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Worsening Workers' Health by Lowering Retirement Age: The Malign Consequences of a Benign Reform
In 2003, the retirement age of Swiss construction workers was lowered from 65 to 60. This reform has been intended to improve their health. Our study shows the opposite outcome. The human capital theory suggests that investments in employees' productivity by the employer and the employees themselves depend on the time remaining until their retirement. Hence, we hypothesize that pension reforms that reduce employees' working horizon decrease investments in work-related human capital, which translates into a higher prevalence of sickness absences, a longer absence duration, and worse health...
Struck-by Injuries and Prevention in the Construction Industry
Struck-by hazards are a leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries in construction, and have been defined as one of the Focus Four hazards identified by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (the other hazards are falls, caught-in-between, and electrocution; OSHA 2011). Struckby injuries can occur in many different ways. To prevent construction workers from struck-by injuries, specific hazards and working environments should be taken into account for safety and health intervention programs. This Quarterly Data Report includes data on deaths and injuries from being struck...
Occupational risks, accidents on sites and economic performance of construction firms
This paper examines the relationships among site risk, accident rate and firm economic performance in construction industry. We first assess safety levels on site using a specific tool we have developed, CONSRAT. We have examined during 6 years (2004–2009) 502 construction sites of 272 Spanish companies in Mallorca. We built a panel data with these safety assessments, the firm financial performance and the accident rates. Our general hypotheses are that risk on site has an effect on accident rates and the accident rates affects firm economic performance. On one hand, we obtain a significant...
Preventing fatalities in the construction industry
The Associated General Contractors (AGC) of America commissioned this study with the goal of taking a deeper dive into existing information on fatalities with an eye towards learning new methods of preventing worker fatalities in the construction industry. The study, conducted by the Myers-Lawson School of Construction at Virginia Tech, involved analyzing detailed, confidential fatality reports from 2010-2012 because the industry wants to develop employer-employee strategies to reduce the risk of workers being injured. Source: https://www.agc.org/sites/default/files/Files/Safety%20%26%20Health...
Les formations à la prévention dans les entreprises artisanales du BTP - Enquête nationale
77 % des chefs d'entreprise questionnés déclarent avoir participé à au moins une action de formation, mais seulement 23 % en ont suivi une sur la sécurité au cours des deux dernières années, selon une enquête pour la Capeb, la CNATP, l'Iris-ST et l'OPPBTP. L'enquête révèle également que les chefs d'entreprise ont tendance à privilégier les formations à la sécurité pour leurs salariés plus que pour eux-mêmes. Parmi les freins avancés...
Fatal traumatic brain injuries in the construction industry, 2003-2010
Background: Research on fatal work-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) is limited. This study describes fatal TBIs in the US construction industry. Methods: Fatal TBIs were extracted from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Results: From 2003 to 2010, 2,210 fatal TBIs occurred in construction at a rate of 2.6 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers. Workers aged 65 years and older had the highest fatal TBI rates among all workers (7.9 per 100,000 FTE workers). Falls were the most frequent injury event (n = 1,269, 57%). Structural iron and...
Aging Workers and Trade-Related Injuries in the US Construction Industry
The study was designed to identify any trends of injury type as it relates to the age and trade of construction workers. The participants for this study included any individual who, while working on a heavy and highway construction project in the Midwestern United States, sustained an injury during the specified time frame of when the data were collected. During this period, 143 injury reports were collected. The four trade/occupation groups with the highest injury rates were laborers, carpenters, iron workers, and operators. Data pertaining to injuries sustained by body part in each age group...
Workers' compensation claims for musculoskeletal disorders and injuries of the upper extremity and knee among union carpenters in Washington State, 1989-2008
BACKGROUND: Numerous aspects of construction place workers at risk of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries (MSDIs). Work organization and the nature of MSDIs create surveillance challenges. METHODS: By linking union records with workers' compensation claims, we examined 20-year patterns of MSDIs involving the upper extremity (UE) and the knee among a large carpenter cohort. RESULTS: MSDIs were common and accounted for a disproportionate share of paid lost work time (PLT) claims; UE MSDIs were three times more common than those of the knee. Rates declined markedly over time and were most pronounced...
The examination of workers' compensation for occupational fatalities in the construction industry
Construction is one of the most hazardous and risky industries. Construction accidents may result in numerous damages and losses. Workers' compensation is an important source for estimating the costs of construction accidents. In this article, the applicable laws for occupational injuries and the compensation statistics for construction accidents are examined to identify the characteristics of construction accident compensation in Taiwan. Accident reports during the period 1999–2011 are extracted from case reports of the Northern Region Inspection Office of the Council of Labor Affairs...
Accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles du BTP - 2013
Selon les statistiques de l’Assurance maladie – Risques professionnels, le BTP demeure le secteur d’activité présentant le plus haut niveau de risque. En 2013, on observe une diminution du nombre total d’accidents (- 6,6 %). Le nombre des maladies professionnelles diminue également (-3,2 %), les affections périarticulaires représentant à elles seules plus de 77 % des cas. Source: http://www.inrs.fr/actualites/statistiques-BTP-2014.html
Une approche économique de la prévention
D'après 101 cas étudiés en entreprise En quoi la performance économique peut-elle devenir un argument pour la prévention ? La plupart des dirigeants d'entreprise considèrent que la prévention représente un coût net pour l'entreprise. Au travers de cette étude, l'OPPBTP montre que les actions menées en entreprise en faveur de la prévention et de l'amélioration des conditions de travail sont en réalité des facteurs économiques positifs pour l'entreprise et transposables...
Chantiers de construction
Prévention des risques, logistique et avantage économique Cette brochure est destinée aux différents acteurs d'un projet de construction, notamment aux maîtres d'oeuvre, aux coordonnateurs SPS et aux maîtres d'ouvrage. Ces différents acteurs ont pour obligation de prendre en compte la sécurité et la protection de la santé des travailleurs lors de la conception et de la réalisation des ouvrages. Mais on constate que les aspects économiques des conditions de travail sont généralement peu pris...
Occupational fatalities in the construction sector
A medico-legal viewpoint Occupational fatalities are those that occur during the course of a person's occupation. They can occur in any industry or sector. Studies have shown that the construction sector is more dangerous for workers than the industrial sector, and there are more deaths both in the developed and developing countries. The construction sector has seen a boom in countries like India over the past few years and with it an increase in the number of occupational fatalities. Three different types of occupational fatalities pertaining to construction sector are presented here to increase...
Fatal events in residential roofing
Residential roofing is a high risk occupation, more than nine times as risky as the average occupation and more than three times as risky as the average construction trade. To better understand the factors involved in residential roofing fatalities, 112 case reports filed by Occupational Safety and Health investigators for the years 2005-2010 were examined. In almost all of the recorded cases there was no adherence to the then current safety standards. It was found that there was little or no appropriate use of fall protection practices or equipment and that employer planning and employee training...
A method to estimate occupational health and safety costs in construction projects
This paper presents the results of a research project carried out in Spain that aims to develop a method that let employers to assess, during the design phase, the occupational health and safety costs of a specific construction project. This method classifies costs in four categories: insurance costs, prevention costs, accident costs, and recovery of costs. Labor accident data were obtained from 1990 to 2007 for the entire Spanish construction industry, and these data were subsequently homogenized and exploited. A mathematical model was created for computing each cost category. This method allows...
Fatal falls in the U.S. residential construction industry
BACKGROUND: Falls from heights remain the most common cause of workplace fatalities among residential construction workers in the United States. METHODS: This paper examines patterns and trends of fall fatalities in U.S. residential construction between 2003 and 2010 by analyzing two large national datasets. RESULTS: Almost half of the fatalities in residential construction were from falls. In the residential roofing industry, 80% of fatalities were from falls. In addition, about one-third of fatal falls in residential construction were among self-employed workers. Workers who were older than 55...
Construction worker fatalities related to trusses
An analysis of the OSHA fatality and catastrophic incident database This study was conducted to gain a better understanding of the risks associated with truss installation in building projects. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fatality and catastrophic incident database was analyzed for the years inclusive of 1990-2009. The database includes over 15,000 incidents, 211 of which pertain to trusses. The incidents were analyzed as to the number of fatalities per incident, the type of truss, the truss material, the activity taking place at the time of the accident, the release...
Accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles du BTP
Les statistiques 2012 de l’Assurance maladie – Risques professionnels Selon les statistiques de l’Assurance maladie – Risques professionnels, le BTP demeure le secteur d’activité présentant le plus haut niveau de risque. En 2012, on observe une diminution du nombre total d’accidents (-6 %) Les accidents mortels sont également à la baisse (- 9 %). Le nombre des maladies professionnelles est en très légère hausse (+ 1,5 %), les affections périarticulaires représentant à elles seules près...
Occupational fatality risks in the United States and the United Kingdom
Background There are very few careful studies of differences in occupational fatality rates across countries, much less studies that try to account for those differences. Methods We compare the rate of work injury fatalities (excluding deaths due to highway motor vehicle crashes and those due to violence) identified by the US Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in recent years with the number reported to the Health and Safety Executive in the United Kingdom (UK) and by other European Union (EU) members through Eurostat. Results In 2010, the fatality rate in the UK was about 1/3 the rate in the...
Accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles du BTP : Les statistiques 2011
Selon les statistiques de l’Assurance maladie – Risques professionnels, le BTP demeure le secteur d’activité présentant le plus haut niveau de risque. En 2011, on observe une légère diminution du nombre total d’accidents (-3 %) mais hausse importante des accidents mortels (+ 22.8 %). Le nombre des maladies professionnelles est en légère augmentation (+ 9%), les affections périarticulaires représentant à elles seules 78 % des cas. Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/statistiques-BTP-2011.html
CFOI Report Shows 666 Fatal Workplace Falls in 2011
The Bureau of Labor Statistics released its 2011 summary of the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries data on Sept. 20, reporting a preliminary total of 4,609 fatal work injuries for the year. That is below the final count of 4,690 in 2010, but BLS also noted final counts in the past three years have added an average of 166 deaths to the total -- so it's still possible 2011's worker death count will exceed the prior year's. Source : http://ohsonline.com/articles/2012/09/20/cfoi-report.aspx
782 consecutive construction work accidents: who is at risk?
A 10-year analysis from a Swiss university hospital trauma unit BACKGROUND: Mortality and morbidity are particularly high in the building industry. The annual rate of non-fatal occupational accidents in Switzerland is 1,133 per 100,000 inhabitants. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the electronic database of a university emergency centre. Between 2001 and 2011, 782 occupational accidents to construction workers were recorded and analysed using specific demographic and medical keywords. RESULTS: Most patients were aged 30-39 (30.4%). 66.4% of the injured workers were foreigners. This is almost...
States with low non-fatal injury rates have high fatality rates and vice-versa
Background : State-level injury rates or fatality rates are sometimes used in studies of the impact of various safety programs or other state policies. How much does the metric used affect the view of relative occupational risks among U.S. states? This paper uses a measure of severe injuries (fatalities) and of less severe injuries (non-fatal injuries with days away from work, restricted work, or job transfer–DART) to examine that issue. Methods : We looked at the correlation between the average DART injury rate (from the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses) and an adjusted...
US: New Findings Show Construction Workers Face Higher Occupational Risks
Dr. Sue Dong of CPWR - the US Center for Construction Research and Training - recently presented new research findings at the American Public Health Association conference, showing that construction workers have a significantly higher lifetime risk of premature death due to occupational injury (1/200 chance of dying from a work-related injury over a 45-year career). Given that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration considers a lifetime risk of 1 death in 1,000 workers to be significant, the findings of Dr. Dong et al. are important. Source : Presentation : www.cpwr.com/pdfs/Dong_APHA_Lifetime...
Statistiques accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles dans le BTP
Ce dossier traite des statistiques pour le secteur de la construction en 2009. Situation et évolution du nombre et de la gravité des accidents et des maladies chez les salariés du BTP sont présentées. Le dossier web de l'INRS : Source : www.inrs.fr/dossiers/statbtp.html
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