettiques entre 2005 et 2007 : cas d’une région du Québec
Cette étude visait à déterminer les dix secteurs d’activité où le risque de souffrir TMS liés au travail est le plus élevé. Pour ce faire, les chercheurs ont utilisé les données du fichier des lésions professionnelles indemnisées tenu par le régime d’assurance des travailleurs du Québec, sur un total de 93 sous-secteurs industriels avec des entreprises en activité dans la région de Laval. Parmi les dix sous-secteurs les plus à risque figurent les établissements...
Lower limb MSD
Relative to work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity and lower back area, much less investigative focus has been placed on the prevention of lower limb musculoskeletal disorders and injury (LLD) in the workplace. This work was commissioned to examine more closely the nature and extent of workplace lower limb problems and the causal agents with the aim of informing evidence based guidance and advice for workers and employers. It had the following objectives: • To identify the nature and extent of work related LLD that are suffered by workers as well as key risk factors...

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