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Facteurs organisationnels et psychosociaux associés aux contraintes posturales en milieu professionnel
Résultats à partir de l'enquête Sumer 2010 Contexte: Parmi les contraintes biomécaniques associées aux troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS), les contraintes posturales (CP) font partie des plus fréquemment observées chez les travailleurs. L'objectif de cette étude était d'évaluer les associations entre l'exposition à des facteurs organisationnels et psychosociaux et celle à au moins une CP ≥10 h par semaine dans la population salariée française. Méthodes: Cette étude...
Are work organization interventions effective in preventing or reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders?
A systematic review of the literature Objectives: We sought to determine whether interventions that target work organization or the psychosocial work environment are effective in preventing or reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) compared to usual work. Methods: We systematically reviewed the 2000–2015 English and French language scientific literature, including studies evaluating the effectiveness of an organizational or psychosocial work intervention on incidence, prevalence or intensity of work-related musculoskeletal pain or disorders in the neck, shoulders, upper limbs...
Organizing workplace health literacy to reduce musculoskeletal pain and consequences
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous initiatives to improve the working environment for nursing aides, musculoskeletal disorders (pain) is still a considerable problem because of the prevalence, and pervasive consequences on the individual, the workplace and the society. Discrepancies between effort and effect of workplace health initiatives might be due to the fact that pain and the consequences of pain are affected by various individual, interpersonal and organizational factors in a complex interaction. Recent health literacy models pursue an integrated approach to understanding health behavior and have...
Occupational exposures and sick leave during pregnancy
Results from a Danish cohort study Objective: This study aimed to investigate associations between work postures, lifting at work, shift work, work hours, and job strain and the risk of sick leave during pregnancy from 10–29 completed pregnancy weeks in a large cohort of Danish pregnant women. Methods: Data from 51 874 pregnancies in the Danish National Birth Cohort collected between 1996–2002 were linked to the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalization. Exposure information was based on telephone interviews. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated...
Musculoskeletal and neurological injuries associated with work organization among immigrant Latino women manual workers in North Carolina
BACKGROUND: This analysis examines the associations of work organization attributes among Latino women in manual occupations with musculoskeletal and neurological injuries. METHODS: Participants included 234 women in western North Carolina. Outcome measures included epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, back pain, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Independent measures included indicators of job demand, job control, and job support, as well as personal characteristics. RESULTS: Latina workers commonly experienced epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, back pain, and CTS. Awkward posture and decision latitude...
A prospective study of musculoskeletal outcomes among manufacturing workers: II. Effects of psychosocial stress and work organization factors
Objective : The aim of this study was to characterize associations between psychosocial and work organizational risk factors and upper-extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders. Background : Methodological limitations of previous studies of psychosocial and work organizational risk factors and musculoskeletal outcomes have produced inconsistent associations. Method : In this prospective epidemiologic study of 386 workers, questionnaires to assess decision latitude (“control”) and psychological job demands (“demand”) were administered to study participants and were...
Nouveau numéro de PISTES
Dans ce numéro, intitulé « Passerelle », il sera question du geste, utile à la fois pour mieux comprendre l’activité en situation de travail et pour agir sur la prévention durable des TMS. Deux contributions s’intéressent aux guides en santé et en sécurité du travail agissant comme relais de connaissances. Les changements organisationnels sont aussi scrutés au regard du bien-être émotionnel au travail. Le lecteur est également invité à prendre connaissance d’un nouvel...
Tenir au travail (dossier)
Ce dossier illustre les questionnements théoriques et méthodologiques que suscite la prise en compte de la dimension genre dans l'activité de travail. C. Teiger et F. Vouillot posent le constat du développement exponentiel des troubles musculo-squelettiques qui touchent beaucoup plus fréquemment les femmes et d'une augmentation des accidents de travail chez ces dernières alors qu'ils diminuent chez les hommes. Sont en cause l'activité de travail et ses conditions matérielles et organisationnelles, associées aux contraintes...
The Ergonomic Program Implementation Continuum (EPIC): Integration of health and safety
A process evaluation in the healthcare sector INTRODUCTION: This article presents a health and safety intervention model and the use of process evaluation to assess a participatory ergonomic intervention. METHOD: The effectiveness of the Ergonomic Program Implementation Continuum (EPIC) was assessed at six healthcare pilot sites in Ontario, Canada. The model provided a framework to demonstrate evaluation findings. RESULTS: Participants reported that EPIC was thorough and identified improvements related to its use. Participants believed the program contributed to advancing an organizational culture...
Work Organization and Musculoskeletal Health: Clinical Findings From Immigrant Latino Poultry Processing and Other Manual Workers
Objective: To determine the potential role of differential exposure to work organization hazards in musculoskeletal disorders among immigrant Latino workers. Method: Self-reported work organization data were obtained from immigrant Latino workers in poultry processing and nonpoultry, manual occupations (N = 742). Clinical evaluations for epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, and back pain were obtained from a subsample (n = 518). Results: Several work organization hazards (eg, low job control, high psychological demands) were elevated among poultry processing workers. Job control predicted epicondylitis...
The 11-item workplace organizational policies and practices questionnaire (OPP-11): examination of its construct validity, factor structure, and predictive validity in injured workers with upper-limb disorders
Background Reliable and valid measurement of workplace organizational policies and practices (OPPs) is needed to evaluate their influences on the prevention and management of occupational injuries. Methods Injured workers (n = 614) attending an upper-limb specialty clinic operated by the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board of Ontario were recruited for a 1-year study. The OPP-11, completed at baseline, was examined for scaling properties (floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, and item-convergent/discriminant validity), construct validity, and factor structure. Predictive validity for...
Ergonomics, health and working time organization
Dossier spécial dans Applied Ergonomics , Volume 42, Issue 2 (2011) This special issue of Applied Ergonomics includes eleven selected papers presented at the XIX International Symposium on Shift work and Working Time, held in San Servolo Island, Venice (Italy), on 2–6 August 2009, and jointly organized by the Scientific Committee on “Shift work and Working Time” of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), and the Working Time Society (WTS). This biannual event, now with a 40-year tradition (the first symposium was held in 1969), is aimed at providing...
Manual Handling Risks Grab Irish Authority's Attention
A new guidance document published by the Health and Safety Authority recommends ways to prevent back injuries and strains caused by handling heavy loads or lifting loads to an unsafe height. Ireland's Health and Safety Authority has posted a guidance document to help retail establishments prevent back injuries and strains that could result from manual handling of pallets, heavy boxes, and bulky consumer products at point of purchase, such as cases of bottled water. The agency noted that some work at retail establishments may involve a significant amount of physical activity, which can be hazardous...
La prévention s'adapte à la féminisation des métiers
Plus aucun métier ne paraît leur échapper. Elles sont présentes dans tous les secteurs professionnels et rien ne semble les arrêter… Elles, ce sont les femmes qui, en France, sont de plus en plus nombreuses à travailler : en dix ans, leur nombre a ainsi progressé de 1,5 million, et, actuellement, plus de 80 % des femmes âgées de 25 à 49 ans ont une activité professionnelle ou en recherchent une. Si elles exercent toujours majoritairement leur métier dans les secteurs de la santé, de l'aide à...
Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden
Physical and psychosocial work environment "The number of jobs at recycling centres are increasing, at the same time as there are indications of work environment problems. The aim of this paper was to investigate physical and psychosocial working conditions for employees at recycling centres in Sweden, to describe how they were perceived, to compare differences between subgroups, and further to identify proposals for improvement. Employees at 42 recycling centres (n = 122) responded a postal questionnaire. Of these 32 employees from 16 recycling centres were interviewed, as also their employer...
Un DVD pour prévenir les risques chez les soignants
Le DVD « Soignants » nouvellement conçu par l'INRS s'adresse principalement aux décideurs en établissements de soins et aux soignants. A travers fictions courtes et reportages sont présentées les principales maladies professionnelles auxquelles sont confrontés les soignants. L'outil propose également des retours d'expérience de certaines structures. Les nouvelles conditions de travail et les méthodes de gestion davantage orientées vers les gains de productivité du secteur médical ont...
La revue PISTES consacre son dernier numéro aux TMS
Dans la foulée d'une première conférence organisée à Nancy en 2005, se tenait à Montréal, en juin 2008, la 2 e conférence du Groupe de recherche francophone sur les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS). Organisée par l'IRSST et parrainée par la Société d'ergonomie de langue française (SELF) et l'Association canadienne d'ergonomie (ACE), cette conférence, De la recherche à l'action, réunissait plus de 250 participants : chercheurs, praticiens et acteurs des milieux...
Infirmières de nuit
Isolement et rôle de l'expérience Souvent méconnu et mal reconnu, même au sein de l'hôpital, le travail des infirmières de nuit n'en tient pas moins une place importante dans la continuité des soins. L'observation de cette activité dans deux unités de pneumologie permet d'en voir les particularités et les difficultés. La recherche en ergonomie, présentée ici, montre en effet que l'isolement des équipes de nuit (peu de contacts avec les médecins et le personnel de jour) ainsi...
Le e-learning pour comprendre les TMS
Un nouvel outil de compréhension en ligne pour les entreprises et les salariés Un module de e-learning (apprentissage en ligne) sur les Troubles musculosquelettiques est désormais accessible sur le site de l'Association Régionale pour l'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail en Picardie (CESTP-ARACT). D'une durée de 30 minutes, ce module librement consultable vise à sensibiliser les chefs d'entreprises, les DRH, les managers, les salariés et leurs représentants (CHSCT, DP,..) à ce que sont les TMS. "TMS ...

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