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Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life?
Background As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model. Methods Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed...
Troubles musculo-squelettiques et facteurs psychosociaux au travail
Ce rapport présente l'état des connaissances scientifiques sur la façon dont les facteurs psychosociaux influencent les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS). Il analyse l'impact des TMS sur l'aptitude au travail et la qualité du travail. Près de 40 millions de travailleurs en Europe souffrent de TMS des membres et du dos, ce qui en fait la maladie professionnelle la plus répandue dans l'UE. L'objectif de ce rapport est d'influencer les efforts d'intervention et de fournir des recommandations scientifiquement fondées pour...
Mechanical and psychosocial work exposures: the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM)
Objectives: The aim of this study was to (i) construct and evaluate a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) for mechanical and psychosocial work exposures and (ii) test its predictive validity for low-back pain. Methods: We utilized data from the Norwegian nationwide Survey of Living Conditions on work environment in 2006 and 2009. We classified occupations on a 4-digit level based on the Norwegian version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88). The mechanical and psychosocial exposure information was collected by personal telephone interviews and included exposures...
Comorbid symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain and risk of long term sickness absence
Background: Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous presence of both symptoms, is well established in the literature. The aim for the current investigation was to investigate whether the presence of comorbid pain influences the associations between depressive symptoms and LTSA or if the presence of comorbid depressive symptoms influences associations between musculoskeletal pain and LTSA. Methods: A sample of 6572 Danish female health...
Ergonomic and psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal complaints in public sector administration
A joint monitoring approach with analysis of association Administration entails a high level of computerization with multiple risk factors (including psychosocial and of ergonomic nature), affecting worker health and well-being. An ergonomics researcher supported by a senior ergonomist and guided by a domain specific checklist assessed physical ergonomics of an organization, including 96 administrative workers in the assessment. Unstructured observations and interviews to the workers were also done. Socio-demographic, musculoskeletal health and psychosocial job data was collected from a composite...
Facteurs organisationnels et psychosociaux associés aux contraintes posturales en milieu professionnel
Résultats à partir de l'enquête Sumer 2010 Contexte: Parmi les contraintes biomécaniques associées aux troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS), les contraintes posturales (CP) font partie des plus fréquemment observées chez les travailleurs. L'objectif de cette étude était d'évaluer les associations entre l'exposition à des facteurs organisationnels et psychosociaux et celle à au moins une CP ≥10 h par semaine dans la population salariée française. Méthodes: Cette étude...
Are work organization interventions effective in preventing or reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders?
A systematic review of the literature Objectives: We sought to determine whether interventions that target work organization or the psychosocial work environment are effective in preventing or reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) compared to usual work. Methods: We systematically reviewed the 2000–2015 English and French language scientific literature, including studies evaluating the effectiveness of an organizational or psychosocial work intervention on incidence, prevalence or intensity of work-related musculoskeletal pain or disorders in the neck, shoulders, upper limbs...
Work-Related Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health Problems Associated with Musculoskeletal Pain in Nurses
A Cross-Sectional Study Background . Musculoskeletal pain is the most common cause of incapacity among nurses. This study aimed to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among hospital nurses and to explore the associations of work-related psychosocial factors and mental health problems with musculoskeletal pain. Methods . A cross-sectional survey was carried out among registered nurses at Tartu University Hospital during April and May 2011. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the associations between dependent and independent variables. Results . Analysis was based on 404 nurses...
Psychosocial Factors Related to Lateral and Medial Epicondylitis
Results From Pooled Study Analyses Objective: The goal is to assess the relationships between psychosocial factors and both medial and lateral epicondylitis after adjustment for personal and job physical exposures. Methods: One thousand eight hundred twenty-four participants were included in pooled analyses. Ten psychosocial factors were assessed. Results: One hundred twenty-one (6.6%) and 34 (1.9%) participants have lateral and medial epicondylitis, respectively. Nine psychosocial factors assessed had significant trends or associations with lateral epicondylitis, the largest of which was between...
