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Analyse des différences de durées d’indemnisation selon le sexe et le groupe d’âge
Les indicateurs statistiques de santé et de sécurité du travail produits depuis plusieurs années par l'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) montrent que la durée moyenne d'indemnisation des lésions professionnelles ayant occasionné une perte de temps indemnisée (PTI) a presque doublé en 15 ans. Alors que l'écart de durées moyennes d'indemnisation entre les femmes et les hommes diminue au fil des années, celui entre chaque groupe...
Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés
Sur la période 2013-2017, l'Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d'origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recensés en France. Sur la même période, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont été reconnues par an, liées majoritairement à des troubles musculo-squelettiques. Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part liée à l'amiante est prépondérante (80 % sur la période 2013-2017). Il s'agit de cancers du poumon...
Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
Gender differences in injuries attributed to workplace violence in Ontario 2002-2015
Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare trends in the incidence of injury resulting from workplace violence for men and women at the population level over the period 2002–2015 among working-age adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods: Administrative records of injury resulting from workplace violence were obtained from two population-based data sources in Ontario: 21 228 lost-time workers' compensation claims (2002–2015) and 13 245 records of non-scheduled emergency department visits (2004–2014), where the main problem was attributed to a workplace violence...
Beyond Determining Compliance: How Can Workers’ Compensation Insurers’ Exposure Data Be Improved and Used?
The workers' compensation system can be used for more than processing work-related illness or injury insurance claims. The data collected through this system provide valuable information to identify how these injuries and illnesses happen, so that they can be prevented. In recent years, use of workers' compensation injury and illness data in the public health field has grown. However, occupational exposure data (also known as industrial hygiene data) collected by many workers' compensation insurers is understudied. If analyzed, these data may help identify priority hazards and trends...
Testing a Strategy to Identify Incidence of Nurse Suicide in the United States
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test a strategy for quantifying incidence of nurse suicide using San Diego County data as a pilot for national investigation. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 1 person dies by suicide every 40 seconds; more than 1 000 000 suicides occur yearly. Suicide rates for nurses in the United States have not been evaluated. This methodological article tested a strategy to identify incidence of nurse suicide compared with those of physicians and the general public. METHOD: Deidentified San Diego County Medical Examiner data from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed with a descriptive epidemiologic...
A combined approach for the analysis of large occupational accident databases to support accident-prevention decision making
Occupational accidents are commonly collected in large databases by National Workers Compensation Authorities and companies' safety and prevention teams. The analysis of the data can be difficult because the database elements are characterized by many parameters, which are not of a numerical nature. Data mining techniques could represent an efficient tool for the identification of useful information in large databases. In 2011, a two-level clustering method, made of SOM and numerical clustering, obtained positive results in identifying critical accident dynamics. The present research proceeds...
Cas incidents des maladies à déclaration obligatoire reliées à une exposition professionnelle à l’amiante dans le Système MADO-Chimique, Québec, 2006 – 2015
L'analyse des 2 234 cas incidents de maladies à déclaration obligatoire (MADO) reliées à une exposition professionnelle à l'amiante enregistrés dans le système MADO-Chimique entre 2006 et 2015 montre que : 98 % des cas sont des hommes. Chez les femmes, les mésothéliomes sont les maladies reliées à l'exposition à l'amiante les plus fréquentes, alors que chez les hommes ce sont les amiantoses qui prédominent. Près de 60 % des cas d'amiantose, près de 50 % des cas de...
Conditions reliées à l’exposition au béryllium au Québec : 1999-2011
Les dossiers médicaux de 123 travailleurs ayant soumis une réclamation à la Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) pour une condition reliée à l'exposition au béryllium entre le 1er janvier 1999 et le 31 décembre 2011 ont été analysés. Trois formes distinctes de conditions reliées au béryllium ont été étudiées, soit : la sensibilisation au béryllium, la bérylliose chronique asymptomatique...
Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
ÉPICEA, une base de données sur les accidents du travail au service de la prévention
La base de données ÉPICEA recense des cas d'accidents du travail de salariés du régime général. Les données recueillies abordent le contexte de l'accident,son déroulement, sesconséquences et les mesures préconisées à la suite de l'analyse. La base peut être interrogée dans sa version " publique " sur internet, ou dans son intégralité par l'intermédiaire de l'INRS. Elle fournit des cas couvrant tous les risques professionnels. Cette information constitue...
Impact de l’allongement de la période de maturité des données sur les indicateurs de SST
L’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) produit et publie depuis plusieurs années des indicateurs statistiques de santé et de sécurité du travail (fréquence, gravité, fréquence-gravité, coûts). Ceux-ci sont habituellement produits tous les 5 ans à l’aide de données administratives de la Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) qui ont, en moyenne, 3 ans de...
Linking Compensation and Health Surveillance Data Sets to Improve Knowledge of US Coal Miners’ Health
Objective: Increase knowledge of US coal miners’ respiratory health by linking data from the black lung benefits program (BLBP) and the coal workers’ health surveillance program (CWHSP). Methods: BLBP claims data from 2000 through 2013 was linked to CWHSP data from 1970 through 2016. Results: Overall, 273,644 miners participated in CWHSP, 37,548 in BLBP, and 22,903 in both programs. Median age of miners at their time of first/only participation in CWHSP was 28 and 32 years, respectively. BLBP claimants were older (median age 59). Thirty-nine percent of BLBP claimants had not participated...
Key Work Health and Safety Statistics, Australia 2017
Key Work Health and Safety Statistics, Australia 2017 is compiled using national workers' compensation data and data on worker fatalities sourced from jurisdictions, the National Coronial Information System and the media. Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/key-work-health-and-safety-statistics-australia-2017
Estimation du coût des accidents et des problèmes de santé au travail
Une analyse des sources de données européennes La présente publication constitue le résumé d'un rapport qui présente les résultats d'une enquête relative aux sources de données nationales et internationales sur les coûts des blessures, maladies et décès d'origine professionnelle. L'objectif était d'évaluer la qualité et la comparabilité de différentes sources en tant que première étape de l'évaluation des coûts des accidents et des...
Arduous Duty
Using Three Data Sources to Create a Single Wildland Fire Fighter On-Duty Death Surveillance System Wildland fire fighters are required to pass an “arduous duty” physical fitness test annually to help ensure that they are prepared for the physical nature of the job. Unlike structural fire fighting, wildland fire fighting often requires long work shifts that may last up to 14 continuous days, and often takes place in environments that are challenging with regard to temperature and terrain. Because of this difference, researchers cannot assume that study findings among structural fire...
Obscured by administrative data?
Racial disparities in occupational injury This study finds that administrative injury data – the backbone of national occupational health surveillance systems – may systematically underestimate injury rates among racial minority healthcare workers in the US. Employers should both examine why underlying injury rates are higher among minority workers and adjust reporting practices to reduce racial disparities in formal injury reporting practices. Source: Sabbath EL, Boden LI, Williams JAR, Hashimoto D, Hopcia K, Sorensen G. (2016). Scand J Work Environ Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271...
Capturing Work-related Injuries from Emergency Department Data
Work-related injuries frequently occur, despite the fact that many are preventable. It is critical that we accurately describe and monitor these injuries in order to improve prevention efforts. Because there is no comprehensive data source that captures all work-related injuries, the occupational injury community relies on multiple sources to describe the problem. The occupational supplement to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS-Work) is a surveillance system that provides one piece of the picture by capturing nonfatal occupational injuries treated in emergency departments...
Time trends in incidence and prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome over eight years according to multiple data sources
Using data from the Pays de la Loire surveillance program of musculoskeletal disorders and National Health Insurance system, we revealed a decreasing time trend for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) over an 8-year period. These decreasing trends were statistically significant for surgical cases of CTS and uncompensated work-related CTS, but not for CTS compensated as an occupational disease, while the variation in clinically diagnosed CTS among the COSALI cohort was not statistically significant. Source: Roquelaure Y, Chazelle E, Gautier L, Plaine J, Descatha A, Evanoff B, Bodin J, Fouquet N, Buisson...
Cardiovascular Health Status by Occupational Group - 21 States, 2013
Work conditions and organization have a direct impact on health. Findings from studies indicate the existence of an association between cardiovascular disease and certain job factors and between specific cardiovascular disease health behaviors (e.g., smoking status, etc.) and occupational group. Using population-based data, occupational group was found to be significantly associated with both the individual cardiovascular health metrics (CHMs) and the CHM summary score. In 2013, prevalence of meeting two or fewer CHMs ranged from 5.0% among farming, fishing, and forestry employees to 14.6% among...
Characteristics of Cardiac Arrest Occurring in the Workplace: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Paris Area Fire Brigade Registry
Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in different workplaces, their management, and the survival rate. Methods: A post hoc analysis included all the OHCA cases that occurred at the workplace and were listed in the Fire Brigade of Paris database registry (2010 to 2014). Utstein-style variables, survival, and types of workplace were analyzed. Results: The study included 298 OHCA cases, mostly young (44% between 18 and 50 years), male (86%), and nontraumatic (86%). Differences in the survival chain were found to be related to...
A New Method of Assessing the Impact of Evidence-Based Medicine on Claim Outcomes
Objective: The objective of this study is to develop a method of quantifying compliance with Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) guidelines as a means of assessing the relationship between the use of EBM guidelines and illness absence and costs in workers' compensation. Methods: A total of 45,951 indemnity claims with two years of development filed between 2008 and 2013 were utilized to develop the methodology. Results: The newly developed methodology adequately assessed the relationship between claim outcomes (duration and medical incurred) and adherence to EBM guidelines, controlling for medical...
Divergent trends in work-related and non-work-related injury in Ontario
An Institute for Work & Health study found strongly diverging trends in the annual incidence of occupational injury and non-occupational injury among working-age adults in Ontario from 2004 to 2011. This Issue Briefing summarizes the findings of that study and then, drawing on lessons from the study, highlights opportunities to improve the monitoring of injury across all Canadian provinces and territories. Source: http://www.iwh.on.ca/briefings/divergent-trends-in-work-related-and-non-work-related-injury-in-ontario
Distinct Longitudinal Patterns of Absenteeism and Their Antecedents in Full-Time Australian Employees
This paper investigated distinct longitudinal trajectories of absenteeism over time, and underlying demographic, work, and health antecedents. Data from the Household, Income, and Labor Dynamics in Australia Survey were used; this is a panel study of a representative sample of Australian households. This paper focused on 2,481 full-time employees across a 5-year period. Information on annual sick leave and relevant sociodemographic, work, and health-related factors was collected through interviews and self-completed surveys. Growth mixture modeling indicated 4 distinct longitudinal patterns of...
Premières statistiques 2014 du Fonds des maladies professionnelles
L'assureur belge contre les maladies professionnelles, le FMP, présente les premières statistiques 2014 sur les demandes d'indemnisation pour l'ensemble des pathologies, puis par maladie et enfin sur les cas reconnus comme ayant une origine professionnelle. Le FMP a reçu 9 545 demandes d'indemnisation en 2014, contre 10 134 en 2013. Ce chiffre reste donc à peu près stable. Mais sur plusieurs années, on note qu'il est en augmentation. Cette hausse est due, en grande partie, à l'inscription en 2012 de la tendinite sur la liste...
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