2014-11-01 12:00 - Messages

Rouler et manutentionner en sécurité

Les poids lourds sont rarement équipés de série d'outils et d'équipements permettant de réduire la pénibilité du travail du conducteur. Ces équipements optionnels sont mal connus des acheteurs de nouveaux véhicules alors qu'ils présentent un réel bénéfice pour le conducteur lors de la conduite, lors des manoeuvres, et lors de la manutention des charges. Cette brochure a pour objectif de présenter les équipements et les outils participant à la réduction de la pénibilité du travail des conducteurs routiers de poids lourds de plus de 3,5 tonnes, et leurs avantages dans la réduction des accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles dont ils sont victimes. L'ensemble des équipements présentés peuvent être acquis à la commande du véhicule ou installés en 2e monte.

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/produits/mediatheque/doc/publications.html?refINRS=ED%206189

Thanksgiving Ergonomics: Reducing material handling injuries with engineering controls

If you haven't purchased your 20 pound Thanksgiving turkey or your 10 pound bag of potatoes rest assured employees at your local grocery stores are busy restocking the shelves each day with your favorite Thanksgiving foods. It‘s hard enough lifting those items into your cart but what about the workers who haul those tons of turkeys, pounds of potatoes, and stock the shelves with green beans, cranberries, and stuffing? Nearly 2.5 million cashiers and stocking clerks are at risk for musculoskeletal injuries that stem from overexertion in grocery stores. According to Liberty Mutual Research Institute, overexertion is the leading cause of workplace injuries and account for $14.2 billion in direct costs. In the grocery sector, overexertion injuries that lead to soft tissue injuries, A.K.A. musculoskeletal disorders, account for 41% of the injuries and lost work in grocery stores.

Source: http://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2014/11/25/thanksgiving-ergo/

Psychophysiological responses in experienced firefighters undertaking repeated self-contained breathing apparatus tasks

In order to safely and effectively extinguish fires and rescue life, firefighters are required to routinely wear self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), yet little is known about the specific physiological and psychological demands associated with repeated exposure to tasks that require SCBA. A total of 12 experienced firefighters took part in a series of commonly encountered SCBA activities: free search, guideline search and live firefighting tasks under room temperature (∼20°C) and extreme heat (∼180°C) conditions to assess changes in heart rate, blood pressure, mood, perceived workload and air usage. Findings demonstrate that live firefighting is associated with greater perceived exhaustion than free search or guideline exercises; however, all tasks lead to high cardiovascular demand regardless of the presence of heat. No significant impact of task upon mood and no significant differences between the perceived demands of guideline, free search and live firefighting exercises were found.

Source: Young PM, Gibson AS, Partington E, Partington S, Wetherell MA. Ergonomics, 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2014.945490

How compatible are participatory ergonomics programs with occupational health and safety management systems?

Objectives :Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major cause of pain, disability, and costs. Prevention of MSD at work is frequently described in terms of implementing an ergonomics program, often a participatory ergonomics (PE) program. Most other workplace injury prevention activities take place under the umbrella of a formal or informal occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS). This study assesses the similarities and differences between OHSMS and PE as such knowledge could help improve MSD prevention activities.
Methods: Using the internationally recognized Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS 18001), 21 OHSMS elements were extracted. In order to define PE operationally, we identified the 20 most frequently cited papers on PE and extracted content relevant to each of the OHSAS 18001 elements.
Results: The PE literature provided a substantial amount of detail on five elements: (i) hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls; (ii) resources, roles, responsibility, accountability, and authority; (iii) competence, training and awareness; (iv) participation and consultation; and (v) performance measurement and monitoring. However, of the 21 OHSAS elements, the PE literature was silent on 8 and provided few details on 8 others.
Conclusions: The PE literature did not speak to many elements described in OHSMS and even when it did, the language used was often different. This may negatively affect the effectiveness and sustainability of PE initiatives within organizations. It is expected that paying attention to the approaches and language used in management system frameworks could make prevention of MSD activities more effective and sustainable.

Source: Yazdani A, Neumann P, Imbeau D, Bigelow P, Pagell M, Theberge N, Hilbrecht M, Wells R. Scand J Work Environ Health, 2014. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3467

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