Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Charge physique » TMS (RSS)
Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
Caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles, reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle et devenir fonctionnel et professionnel de patients opérés d’un syndrome du canal carpien en Île-de-France (2009-2012)
Points clés Cette étude menée par Santé publique France en partenariat avec le Réseau Prévention Main Île-de-France (IdF), chez des patients opérés d'un syndrome du canal carpien (SCC), décrit les caractéristiques socio-professionnelles (CSP, déclaration en maladie professionnelle…) des patients et leurs liens avec la durée d'arrêt de travail. Parmi les patients en activité au cours des 10 ans précédant l'intervention, 59 % considéraient leur travail comme...
Évaluation de la prévalence des plaintes de troubles musculosquelettiques et du lien avec les contraintes de travail chez des électriciens du BTP
La prévalence des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) et les liens avec les contraintes de travail dans une population d'électriciens ont été étudiés par le questionnaire TMS de l'INRS, les échelles de Borg, des mesures de vibrations et des études de poste ergonomiques. Les principaux TMS concernaient le rachis, notamment lombaire, et le poignet droit, en lien avec une exposition intense à des contraintes posturales. Les TMS du poignet et de l'épaule étaient également liés à l'exposition...
Développement du monoripage et conditions de travail
Depuis quelques années se développe la pratique du monoripage, c'est-à-dire la collecte des déchets par un équipage constitué d'un opérateur de collecte et d'un chauffeur. Une étude menée par l'INRS révèle que dans les conditions observées une telle collecte est physiquement plus intense que celle réalisée en biripage. Elle présente alors un risque plus élevé de troubles musculosquelettiques et une astreinte cardiaque excessive. L'étude montre qu'il...
Reducing Physical Risk Factors in Construction Work Through a Participatory Intervention
Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Process Evaluation Background: Previous research has shown that reducing physical workload among workers in the construction industry is complicated. In order to address this issue, we developed a process evaluation in a formative mixed-methods design, drawing on existing knowledge of the potential barriers for implementation. Objective: We present the design of a mixed-methods process evaluation of the organizational, social, and subjective practices that play roles in the intervention study, integrating technical measurements to detect excessive physical exertion...
Associations between Wage System and Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders among Construction Workers
Piece rate and performance based wage systems are common in the construction industry. Construction workers are known to have an increased risk of pain and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). In this cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the association between wage system and (1) physical exertion, (2) time pressure, (3) pain, and (4) fatigue. The participants comprised 456 male Danish construction workers working on one of three different wage systems: group based performance wage, individually based performance wage, and time based wage system. The statistical analyses indicated differences...
Ischaemic heart disease among workers in occupations associated with heavy lifting
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a hypothesized positive association between employment in occupations where heavy lifting is likely to occur, and the risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male blue-collar workers from Denmark (N = 516 180) were monitored with respect to hospital treatment or death due to IHD, through national registers over the years 2001-2010. Poisson regression was used to estimate relative rates of IHD between "workers in occupations which, according to an expert opinion, are likely to involve heavy lifting" and "other blue-collar workers."...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
Patterns of biomechanical demands are associated with musculoskeletal pain in the beginning of professional life
A population-based study Objectives: This study aimed to describe patterns of occupational biomechanical demands in the beginning of professional life and to quantify their association with the presence and intensity of regional musculoskeletal pain. Methods :Cross-sectional data from 21-year-old participants were collected during the third wave of the EPITeen cohort study (N=1733, 37.5% were workers). Ten different work-related biomechanical tasks were characterized. Latent class analysis was conducted to identify empirical patterns of occupational biomechanical demands. The presence and intensity...
Patient transfers and assistive devices
Prospective cohort study on the risk for occupational back injury among healthcare workers Objectives : This prospective cohort study investigates work-related risk factors for occupational back injury among healthcare workers. Methods : The study comprised 5017 female healthcare workers in eldercare from 36 municipalities in Denmark who responded to a baseline and follow-up questionnaire in 2005 and 2006, respectively. Using logistic regression, the odds for occupational back injury (ie, sudden onset episodes) in 2006 from patient transfers in 2005 was modeled. Results : In the total study population...
Declining rates of work-related overexertion back injuries among union drywall installers in Washington State, 1989-2008
Improved work safety or shifting of care? INTRODUCTION: Construction workers are at high risk of work-related musculoskeletal back disorders, and research suggests medical care and costs associated with these conditions may be covered by sources other than workers' compensation (WC). Little is known about the back injury experience and care seeking behavior among drywall installers, a high-risk workgroup regularly exposed to repetitive activities, awkward postures, and handling heavy building materials. METHODS: Among a cohort of 24,830 Washington State union carpenters (1989-2008), including...
Qu'est-ce qui fait la pénibilité d'une posture contraignante ?
Une exploration à partir des données 2009-2010 du dispositif Evrest La pénibilité est entrée dans le débat social en tant qu’élément justifiant une éventuelle différenciation des conditions de départ en retraite. Les incapacités faisant suite à l’exposition à certaines contraintes seraient l’un des critères pris en compte pour justifier des départs plus précoces, mais aussi pour fonder une démarche de prévention. Source : http://evrest.istnf.fr/_admin...
Musculoskeletal injuries among hospital patient care staff before and after implementation of patient lift and transfer equipment
Objective: Using an observational research design and robust surveillance data, we evaluated rates of musculoskeletal (MS) injuries, days away from work, and restricted work days among patient care staff at a medical center and community hospital in the United States over 13 years, during which time a “minimal manual lift” policy and mechanical lift equipment were implemented. Methods: Workers’ compensation claims data were linked to human resources data to define outcomes of interest and person-time at risk to calculate rates. Poisson and negative binomial regression with lagging...
Ergonomic and Safety Climate Evaluation at a Brewery
HHE Program investigators evaluated concerns about musculoskeletal disorders on the can line and in the bottle depalletization areas at a brewery. Investigators determined that employees were at an increased risk for upper extremity work-related musculoskeletal disorders due to awkward postures, forceful exertions, and repetitive motions. Some employees reported that they felt uncomfortable reporting safety incidents or expressing their safety concerns. Investigators recommended that work areas be designed to have a working height between 27-62 inches and add rotating platforms to the height-adjustable...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives