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Suicides and deaths of undetermined intent among veterinary professionals from 2003 through 2014
OBJECTIVE: To analyze data for death of veterinary professionals and veterinary students, with manner of death characterized as suicide or undetermined intent from 2003 through 2014. SAMPLE: Death records for 202 veterinary professionals and veterinary students. PROCEDURES: Decedents employed as veterinarians, veterinary technicians or technologists, or veterinary assistants or laboratory animal caretakers and veterinary students who died by suicide or of undetermined intent were identified through retrospective review of National Violent Death Reporting System records. Standardized mortality ratios...
Suicide and drug-related mortality following occupational injury
BACKGROUND: Drug overdoses and suicides have been rising since 2000 and are major contributors to a 3-year decline in US life expectancy. Studies suggest that injured workers have elevated rates of depression and opioid use, but no studies have measured excess mortality related to these risks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We linked New Mexico workers' compensation data for 100 806 workers injured in 1994 through 2000 with Social Security Administration earnings and mortality data through 2013 and National Death Index cause of death data. We then estimated the association between receiving lost-time...
Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles
Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les résultats de l' enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences émotionnelles. Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences émotionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences émotionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie...
Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers
Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations...
Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
Contraintes physiques et intensité du travail
Ce numéro de Synthèse. Stat' présente les résultats de l'enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux contraintes physiques et à l'intensité du travail. Cette partie recouvre un des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : l'intensité du travail et temps de travail (axe 1). Conformément aux principes de l'enquête Conditions de...
Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group - 17 States, 2012 and 2015
During 2000–2016, the suicide rate among the U.S. working age population (persons aged 16–64 years) increased 34%, from 12.9 per 100,000 population to 17.3 ( https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars ). To better understand suicide among different occupational groups and inform suicide prevention efforts, CDC analyzed suicide deaths by Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) major groups for decedents aged 16–64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) ( https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs ). The occupational...
Mortalité par suicide des salariés affiliés au régime agricole en activité entre 2007 et 2013
Description et comparaison à la population générale Introduction – Un excès de mortalité par suicide des travailleurs du secteur agricole a été mis en évidence en France et à l'étranger. À notre connaissance, aucune étude n'a porté précédemment sur la mortalité par suicide des salariés agricoles affiliés à la Mutualité sociale agricole (MSA). Les objectifs de l'étude étaient de décrire la mortalité par suicide des...
Testing a Strategy to Identify Incidence of Nurse Suicide in the United States
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test a strategy for quantifying incidence of nurse suicide using San Diego County data as a pilot for national investigation. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 1 person dies by suicide every 40 seconds; more than 1 000 000 suicides occur yearly. Suicide rates for nurses in the United States have not been evaluated. This methodological article tested a strategy to identify incidence of nurse suicide compared with those of physicians and the general public. METHOD: Deidentified San Diego County Medical Examiner data from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed with a descriptive epidemiologic...
Mental Health Expenditures
Association with Workplace Incivility and Bullying Among Hospital Patient Care Workers Objective: Bullied workers have poor self-reported mental health; monetary costs of bullying exposure are unknown. We tested associations between bullying and health plan claims for mental health diagnoses. Methods: We used data from 793 hospital workers who answered questions about bullying in a survey and subscribed to the group health plan. We used two-part models to test associations between types of incivility/bullying and mental health expenditures. Results: Workers experiencing incivility or bullying had...
Gendered Pathways to Burnout: Results from the SALVEO Study
Burnout is a pervasive mental health problem in the workforce, with mounting evidence suggesting ties with occupational and safety outcomes such as work injuries, critical events and musculoskeletal disorders. While environmental [work and non-work, work-to-family conflict (WFC)] and individual (personality) pathways to burnout are well documented, little is known about how gender comes to influence such associative patterns. The aim of the study consisted in examining gendered pathways to burnout. The study analysed data derived from the SALVEO study, a cross-sectional study of 2026 workers from...
2017 Work and Well-Being Survey
At a time of change and uncertainty across the country, American adults who have been affected by change at work are more likely to report chronic work stress, less likely to trust their employer and more likely to say they plan to leave the organization within the next year compared with those who haven't been affected by organizational change, according to a survey released by the American Psychological Association. Half of American workers (50 percent) say they have been affected by organizational changes in the last year, are currently being affected by organizational changes or expect...
Return to work: A comparison of psychological and physical injury claims
The report examines the similarities and differences between psychological and physical claims. Two main areas are considered: RTW by potential influencing factors, and employees responses and experiences. Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/return-work-comparison-psychological-and-physical-injury-claims
Global patterns of workplace productivity for people with depression
Absenteeism and presenteeism costs across eight diverse countries Purpose: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries. Methods: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries...
