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Beyond Determining Compliance: How Can Workers’ Compensation Insurers’ Exposure Data Be Improved and Used?
The workers' compensation system can be used for more than processing work-related illness or injury insurance claims. The data collected through this system provide valuable information to identify how these injuries and illnesses happen, so that they can be prevented. In recent years, use of workers' compensation injury and illness data in the public health field has grown. However, occupational exposure data (also known as industrial hygiene data) collected by many workers' compensation insurers is understudied. If analyzed, these data may help identify priority hazards and trends...
Prostate cancer surveillance by occupation and industry: the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)
As there are no well-established modifiable risk factors for prostate cancer, further evidence is needed on possible factors such as occupation. Our study uses one of the largest Canadian worker cohorts to examine occupation, industry, and prostate cancer and to assess patterns of prostate cancer rates. The Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC) was established by linking the 1991 Canadian Census Cohort to the Canadian Cancer Database (1969–2010), Canadian Mortality Database (1991–2011), and Tax Summary Files (1981–2011). A total of 37,695 prostate cancer cases...
Occupational-Related Chemical Injuries
A Review of the Literature Although few occupational chemical injuries are reported each year, the severity of these injuries increases their importance to occupational health nurses who intervene to prevent these injuries by understanding their nature and etiology. This article is a review of the literature detailing specific occupational chemical injuries as well as a review of common occupational chemical injuries in the United States focusing on pulmonary, ocular, and burn injuries. Source: Lurati A. Workplace Health Saf . 2015; 63(7): 284-287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2165079915576924
Exploring the Usefulness of Occupational Exposure Registries for Surveillance
The Case of the Ontario Asbestos Workers Registry (1986–2012) Objective: The ongoing presence of asbestos in products used across workplaces in Canada reinforces the importance of occupational exposure surveillance. This study evaluates the usefulness of the Ontario Asbestos Workers Registry. Methods: The study includes 30,829 workers aged 15 to 80 years. Researchers reported on the data quality and analyzed the proportions of workers exposed by industry, and standardized rates by geographic areas and over time. Results: The incidence of exposure started to decrease around 1990; but about...
Asbestos-related Disease Indicators 2014
This is the third Safe Work Australia report on Asbestos-related Disease Indicators. In this report, mesothelioma and asbestosis have been used to indicate the extent of asbestos-caused disease in Australia. The report uses data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, New South Wales Dust Diseases Board, National Data Set for Compensation-based Statistics, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/asbestos-related-disease-indicators-2014
Estimation du nombre de cancers d'origine professionnelle au Québec
Comme dans la majorité des pays industrialisés, le cancer constitue la première cause de décès au Québec : en 2013, on estime à 20 200 le nombre de décès par cancer et à 48 700 le nombre de nouveaux diagnostics de cancer. La cancérogénèse est un processus multifactoriel et complexe, qui débute plusieurs années avant que le cancer n'apparaisse cliniquement. Un cancer est considéré d'origine professionnelle lorsqu'il résulte de l'exposition, en milieu de travail...
Mortality and cancer incidence in a pooled cohort of US firefighters from San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia (1950–2009)
From previous studies, there is limited epidemiological evidence of increased risk of cancer from firefighting. We examined cancer in 30 000 career firefighters by pooling information from urban fire departments in three large US cities. The large sample size and long follow-up period improved risk estimates compared with previous studies. We report that firefighting may be associated with increased risk of solid cancers. Furthermore, we report a new finding of excess malignant mesothelioma among firefighters, suggesting the presence of an occupational disease from asbestos hazards in the workplace...
The burden of occupational cancer in Great Britain
Overview report The aim of this project was to produce an updated estimate of the current burden of cancer for Great Britain resulting from occupational exposure to carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. The primary measure of the burden of cancer was the attributable fraction (AF) being the proportion of cases that would not have occurred in the absence of exposure; and the AF was used to estimate the number of attributable deaths and registrations. The study involved obtaining data on the risk of the cancer due to the exposure of interest, taking into account confounding factors and overlapping...
EWCS 2010 - Physical factors
Physical hazards as persistent as ever European workers remain as exposed to physical hazards as they did 20 years ago, the 5th European Working Conditions Survey shows. For instance, one in three workers (33%) carry heavy loads at least a quarter of their working time, while almost one in four (23%) are exposed to vibrations. Both these figures are unchanged since 2000. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/surveys/ewcs/2010/physicalfactors.htm

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