Troubles musculosquelettiques et santé psychologique
Démarche de soutien aux activités de prise et de répartition des appels d'urgence 9-1-1 La présente étude constitue un prolongement des recherches antérieures ayant pour objectif de réduire les risques psychosociaux associés aux troubles musculosquelettiques et de santé psychologique chez les préposés des centres d'urgence 9-1-1. Elle se fonde plus précisément sur la précédente recherche (Toulouse et coll., 2011) dont les résultats suggéraient la nécessité...
Occupational and Biopsychosocial Risk Factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Objective: To investigate a biopsychosocial model of risk for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). In addition, a host of exploratory psychosocial variables was investigated as potential risk factors for CTS. Methods: A case–control design was used comparing 87 CTS and 74 sex-matched general orthopedic patients from an outpatient orthopedic clinic. All participants underwent the same diagnostic protocol (ie, physical evaluation and electrodiagnostic testing) and completed a self-report questionnaire assessing a wide range of potential occupational, personological, and psychosocial risk factors....
TMS et facteurs psychosociaux
Dans ce numéro, intitulé « TMS et facteurs psychosociaux », la prévention des risques sera abordée dans une approche globale de la santé au travail. Les TMS sont sans cesse en augmentation dans un contexte de travail marqué par l'intensification, le cumul des contraintes et des évolutions rapides des métiers. Le partage de connaissances et de compétences entre chercheurs et praticiens, issus de plusieurs disciplines, est nécessaire pour faire progresser l'étiologie et les méthodes d'intervention...
Musculoskeletal pain in Europe: the role of personal, occupational, and social risk factors
Objectives The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in European countries varies considerably. We analyzed data from the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) to explore the role of personal, occupational, and social risk factors in determining the national prevalence of musculoskeletal pain. Methods Over the course of 2010, 43 816 subjects from 34 countries were interviewed. We analyzed the one-year prevalence of back and neck/upper-limb pain. Individual-level risk factors studied included: sex; age; educational level; socioeconomic status; housework or cooking; gardening and repairs;...
Personal and workplace psychosocial risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome: a pooled study cohort
Background Between 2001 and 2010, six research groups conducted coordinated multiyear, prospective studies of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) incidence in US workers from various industries and collected detailed subject-level exposure information with follow-up symptom, physical examination, electrophysiological measures and job changes. Objective This analysis of the pooled cohort examined the incidence of dominant-hand CTS in relation to demographic characteristics and estimated associations with occupational psychosocial factors and years worked, adjusting for confounding by personal risk factors...
A prospective study of musculoskeletal outcomes among manufacturing workers: II. Effects of psychosocial stress and work organization factors
Objective : The aim of this study was to characterize associations between psychosocial and work organizational risk factors and upper-extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders. Background : Methodological limitations of previous studies of psychosocial and work organizational risk factors and musculoskeletal outcomes have produced inconsistent associations. Method : In this prospective epidemiologic study of 386 workers, questionnaires to assess decision latitude (“control”) and psychological job demands (“demand”) were administered to study participants and were...
La Cour des Comptes pointe les dysfonctionnements de la prise en charge des TMS
Dans son rapport annuel révélé le 12 février, la Cour des Comptes relève un système de reconnaissance trop souple. Le tableau 57, concernant les affections péri-articulaires provoquées par certains gestes et postures de travail, est le plus important et le plus dynamique. Mais paradoxalement c’est également celui dont les conditions sont le moins précisément définies. En comparant les données au niveau européen, le rapport de la Cour des Comptes souligne que la France est, avec L’Espagne...