The Economic Impact of Psychological Distress in the Australian Coal Mining Industry
Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the economic impact of psychological distress among employees of the Australian Coal Mining Industry. Methods: Sample data were gathered from 1456 coal mining staff across eight sites in two Australian states. Two measures were taken of work time lost over four weeks due to psychological distress: (1) full-day absences; (2) presenteeism. Lost work time was valued using hourly wages. Sample data was modeled to estimate annual monetary losses for the Australian Coal Mining Industry. Results: For the sample, estimated annual value of time lost due to...
Statistiques sur les lésions attribuables au stress en milieu de travail
Ce document présente des statistiques diverses sur les lésions attribuables au stress en milieu de travail. Il comporte trois parties. La première décrit la population étudiée. La seconde expose les faits saillants. La troisième est constituée de 31 tableaux de données statistiques. Enfin, une annexe précise certains détails sur l'extraction des données.? Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_321.aspx
Australia - Work-related mental disorders profile 2015
The publication provides a concise and factual statistical profile of mental disorders as compensated by Australian workers’ compensation schemes. It shows statistics on how many Australians are awarded a mental disorder claim each year to allow estimation of societal and system impacts. It also showcases other important statistics including claim rates and proportions to enable estimation of relative risks among groups of workers. Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/work-related-mental-disorders-profile-2015
Psychosocial Working Conditions and Sickness Absence in a General Population
A Cohort Study of 21,834 Workers in Norway (The HUNT Study) Objective: To examine the associations between psychosocial working conditions and sickness absence. Methods: Data for 21,834 employed adults from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) were linked to the sickness benefit register and sickness absence during 1 year after survey participation was analyzed with logistic regression. Results: A one unit change on a 0 to 3 self-reported job demand scale was associated with a fully adjusted 24% and 25% increased odds of sickness absence in men and women, respectively. A one unit change...
Suicide in U.S Workplaces, 2003–2010
A Comparison With Non-Workplace Suicides Introduction: Suicide rates have risen considerably in recent years. National workplace suicide trends have not been well documented. The aim of this study is to describe suicides occurring in U.S. workplaces and compare them to suicides occurring outside of the workplace between 2003 and 2010. Methods: Suicide data originated from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injury database and the Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System. Suicide rates were calculated using denominators from the 2013 Current Population Survey and 2000 U.S. population...
Statistiques sur les lésions attribuables au stress en milieu de travail
Ce document présente des statistiques diverses sur les lésions attribuables au stress en milieu de travail. Il comporte trois parties. La première décrit la population étudiée. La seconde expose les faits saillants. La troisième est constituée de 31 tableaux de données statistiques. Enfin, une annexe précise certains détails sur l'extraction des données.? Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_321.aspx
Statistiques sur les lésions attribuables à la violence en milieu de travail
Cette publication documente, à l'aide de statistiques, les lésions causées par la violence en milieu de travail sous les aspects administratifs, médicaux et socio-économiques. Il comporte trois parties, soit la description de la population étudiée, les faits saillants ainsi que 24 tableaux de données statistiques. Les données contenues dans cette publication sont tirées des banques informationnelles de la CSST. ?? Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_255.aspx
Violence and harassment in European workplaces
Extent, impacts and policies Violence and harassment are attacks on personal dignity, the right to equal and non-discriminatory treatment and often a person's health. Workers affected by it feel insecure about their work; they are more frequently absent and may even be unable to work, with consequent impacts on productivity and corporate and public costs. Some national-level surveys point to a long-standing increase in reported violence and harassment. Certain European countries, such as the Scandinavian countries, have more coordinated, established policies on preventing and tackling violence...
Violence at work
The number and incidence rate of violent incidents at work has declined over the last decade. Findings from the 2013/14 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) show that: - the risk of being a victim of actual or threatened violence at work is similar to the last five years with an estimated 1.1% of working adults the victims of one or more violent incidents at work (CSEW) - in 2013/14, the survey estimated 257 000 adults of working age in employment experienced work related violence including threats and physical assault - there were an estimated 583 000 incidents of violence at work according...
Gender differences in occupational injury incidence
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and distribution of workplace injury claims by gender, and quantify the extent to which observed gender differences in injury claim rates are attributable to differential exposure to work-related factors. METHODS: WorkSafe Victoria (Australia) workers' compensation data (254,704 claims with affliction onset 2004-2011) were analysed. Claim rates were calculated by combining compensation data with state-wide employment data. RESULTS: Mental disorder claim rates were 1.9 times higher among women; physical injury claim rates were 1.4 times higher among men...
The Longitudinal Prediction of Costs due to Health Care Uptake and Productivity Losses in a Cohort of Employees With and Without Depression or Anxiety
Objective: To examine how various predictors and subgroups of respondents contribute to the prediction of health care and productivity costs in a cohort of employees. Methods: We selected 1548 employed people from a cohort study with and without depressive and anxiety symptoms or disorders. Prediction rules, using the RuleFit program, were applied to identify predictors and subgroups of respondents, and to predict estimations of subsequent 1-year health care and productivity costs. Results: Symptom severity and diagnosis of depression and anxiety were the most important predictors of health care...
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