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Economic Evaluation of Occupational Safety and Health Interventions From the Employer Perspective
A Systematic Review Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of occupational safety and health interventions from the employer perspective. Methods: A comprehensive literature search (2005 to 2016) in five electronic databases was conducted. Pre-2005 studies were identified from the reference lists of previous studies and systematic reviews, which have similar objective to those of this search. Results: A total of 19 randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies were included, targeting diverse health problems in a number of settings. Few...
Economic evaluations of ergonomic interventions preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders
Systematic review of organizational-level interventions Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful...
L'économie de la sécurité et de la santé au travail
La valeur de la SST pour notre société Le calcul utilise l'EVCI («espérance de vie corrigée de l'incapacité») en tant qu'indice de mesure des accidents et des maladies d'origine professionnelle. L'outil permet une présentation visuelle accessible des données relatives aux coûts que représentent, pour la société, les accidents et maladies d'origine professionnelle, qui couvre toutes les régions du monde et propose des renseignements plus spécifiques concernant chaque État...
Occupational risks, accidents on sites and economic performance of construction firms
This paper examines the relationships among site risk, accident rate and firm economic performance in construction industry. We first assess safety levels on site using a specific tool we have developed, CONSRAT. We have examined during 6 years (2004–2009) 502 construction sites of 272 Spanish companies in Mallorca. We built a panel data with these safety assessments, the firm financial performance and the accident rates. Our general hypotheses are that risk on site has an effect on accident rates and the accident rates affects firm economic performance. On one hand, we obtain a significant...
Linking Workplace Health Promotion Best Practices and Organizational Financial Performance
Tracking Market Performance of Companies With Highest Scores on the HERO Scorecard Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the stock performance of publicly traded companies that received high scores on the HERO Employee Health Management Best Practices Scorecard in Collaboration with Mercer© based on their implementation of evidence-based workplace health promotion practices. Methods: A portfolio of companies that received high scores in a corporate health and wellness self-assessment was simulated based on past market performance and compared with past performance of companies represented...
Economic evaluation of occupational safety preventive measures in a hospital
BACKGROUND: When an organization performs an integrated analysis of risks through its Occupational Health and Safety Management System, several steps are suggested to address the implications of the identified risks. Namely, the organization should make a detailed analysis of the monetary impact for the organization of each of the preventive measures considered. However, it is also important to perform an analysis of the impact of each measure on society (externalities). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present a case study related to the application of the proposed economic evaluation methodology...
Trial-Based Economic Evaluations in Occupational Health
Principles, Methods, and Recommendations To allocate available resources as efficiently as possible, decision makers need information on the relative economic merits of occupational health and safety (OHS) interventions. Economic evaluations can provide this information by comparing the costs and consequences of alternatives. Nevertheless, only a few of the studies that consider the effectiveness of OHS interventions take the extra step of considering their resource implications. Moreover, the methodological quality of those that do is generally poor. Therefore, this study aims to help occupational...
Use of Workers’ Compensation Data for Occupational Safety and Health: Proceedings from June 2012 Workshop
The purpose for the June 2012 Use of Workers’ Compensation Data for Occupational Safety and Health Workshop was to explore ways in which workers’ compensation information can be used for public health research and surveillance. Thirty-five poster and platform presentations described studies that utilized workers’ compensation information while exploring limitations of these resources. The workshop proceedings contain summary articles for the presentations plus notes from the discussion groups for the 6 white papers that were drafted for the workshop. The workshop was co-sponsored...
Mental stress costs Australian businesses more than $10 billion per year
Safe Work Australia has released its first report on work-related mental stress and its associated costs based on an analysis of Australian workers' compensation claims data from 2008-09 to 2010-11. The report includes comparisons of rates of mental stress claims across industry sectors and occupations for male and female workers but does not distinguish between public and private sector workers. The report shows the highest rates of mental stress claims were by workers with high levels of responsibility for the wellbeing and safety of others or workers at risk in dangerous situations. These...
