Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Manutention manuelle » Facteurs de risque (RSS)
Does occupational lifting affect the risk of hypertension?
Cross-sectional and prospective associations in the Copenhagen City Heart Study Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate cross-sectional and prospective associations between heavy occupational lifting and hypertension. Methods: Data from the third, fourth and fifth examinations of the Copenhagen City Heart Study were included. Multivariable logistic regression models were applied to adjust for sex, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking, education, self-rated cardiorespiratory fitness, vital exhaustion and baseline blood pressure, and were used to estimate (i) the cross-sectional association...
Caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles, reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle et devenir fonctionnel et professionnel de patients opérés d’un syndrome du canal carpien en Île-de-France (2009-2012)
Points clés Cette étude menée par Santé publique France en partenariat avec le Réseau Prévention Main Île-de-France (IdF), chez des patients opérés d'un syndrome du canal carpien (SCC), décrit les caractéristiques socio-professionnelles (CSP, déclaration en maladie professionnelle…) des patients et leurs liens avec la durée d'arrêt de travail. Parmi les patients en activité au cours des 10 ans précédant l'intervention, 59 % considéraient leur travail comme...
The influence of external load configuration on trunk biomechanics and spinal loading during sudden loading
Sudden loading is a major risk factor for work-related lower back injuries among occupations involving manual material handling (MMH). The current study explored the effects of external weight configuration on trunk biomechanics and trunk rotational stiffness in the sagittal plane during sudden loading. Fifteen asymptomatic volunteers experienced sudden loadings using the same magnitude of weight (9 kg) with two different configurations (medially- or laterally-distributed) at three levels of height (low, middle and high). Results of this study showed that the medially distributed weight...
Manual handling risks to midwives associated with birthing pools literature review and incident analysis
This report describes research into the manual handling related risks to midwives associated with providing care to women choosing to use a birthing pool for labour and/or birth at home and in hospital. The research comprised: a review of incidents reported to the Health and Safety Executive, a literature review and familiarisation visits to include discussions with midwives to identify current practices and procedures. The manual handling risks are likely to result from the position of the mother in the pool, as well as from the position of the midwife whilst undertaking tasks at the birthing...
Développement d’un système de mesures et d’un protocole de mesures permettant de quantifier l’exposition physique des manutentionnaires
L'objectif principal de ce projet était de combiner différents senseurs et instruments pour expérimenter, en laboratoire et sur le terrain, un système de mesures permettant d'estimer quantitativement l'exposition physique des manutentionnaires. Ce type de système pourrait éventuellement servir à évaluer objectivement l'efficacité d'approches de prévention. Un second objectif consistait à mettre au point une stratégie d'échantillonnage pour optimiser la mesure de l'exposition physique...
Perceived affordances and postures for lifting in child care
Childcare work appears to be full of the physical and mental risk factors frequently associated with chronic exertion leading to injury of the musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this study was to examine the affordances and mechanics for lifting a child, and to associate those mechanics with physical demands reports provided by experienced childcare workers. Participants perceived a smaller safe reaching distance to a child compared to a conventional handling target, despite the identical load and similar load distribution. This difference may reflect the influence of coupling (suitcase had...
Pushing and pulling: An assessment tool for OHS practitioners
A tool has been developed for supporting practitioners when assessing manual pushing and pulling operations based on an initiative by two global companies in the manufacturing industry. The aim of the tool is to support occupational health and safety practitioners in risk assessment and risk management of pushing and pulling operations in the manufacturing and logistics industries. It is based on a nine-multiplier equation that includes a wide range of factors affecting an operator's health risk and capacity in pushing and pulling. These multipliers are based on psychophysical, physiological...
Effects of natural posture imbalance on posture deviation caused by load carriage
The purpose of this study was to explore posture deviation variability caused by load carriages depending on natural posture imbalance to provide information about a carrying habit exaggerating an individual's posture imbalance. All people exhibit some imbalance from the standard anatomical pose which assumes alignment with the frontal and median planes. In this study natural posture imbalance is the starting point for determining posture deviation which is posture imbalance resulting from an activity, carrying an item. Source: Lyu, S., & LaBat, K. L. (2016). International Journal of Industrial...
Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention for New Nurses
Nurses continue to sustain musculoskeletal injuries even with increased emphasis on safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) and organizational cultures of safety to protect health care workers. Analysis of data from 2011-2014 registered nurse graduates explored hospital safety culture, SPHM education/training, and incidence of new-nurse musculoskeletal injury. Results indicated hospitals provided some type of SPHM education and training, but 46% of study participants were not informed or aware of national SPHM standards or guidelines. Merely 13.9% of participants stated a written “no manual...
Posture and lifting exposures for daycare workers
Daycare employees, specifically caregivers, are a distinct population that may experience increased risk of injury due to the high exposure to bent postures, lifting conditions and high stress associated with their work. The objectives of the study were to collect up to date data on daycare workers and to compare the data between groups working with children of different ages (Infant, Toddler and Preschool). The study consisted of two distinct phases: Phase 1 – Questionnaire distribution, Phase 2 – Observation and analysis involving three dimensional postural monitoring and video recording...
Manual handling: differences in perceived effort, success rate and kinematics between three different pushing techniques
This study examined the perceived effort, success rates and kinematics for three push strategies in a simulated lateral patient transfer (horizontal slide). Thirteen healthy subjects (four males) completed three repetition pushing loads of 6, 10 and 14 kg in random order; with a spontaneous push strategy, then with a straight-back bent-knees (squat) strategy and the preparatory pelvic movement (‘rockback') strategy in random order. Perceived effort and kinematic parameters measured at the onset of movement and at maximum push excursion were compared between strategies and between loads...
Association Between Lifting and Use of Medication for Low Back Pain
Results From the Backworks Prospective Cohort Study Objective: To evaluate relationships between lifting and lowering of loads and risk of low back pain resulting in medication use (M-LBP). Methods: At baseline, worker demographics, psychosocial factors, hobbies, LBP history, and lifting and lowering (quantified using the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation) were assessed. A cohort of 258 incident-eligible workers was followed up for 4.5 years to determine new M-LBP cases and changes in lifting/lowering requirements. Proportional hazards regression with time-varying covariates was used to model associations...
The assessment of material handling strategies in dealing with sudden loading
The effects of load handling position on trunk biomechanics Back injury caused by sudden loading is a significant risk among workers that perform manual handling tasks. The present study investigated the effects of load handling position on trunk biomechanics (flexion angle, L5/S1 joint moment and compression force) during sudden loading. Eleven subjects were exposed to a 6.8 kg sudden loading while standing upright, facing forward and holding load at three different vertical heights in the sagittal plane or 45° left to the sagittal plane (created by arm rotation). Results showed that the increase...
Impacts biomécaniques et ergonomiques de la manutention chez les travailleurs obèses
L’obésité est un problème émergent qui semble s’immiscer dans les problématiques de santé et sécurité du travail. La prévalence de blessures musculo-squelettiques chez les individus obèses et les coûts indirects (non médicaux) sont plus élevés que ceux des travailleurs ayant un poids santé. Sachant qu’une hausse soutenue du taux d’obésité chez les travailleurs est observée au Canada, il est important de s’intéresser à la problématique...
La restauration traditionnelle
Prévention des risques professionls Ce document, conçu par un groupe de travail constitué de professionnels de la restauration commerciale, de préventeurs et de médecins du travail. Il traite des différents risques professionnels dans les cuisines des établissements de restauration, sous forme de fiches de bonnes pratiques de santé et de sécurité au travail. Ces fiches sont destinées à aider le restaurateur dans son analyse et son évaluation des risques pour la santé des opérateurs et dans la...
An investigation into the use of plasterboard manual handling aids in construction
The purpose of this report is to investigate the manual handling and work related risk factors for MSD associated with the installation of plasterboard, and to evaluate the impact of manual handling aids in terms of risk reduction and the time taken to install plasterboard. Source : http://news.hse.gov.uk/2010/07/06/an-investigation-into-the-use-of-plasterboard-manual-handling-aids-in-construction/
Un DVD pour prévenir les risques chez les soignants
Le DVD « Soignants » nouvellement conçu par l'INRS s'adresse principalement aux décideurs en établissements de soins et aux soignants. A travers fictions courtes et reportages sont présentées les principales maladies professionnelles auxquelles sont confrontés les soignants. L'outil propose également des retours d'expérience de certaines structures. Les nouvelles conditions de travail et les méthodes de gestion davantage orientées vers les gains de productivité du secteur médical ont...
Manual handling risks associated with the care, treatment and transportation of bariatric patients and clients in Australia
The project to address the following research questions: > What are the OHS risks associated with manual handling of bariatric patients to which workers such as nurses, ambulance officers, fire fighters, and those in the funeral industry in Australia are exposed? > What measures (e.g. plans, policies, processes and equipment, supported by adequate training) have been introduced in Australia to reduce or eliminate the risks? > How effective are the above measures? > Where might further intervention be required to control the risk in Australian workplaces? The exploratory research project...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives