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Analyse des différences de durées d’indemnisation selon le sexe et le groupe d’âge
Les indicateurs statistiques de santé et de sécurité du travail produits depuis plusieurs années par l'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) montrent que la durée moyenne d'indemnisation des lésions professionnelles ayant occasionné une perte de temps indemnisée (PTI) a presque doublé en 15 ans. Alors que l'écart de durées moyennes d'indemnisation entre les femmes et les hommes diminue au fil des années, celui entre chaque groupe...
Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés
Sur la période 2013-2017, l'Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d'origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recensés en France. Sur la même période, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont été reconnues par an, liées majoritairement à des troubles musculo-squelettiques. Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part liée à l'amiante est prépondérante (80 % sur la période 2013-2017). Il s'agit de cancers du poumon...
Cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle : Évolution statistique, actions de prévention et d’accompagnement des salariés exposés
Le site Ameli - Risques professionnels met en ligne un numéro de "Santé travail : enjeux et actions" sur les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Sont abordés notamment l'évolution du nombre de cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle sur la période 1997-2017, les résultats de l'enquête SUMER de 2010, la reconnaissance des cancers professionnels en Europe ainsi que les actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés. Source : https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante...
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation — United States, 2013–2017
Summary What is already known about this topic? Approximately 25% of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have never smoked, and workplace exposures likely contribute to much of their disease. What is added by this report? During 2013–2017, an estimated 2.4 million (2.2%) U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years who never smoked had COPD. The highest COPD prevalences among persons who never smoked were in the information (3.3%) and mining (3.1%) industries and office and administrative support occupation workers (3.3%). Women had higher COPD prevalences than did men. What...
Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
Des informations en ligne sur les tendances en matière de blessures au travail (É-U)
Le Conseil national de la sécurité (États-Unis) a mis en ligne une version en ligne du Injury Facts reference book, une référence en matière de données statistiques en sécurité au travail. Cette ressource gratuite comprend une section sur la sécurité au travail qui inclut les tendances en matière de blessures et de décès liés au travail et la manière de comparer les taux d’incidence des blessures et des maladies d’une organisation aux moyennes nationales. Les informations...
Safe Work Australia - Priority industry snapshots 2018
These snapshots provide WHS insights into the industries identified as a priority in the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022 . Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/priority-industry-snapshots-2018
Mortalité par suicide des salariés affiliés au régime agricole en activité entre 2007 et 2013
Description et comparaison à la population générale Introduction – Un excès de mortalité par suicide des travailleurs du secteur agricole a été mis en évidence en France et à l'étranger. À notre connaissance, aucune étude n'a porté précédemment sur la mortalité par suicide des salariés agricoles affiliés à la Mutualité sociale agricole (MSA). Les objectifs de l'étude étaient de décrire la mortalité par suicide des...
Étude nationale de l’asthme actuel selon le secteur d’activité chez les artisans et commerçants en activité en 2013
Introduction – L’asthme relève de causes multiples, parmi lesquelles les facteurs professionnels contribuent pour environ 15% des cas. Afin de documenter la situation dans la population spécifique des artisans/commerçants, la prévalence d’asthme actuel a été estimée et déclinée selon les secteurs d’activité professionnelle. Méthode – L’étude a porté sur l’ensemble des artisans et des commerçants en activité affiliés à la Sécurité...
Worsening Workers' Health by Lowering Retirement Age: The Malign Consequences of a Benign Reform
In 2003, the retirement age of Swiss construction workers was lowered from 65 to 60. This reform has been intended to improve their health. Our study shows the opposite outcome. The human capital theory suggests that investments in employees' productivity by the employer and the employees themselves depend on the time remaining until their retirement. Hence, we hypothesize that pension reforms that reduce employees' working horizon decrease investments in work-related human capital, which translates into a higher prevalence of sickness absences, a longer absence duration, and worse health...
Testing a Strategy to Identify Incidence of Nurse Suicide in the United States
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test a strategy for quantifying incidence of nurse suicide using San Diego County data as a pilot for national investigation. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 1 person dies by suicide every 40 seconds; more than 1 000 000 suicides occur yearly. Suicide rates for nurses in the United States have not been evaluated. This methodological article tested a strategy to identify incidence of nurse suicide compared with those of physicians and the general public. METHOD: Deidentified San Diego County Medical Examiner data from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed with a descriptive epidemiologic...
A study of leading indicators for occupational health and safety management systems in healthcare
Background: In Ontario, Canada, approximately $2.5 billion is spent yearly on occupational injuries in the healthcare sector. The healthcare sector has been ranked second highest for lost-time injury rates among 16 Ontario sectors since 2009 with female healthcare workers ranked the highest among all occupations for lost-time claims. There is a great deal of focus in Ontario's occupational health and safety system on compliance and fines, however despite this increased focus, the injury statistics are not significantly improving. One of the keys to changing this trend is the development of...
Fatal Falls Overboard in Commercial Fishing - United States 2000-2016
Commercial fishing is one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States, with a 2016 work-related fatality rate (86.0 deaths per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers) 23 times higher than that for all U.S. workers (3.6). Sinking vessels cause the most fatalities in the industry; however, falling from a fishing vessel is a serious hazard responsible for the second highest number of commercial fishing–associated fatalities (2,3). CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed data on unintentional fatal falls overboard in the U.S. commercial fishing industry...
Programme COSMOP : surveillance de la mortalité par cause selon l’activité professionnelle
Analyse de la mortalité et des causes de décès par secteur d'activité de 1976 à 2005 Le programme de surveillance Cosmop a pour objectif principal de décrire de façon systématique et régulière, à l'échelle de la population française, la répartition des décès pour différentes causes, selon des caractéristiques professionnelles. Source: https://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/Actualites/Mortalite-en-France-un-rapport-met-en-evidence-de-tres-grandes-disparites...
Mental Health Expenditures
Association with Workplace Incivility and Bullying Among Hospital Patient Care Workers Objective: Bullied workers have poor self-reported mental health; monetary costs of bullying exposure are unknown. We tested associations between bullying and health plan claims for mental health diagnoses. Methods: We used data from 793 hospital workers who answered questions about bullying in a survey and subscribed to the group health plan. We used two-part models to test associations between types of incivility/bullying and mental health expenditures. Results: Workers experiencing incivility or bullying had...
Nonfatal Injuries to Law Enforcement Officers: A Rise in Assaults
Introduction: Limited studies exist that describe nonfatal work-related injuries to law enforcement officers. The aim of this study is to provide national estimates and trends of nonfatal injuries to law enforcement officers from 2003 through 2014. Methods: Nonfatal injuries were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System−Occupational Supplement. Data were obtained for injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments from 2003 to 2014. Nonfatal injury rates were calculated using denominators from the Current Population Survey. Negative binomial regression was used to analyze...
Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17 299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub...
Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012
Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector. Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined. Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector...
Observatoire des troubles musculo-squelettiques des actifs agricoles
Bilan 2011-2015 Toute démarche de prévention devant nécessairement s'appuyer sur un état des lieux, ce bilan national permet de connaître plus précisément les caractéristiques en France des Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques (TMS) dans le secteur agricole. Les principaux objectifs de cette étude sont de : - suivre, sur les cinq dernières années, l'évolution annuelle d'indicateurs spécifiques pour les TMS des actifs agricoles dont les données ou caractéristiques sont connues et consolidées...
Les blessures professionnelles et leurs déterminants
Mieux comprendre le rôle du secteur industriel et de la profession L'ampleur actuelle de la morbidité et de la mortalité liées aux blessures professionnelles (c.-à-d. accidents du travail, troubles liés aux mouvements répétitifs) pèse lourd sur la productivité des travailleurs, des entreprises et de la société canadienne. Annuellement, les données révèlent qu'un Canadien sur quinze est blessé dans l'exercice de son travail, alors que les coûts économiques générés...
Linking Compensation and Health Surveillance Data Sets to Improve Knowledge of US Coal Miners’ Health
Objective: Increase knowledge of US coal miners’ respiratory health by linking data from the black lung benefits program (BLBP) and the coal workers’ health surveillance program (CWHSP). Methods: BLBP claims data from 2000 through 2013 was linked to CWHSP data from 1970 through 2016. Results: Overall, 273,644 miners participated in CWHSP, 37,548 in BLBP, and 22,903 in both programs. Median age of miners at their time of first/only participation in CWHSP was 28 and 32 years, respectively. BLBP claimants were older (median age 59). Thirty-nine percent of BLBP claimants had not participated...
Struck-by Injuries and Prevention in the Construction Industry
Struck-by hazards are a leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries in construction, and have been defined as one of the Focus Four hazards identified by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (the other hazards are falls, caught-in-between, and electrocution; OSHA 2011). Struckby injuries can occur in many different ways. To prevent construction workers from struck-by injuries, specific hazards and working environments should be taken into account for safety and health intervention programs. This Quarterly Data Report includes data on deaths and injuries from being struck...
Oil and Gas Extraction Worker Fatalities 2014
This report describes fatal incidents identified by the NIOSH Fatalities in Oil and Gas Extraction (FOG) database that occurred in 2014. The purpose of FOG is to collect detailed information about worker fatalities related to U.S. oil and gas extraction. This report provides updates to fatalities published in the Oil and Gas Extraction Worker Fatalities, 2014 Mid-year Report: January 1, 2014–June 30, 2014, and also includes fatalities from the second half of the year. It is intended to serve as a resource for health and safety professionals, managers, and other stakeholders in identifying...
Regional Commercial Fishing Fatality Summaries (2010-2014)
NIOSH recently completed an analysis of commercial fishing fatalities in the United States for the years 2010-2014 in order to identify current hazards among fisheries in different regions of the country: Alaska, West Coast, East Coast, and the Gulf of Mexico. Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/fishing/pubs.html
Burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise
A quantification of healthy life years lost in Sweden This paper provides the first estimation of the health burden in terms of disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) of noise from the transport sector in Sweden. Assessments of health impacts of noise on a national level are still rare, but provide valuable tools for policymakers in order to prevent and abate environmental noise exposure. Source: Eriksson, C., Bodin, T., & Selander, J. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3653
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