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Troubles musculosquelettiques et santé psychologique
Démarche de soutien aux activités de prise et de répartition des appels d'urgence 9-1-1 La présente étude constitue un prolongement des recherches antérieures ayant pour objectif de réduire les risques psychosociaux associés aux troubles musculosquelettiques et de santé psychologique chez les préposés des centres d'urgence 9-1-1. Elle se fonde plus précisément sur la précédente recherche (Toulouse et coll., 2011) dont les résultats suggéraient la nécessité...
A structural equation modelling method to describe work environment risk factors and musculoskeletal symptoms among hospital nurses
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies have shown that musculoskeletal symptoms are frequent occupational injury and disability among nurses in developing countries. Preventive measures were not able to reduce musculoskeletal disorders significantly in nursing profession. This study was performed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the association among risk factors in developing musculoskeletal symptoms. METHOD: A structural equation model was applied to describe and analyse complex causal relationships from sets of occupational variables involved in musculoskeletal symptoms. A questionnaire...
Effect of systematic ergonomic hazard identification and control implementation on musculoskeletal disorder and injury risk
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of an ergonomic hazard control (HC) initiative, undertaken as part of a company ergonomics standard, on worker injury risk. Methods: Using the company's ergonomic hazards database to identify jobs with and without ergonomic HC implementation and linking to individual job and injury histories, injury risk among person-jobs with HC implementation (the HC group) was compared to those with without HC (NoHC group) using random coefficient models. Further analysis of the HC group was conducted to determine the effect of additional ergonomic hazards...
TMS et facteurs psychosociaux
Dans ce numéro, intitulé « TMS et facteurs psychosociaux », la prévention des risques sera abordée dans une approche globale de la santé au travail. Les TMS sont sans cesse en augmentation dans un contexte de travail marqué par l'intensification, le cumul des contraintes et des évolutions rapides des métiers. Le partage de connaissances et de compétences entre chercheurs et praticiens, issus de plusieurs disciplines, est nécessaire pour faire progresser l'étiologie et les méthodes d'intervention...
International variation in absence from work attributed to musculoskeletal illness: findings from the CUPID study
Objectives To quantify the variation in rates of absence due to musculoskeletal pain across 47 occupational groups (mostly nurses and office workers) from 18 countries, and to explore personal and group-level risk factors that might explain observed differences. Methods A standardised questionnaire was used to obtain information about musculoskeletal pain, sickness absence and possible risk factors in a cross-sectional survey of 12 416 workers (92–1017 per occupational group). Additionally, group-level data on socioeconomic variables, such as sick pay and unemployment rates, were assembled...
Vibration and mechanical shock exposure strongly associated with prevalence of neck pain
The objective of this study was to determine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) and mechanical shock exposure from quad bike use are associated with the prevalence of neck and low back pain (LBP) in New Zealand farmers and rural workers. Physical exposures (mechanical shocks), employee status, and low levels of workplace satisfaction are all significantly associated with the 12-month prevalence of LBP in this rural workforce that regularly uses quad bikes. Both vibration and mechanical shock exposure were strongly associated with 12-month prevalence of neck pain. The 7-day prevalence of neck pain...
The Relationship Between Chronic Conditions and Work-Related Injuries and Repetitive Strain Injuries in Canada
Objective: To examine the relationships between arthritis, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and back problems, and the risk of work-related injuries (WRIs) and work-related repetitive strain injuries (RSIs).Methods: Using data from the 2003 and 2005 Canadian Community Health Surveys (n = 79,114), we examined the relationship between each chronic condition and WRIs and RSIs, adjusting for various demographic and work-related variables that may confound this relationship. Results : Statistically elevated risks were observed for arthritis and back problems for both WRIs and RSIs among both men...
Étude pour intervenir sur la réduction des troubles musculo-squelettiques et de santé psychologique dans les centres d’appels d’urgence 911 de la sécurité publique municipale
Une recherche multidisciplinaire a permis de mieux cerner les dimensions de la charge mentale en lien avec les TMS et les problèmes de santé psychologique des préposés des centres d’appels d’urgence 9-1-1, profession qui a été jusqu’à maintenant peu étudiée par les chercheurs. L’étude démontre que leur travail est loin d’être celui « d’un simple répartiteur d’appels » puisqu’ils doivent faire face avec efficacité à la gestion du flux...

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