Interventions to prevent and reduce the impact of musculoskeletal injuries among nurses

A systematic review
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among nurses compared to many other occupational groups.
Objective: To identify interventions that may be effective at reducing the prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal injuries and pain in registered nurses.
Results: Twenty studies met criteria for inclusion in the review. Types of interventions reported included: patient lift systems (N?=?8), patient handling training (N?=?3), multi-component interventions (N?=?7), cognitive behavioural therapy (N?=?1), and unstable shoes (N?=?1). Only two studies received a ‘strong' quality rating according to quality assessment criteria. One of these found no evidence for the effectiveness of patient handling training; the other found preliminary support for unstable shoes reducing self-reported pain and disability among nurses. Overall, evidence for each intervention type was limited.
Conclusions: There is an absence of high quality published studies investigating interventions to protect nurses from musculoskeletal injuries and pain. Further research (including randomised controlled trials) is needed to identify interventions that may reduce the high rates of injury and pain among nurses.

Source: Richardson, A., McNoe, B., Derrett, S. et Harcombe, H. (2018). International journal of nursing studies.

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