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Contraintes physiques et intensité du travail
Ce numéro de Synthèse. Stat' présente les résultats de l'enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux contraintes physiques et à l'intensité du travail. Cette partie recouvre un des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : l'intensité du travail et temps de travail (axe 1). Conformément aux principes de l'enquête Conditions de...
Psychosocial Safety Climate and Better Productivity in Australian Workplaces
Costs, Productivity, Presenteeism, Absenteeism Why has this research been done? •Sickness absence and presenteeism have a direct impact on organisation productivity •Previous research has indicated that Psychosocial safety climate (PSC) and the psychological health outcomes of depression, psychological distress and disengagement have an important impact on sickness absence and presenteeism and may therefore have the capacity to impact an organisation's productivity. •This research quantifies the cost of poor organisational PSC and poor psychosocial health and highlights the productivity...
Demographic Trends of Sick Leave Absenteeism Among Civil Service Employees at a Federal Agency From 2004 to 2012
Objective: To investigate the associations between demographic variables and sick leave use. Methods: We analyzed sick leave use among civil servants at a federal agency (FA) from 2004 to 2012 by demographic and FA-specific variables. We used a mixed methods approach and type III analysis to build a descriptive model of sick leave proportions and demographic variables. Results: Sick absenteeism usage varied significantly (variation of greater than one sick day per year) by sex, Emergency Operations Center response tier, length of service at the FA, age, and general schedule pay grade level. Our...
Work-related ill-health: Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Great Britain 2005–2012
New research published in the scientific journal Occupational Medicine shows that throughout the British Isles, mental health disorders are the most common work-related ill health problem. They account for over half of all cases reported by occupational physicians. The researchers led by a team from Manchester University, studied data across three surveillance schemes from 2005 to 2012. It is the first time that a study has investigated the incidence of work related ill health and compared detailed data across Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Musculoskeletal disorders...
Exposition des salariés aux facteurs de pénibilité dans le travail
Les facteurs de pénibilité au travail ont été définis dans la loi de novembre 2010 portant réforme des retraites et confirmés dans la loi de janvier 2014. Ces dix facteurs couvrent des expositions à des contraintes physiques marquées, à un environnement physique agressif et à certains rythmes de travail. Si le nombre de salariés exposés à des facteurs de pénibilité dépend fortement des seuils qui permettent de les définir, les caractéristiques des personnes concernées...
Les expositions aux risques professionnels - Les ambiances et contraintes physiques
Les ambiances et contraintes physiques regroupent les expositions à des nuisances sonores et thermiques, aux radiations, aux contraintes visuelles, posturales et articulaires, au travail en air et espace contrôlés, à la manutention manuelle de charges, aux machines et outils vibrants ou à la conduite. Ici, la référence est l'activité des salariés lors de la dernière semaine travaillée. Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' décrit, au travers de fiches, les expositions professionnelles des salariés...
Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among US Working Adults Aged 40 to 70 Years
National Health Interview Survey Data 2004 to 2011 Objective: To estimate the prevalence and prevalence odds ratios of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among US workers by major occupational groups. Methods: The 2004 to 2011 National Health Interview Survey data for working adults 40 to 70 years old was analyzed to estimate the prevalence of COPD by major occupational groups. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the associations between COPD (chronic bronchitis or emphysema) and occupations. Results: The estimated overall COPD prevalence was 4.2% (95% CI, 4.0 to 4.3). The...
Prevalence rates for depression by industry
A claims database analysis PURPOSE: To estimate and interpret differences in depression prevalence rates among industries, using a large, group medical claims database. METHODS: Depression cases were identified by ICD-9 diagnosis code in a population of 214,413 individuals employed during 2002-2005 by employers based in western Pennsylvania. Data were provided by Highmark, Inc. (Pittsburgh and Camp Hill, PA). Rates were adjusted for age, gender, and employee share of health care costs. National industry measures of psychological distress, work stress, and physical activity at work were also compiled...
Estimated rate of agricultural injury
The Korean Farmers' Occupational Disease and Injury Survey OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the rate of agricultural injury using a nationwide survey and identified factors associated with these injuries. METHODS: The first Korean Farmers' Occupational Disease and Injury Survey (KFODIS) was conducted by the Rural Development Administration in 2009. Data from 9,630 adults were collected through a household survey about agricultural injuries suffered in 2008. We estimated the injury rates among those whose injury required an absence of more than 4 days. Logistic regression was performed to...
2013 - Les risques professionnels en entreprise : l’apport de l’enquête Sumer 2010
La caractéristique principale de l'enquête Sumer est que les enquêteurs sont des médecins du travail volontaires. En 2010, 2400 d'entre eux ont enquêté 50 000 salariés au cours de leur visite médicale professionnelle. Les thèmes abordés ont concerné notamment les principales évolutions enregistrées depuis 1994, les comparaisons entre grands secteurs du public et du privé, la pénibilité physique, les risques organisationnels et psychosociaux, les agents cancérogènes...
Situation personnelle et professionnelle des travailleurs québécois âgés de 50 ans et plus et intentions à l’égard de la retraite
Cette étude a pour objectif de tracer un portrait de la situation personnelle et professionnelle des travailleurs québécois âgés de 50 ans et plus. Plus particulièrement, elle analyse trois grandes dimensions, à savoir l’état de santé de ces travailleurs, le stress au travail de ce groupe de même que leur satisfaction à l’égard de l’emploi occupé en 2008. Ces éléments sont fort pertinents dans tout le débat entourant le prolongement de la vie active. Ce rapport comprend...
Qualité du travail et de l’emploi en Belgique, Enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail - 2012
Analyse des résultats belges de l'enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail (Eurofound, EWCS 2010). Un consortium de chercheurs belges a été contacté pour élaborer un rapport ciblé particulièrement sur la qualité du travail et de l'emploi en Belgique, sur la base des informations recueillies par le biais de l'EECT belge en 2010 sur 4000 travailleurs. Une convention a été signée entre la Belgique et Eurofound (Fondation européenne pour l'amélioration des conditions de vie...
Review on the validity and reliability of self-reported work-related illness
Self-report is an efficient and accepted means of assessing population characteristics, risk factors, and diseases and is frequently used in occupational health studies. Little is known on the validity of self-reports used to measure work-related illness. This study reviews the evidence on the reliability and validity of workers' self-reported work-related ill health. For epidemiological research, there is an extensive choice in valid and reliable self-report measures on musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. The agreement on an individual level between the result of expert assessment...
Health and safety at work in Europe (1999-2007)
This report presents a statistical portrait of health and safety at work in Europe from 1999 to 2007. It focuses on accidents at work, work-related health problems, occupational diseases and exposure to risk factors at work. Data from different European surveys and register based statistical systems are presented in this report, including the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (more specifically the ad-hoc modules on safety and health at work), European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW), European Occupational Diseases Statistics (EODS), the European Survey on Working Conditions (EWCS), and the European...
New Survey Further Confirms Workplace Stress Epidemic
Three in 10 Canadian workers are employed in psychologically unhealthy and unsafe workplaces, according to a recently published Ipsos Reid survey. In this survey of more than 6,800 Canadian workers, researchers sought to evaluate levels of psychosocial risks (PSR) at work. Nineteen per cent reported facing PSRs at work. In analyzing responses to the survey though, researchers concluded the problem was far greater. Twenty nine per cent actually fell into categories of serious or significant concerns in terms of the psychological risks associated with their workplace. http://www.whsc.on.ca/whatnews2...

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