Etude des facteurs de risque des troubles musculosquelettiques des membres supérieurs à La Poste
Cette étude descriptive réalisée auprès des agents de La Poste permet d'explorer certains facteurs individuels et d'autres liés à l'organisation et à l'environnement du travail qui sont associés au risque de TMS. Une analyse étiologique de type cas ­témoins mériterait d'être conduite pour tester ces hypothêses. Cependant, des pistes pour renforcer les actions de prévention sont d'ores et déjà définissables. Source : Hocne, M. N.; Dujaric, M. E. ; Arnaudo...
Actes du 3e congrès francophone sur les troubles musculosquelettiques
Le congrès 2011 est structuré autour de deux thèmes principaux, traversés par des préoccupations telles que l’évaluation des interventions et la spécificité des secteurs et des populations : quelle place accorder aux risques psychosociaux et aux outils pour prévenir les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) ? Les liens entre TMS et risques psychosociaux La médiatisation du thème des risques psychosociaux conduit à explorer leurs interactions avec la prévention des TMS. Quelles questions sur l’organisation...
Psychosocial precursors and physical consequences of workplace violence towards nurses
A longitudinal examination with naturally occurring groups in hospital settings BACKGROUND: Workplace violence towards nurses is prevalent and consequential, contributing to nurses' reduced health and safety, worsened job attitudes, and compromised productivity. OBJECTIVES: To examine if organizational violence prevention climate as perceived by nurses predicts nurses' physical violence exposure and if physical violence exposure predicts nurses' somatic symptoms and musculoskeletal disorder symptoms. DESIGN: A two-wave longitudinal design with naturally occurring groups, with a 6-month...
Risk factors for incidence of rotator cuff syndrome in a large working population
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of personal and work-related factors on the incidence of rotator cuff syndrome (RCS) in a large working population. Methods: A total of 3710 French workers were included in a cross-sectional study in 2002–2005. All completed a self-administered questionnaire about personal factors and work exposure. Using a standardized physical examination, occupational physicians established a diagnosis of RCS. Between 2007–2010, 1611 workers were re-examined. Associations between RCS and risk factors at baseline were analyzed by logistic...
Étude pour intervenir sur la réduction des troubles musculo-squelettiques et de santé psychologique dans les centres d’appels d’urgence 911 de la sécurité publique municipale
Une recherche multidisciplinaire a permis de mieux cerner les dimensions de la charge mentale en lien avec les TMS et les problèmes de santé psychologique des préposés des centres d’appels d’urgence 9-1-1, profession qui a été jusqu’à maintenant peu étudiée par les chercheurs. L’étude démontre que leur travail est loin d’être celui « d’un simple répartiteur d’appels » puisqu’ils doivent faire face avec efficacité à la gestion du flux...
When musculoskeletal conditions and mental disorders occur together
Musculoskeletal conditions and mental disorders cause few deaths but much pain, disability and distress. Both are common and are recognised as major health concerns. Their occurrence together in the same person (known as comorbidity) complicates their treatment and management. This bulletin presents the most reliable, robust and up-to-date estimates of the number of people with both musculoskeletal conditions and mental disorders; estimates that are important in assessing the need for integrated care. More than 6.1 million Australians aged 16–85 years suffer from a musculoskeletal condition...
Violence link to MSDs found in health-care study
Healthcare workers exposed to physical violence A new study found that healthcare workers who are exposed to physical violence at work experience significantly more often low back pain and other musculoskeletal symptoms. The study, 'Violence at work increases the risk of musculoskeletal pain among nursing-home workers', is published online in the Occupational and Environmental Medicine journal. Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/fi-fioh-violence-link-to-msds-found-in-health-care-study
Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden
Physical and psychosocial work environment "The number of jobs at recycling centres are increasing, at the same time as there are indications of work environment problems. The aim of this paper was to investigate physical and psychosocial working conditions for employees at recycling centres in Sweden, to describe how they were perceived, to compare differences between subgroups, and further to identify proposals for improvement. Employees at 42 recycling centres (n = 122) responded a postal questionnaire. Of these 32 employees from 16 recycling centres were interviewed, as also their employer...
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