L’instabilité d’emploi chez les jeunes travailleurs
À la suite d’une récession, les jeunes ont souvent du mal à s’imposer sur le marché du travail. Le ralentissement économique de 2008 ne fait pas exception à la règle. Les jeunes adultes y ont perdu une proportion plus grande d’emplois (Gilmore et LaRochelle-Côté, 2009; Fong, 2012) et la demande de jeunes travailleurs n’a pas été vigoureuse à la suite du redressement. La période prolongée de faible demande qui a suivi le ralentissement pourrait donner lieu à un bassin grandissant...
Initiatives de promotion de la santé au travail : un examen des enjeux et du contexte au Québec et au Canada
Les études sur les avantages financiers des initiatives de Promotion de la santé au travail (PST) se multiplient. L’intérêt pour ces études provient à la fois des entreprises et des gouvernements. D’une part, les entreprises perçoivent ces programmes comme un moyen potentiel d’augmenter leur productivité face à la concurrence mondiale qui s’intensifie. D’autre part, les gouvernements, cherchant des moyens de diminuer ou de freiner l’augmentation des coûts de la santé, voient ces initiatives...
L’investissement dans la sécurité et la santé joue un «rôle déterminant» dans les performances économiques, confirme une étude de l’AISS
Une étude pilote coordonnée par l'AISS sur les coûts et bénéfices économiques des investissements dans la prévention, qui a porté sur 300 entreprises implantées dans 15 pays différents, a comparé des données relatives aux mesures de prévention adoptées et analysé les pratiques mises en œuvre. Ses résultats montrent que le ratio coût-bénéfices des investissements dans la prévention peut atteindre 2,2, voire plus pour les mesures directes comme les investissements...
Tendances mondiales en matière de sécurité et de santé
Dans son rapport intitulé «Tendances et enjeux mondiaux de la sécurité et de la santé au travail», lancé à l’occasion du XIXe Congrès mondial sur la sécurité et la santé au travail, le BIT a publié ses estimations les plus récentes sur la sécurité et la santé au travail. Selon ce rapport, le nombre global de décès causés par des accidents ou des maladies liés au travail a progressé entre 2003 et 2008. S’il est vrai que le nombre d’accidents...
L’influence des conditions de travail sur les dépenses de santé (France)
L’objectif de cette étude est d’estimer l’impact de certaines conditions de travail sur des indicateurs de dépenses de santé et de mesurer l’effet agrégé sur les dépenses de santé de la collectivité. Cette analyse empirique repose sur un échantillon de salariés âgés de 18 à 65 ans ; ces données sont issues de l’enquête Santé 2002-2003. Publiée par l'IRDES (Institut de recherche et documentation en économie de la santé), mars 2011. Source...
Review of the J-value literature – Final report
Completed for HSE by Michael Spackman This report is in response to a request by the HSE to review the 'J-value approach' (Judgement-value). This is a method for objective assessment of health and safety spending, i.e. for comparing the costs and benefits of safety regulation, focusing on its potential contribution to regulatory decision making. The J-value literature may appear to offer an analytical basis for larger numbers for the "values of a prevented fatality" (VPF) and for the valuation of large accident risks, but it does not really offer a way forward. There may however...
Implementation of the Directives on Health and Safety at Work as a Cost Factor
Policy areas: Employment and social affairs The study aims at better understanding the importance of Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) as a contributing factor to the economic viability of an organisation and looks into the potential effects of the proposals currently on the table for reducing administrative burdens in the field of health and safety at work. It considers the costs and benefits of compliance with OSH obligations, new and emerging risks and the need for new prevention measures to address these. Source: http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/implementation-of-the-directives-on-health-and...
OECD Factbook 2009: Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics
OECD Factbook 2009 is the fifth edition of a comprehensive statistical annual from the OECD. More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, agriculture, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health and quality of life, industry, information and communications, population/labour force, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook features a focus chapter on inequality. Data are provided for all OECD member countries with area totals, and in some cases, for selected non-member economies. http://osha.europa.eu/en/riskobservatory...

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