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Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers
Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations...
Suicide Rates by Major Occupational Group - 17 States, 2012 and 2015
During 2000–2016, the suicide rate among the U.S. working age population (persons aged 16–64 years) increased 34%, from 12.9 per 100,000 population to 17.3 ( https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars ). To better understand suicide among different occupational groups and inform suicide prevention efforts, CDC analyzed suicide deaths by Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) major groups for decedents aged 16–64 years from the 17 states participating in both the 2012 and 2015 National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) ( https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs ). The occupational...
Bilans du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail
Ces ouvrages, préparés annuellement par le ministère chargé du travail et présenté aux partenaires sociaux réunis au sein du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail (COCT), dessinent un panorama global de l’action en faveur de la prévention des risques professionnels et de l’amélioration des conditions de travail. Source: https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct
Gender differences in injuries attributed to workplace violence in Ontario 2002-2015
Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare trends in the incidence of injury resulting from workplace violence for men and women at the population level over the period 2002–2015 among working-age adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods: Administrative records of injury resulting from workplace violence were obtained from two population-based data sources in Ontario: 21 228 lost-time workers' compensation claims (2002–2015) and 13 245 records of non-scheduled emergency department visits (2004–2014), where the main problem was attributed to a workplace violence...
Le travail en horaires atypiques : quels salariés pour quelle organisation du temps de travail ?
Travailler le soir, la nuit, le samedi ou le dimanche ? en horaires dits «?atypiques?» en comparaison des horaires standards en journée, du lundi au vendredi ? ne constitue pas des situations marginales. En 2017, en France (hors Mayotte), 44 % des salariés (10,4 millions de personnes) sont, au cours d'un mois, soumis à au moins un horaire de travail atypique sur leur lieu de travail, à leur domicile ou ailleurs. Le travail le samedi est le plus répandu avec 35 % des salariés mobilisés. En 2017, en France (hors Mayotte), 44 % des salariés...
Comparaisons européennes des durées du travail - Illustration pour huit pays
Les comparaisons européennes en matière de durée du travail sont complexes, en premier lieu en raison d'une grande diversité législative et institutionnelle sur le temps de travail entre les pays. Dans certains pays, la législation détermine fortement la durée du travail; dans d'autres, elle est quasi-inexistante; dans d'autres enfin, le temps de travail est du ressort de la négociation collective. Au-delà de ces différences, les caractéristiques de la population en emploi (part de femmes, de jeunes...
Worsening Workers' Health by Lowering Retirement Age: The Malign Consequences of a Benign Reform
In 2003, the retirement age of Swiss construction workers was lowered from 65 to 60. This reform has been intended to improve their health. Our study shows the opposite outcome. The human capital theory suggests that investments in employees' productivity by the employer and the employees themselves depend on the time remaining until their retirement. Hence, we hypothesize that pension reforms that reduce employees' working horizon decrease investments in work-related human capital, which translates into a higher prevalence of sickness absences, a longer absence duration, and worse health...
Gendered Pathways to Burnout: Results from the SALVEO Study
Burnout is a pervasive mental health problem in the workforce, with mounting evidence suggesting ties with occupational and safety outcomes such as work injuries, critical events and musculoskeletal disorders. While environmental [work and non-work, work-to-family conflict (WFC)] and individual (personality) pathways to burnout are well documented, little is known about how gender comes to influence such associative patterns. The aim of the study consisted in examining gendered pathways to burnout. The study analysed data derived from the SALVEO study, a cross-sectional study of 2026 workers from...
The cost of work-related stress to society
A systematic review A systematic review of the available evidence examining the cost of work-related stress (WRS) would yield important insights into the magnitude of this social phenomenon. The objective of this review was to collate, extract, and synthesize economic evaluations of the cost of WRS to society. A research protocol was developed. Included cost-of-illness (COI) studies estimated the cost of WRS at a societal level, and were published in English, French or German. Searches were carried out in ingentaconnect, EBSCO, JSTOR, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Google, and Google scholar...
Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
Quelles sont les évolutions récentes des conditions de travail et des risques psychosociaux ?
Les premiers résultats de la dernière enquête « Conditions de travail » conduite en 2016 font état d'une stabilisation des contraintes de rythme de travail et d'une baisse de certaines contraintes psychosociales (charge mentale en diminution, horaires moins contraignants, soutien social fort et stabilisation de la demande émotionnelle) qui s'accompagnent d'un recul des comportements hostiles. En revanche l'autonomie des salariés poursuit son recul. Les contraintes physiques sont globalement stabilisées à un niveau...
Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins - Année 2016
Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2016 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d'activité. Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_1018.aspx
Analyse comparative du contexte de travail et portrait statistique des problèmes de santé et sécurité au travail en fonction de la taille des entreprises
Selon Statistique Canada, 33,1 % des salariés québécois et 31,3 % des salariés canadiens travaillaient dans les petites entreprises de 49 employés et moins en 2015. Les petites entreprises constituaient 95 % de l'ensemble des établissements employeurs au Québec et au Canada en 2016. Plusieurs résultats scientifiques internationaux documentent le fait que le contrôle des risques dans les petites entreprises est moins efficace que dans les moyennes et les grandes entreprises et que le risque d'accidents et de maladies professionnelles...
Extending working life: What do workers want?
In the context of moves to raise the legal retirement age in many EU Member States, this article explores the views of workers about the issue of extending working life. It highlights differences in the share of workers regarding the age they would like to work to and the ability to work until 60 in terms of employment status, gender and country. It also presents the views of social partners on the subject, with trade unions in most Member States opposing the extension of working life through raising the pension age and employer organisations being generally in favour of this. Source: https://www...
Measuring Vulnerability to Adverse Working Conditions
Evidence from European Countries Ce travail s'insère ainsi dans une réflexion visant à définir et à mesurer les différentes formes de vulnérabilité qui peuvent survenir et se développer dans le travail en Europe. Il propose un cadre conceptuel et méthodologique où la vulnérabilité est définie comme le degré d'exposition des travailleurs à des risques cumulés sur le lieu de travail, ayant des effets néfastes pour le bien-être et la santé. À cette...
Non-standard forms of employment
Recent trends and future prospects The main focus of this paper is the growth of non-standard employment over the last decade. It finds that, apart from part-time work, there has not been an increase in non-standard employment during this time. However, both temporary contracts and self-employment grew, quite strongly in some Member States, in the long economic boom from the mid-1990s and up to the onset of the recession in 2007. It is, of course, primarily when times are bad that the need for employment and social protection is made manifest. Source: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications...
DARES - Les expositions aux risques professionnels dans les petits établissements en 2010
Les salariés des très petits établissements (1 à 9 salariés) ne sont pas plus exposés aux risques physiques que ceux des plus grandes unités, sauf pour les vibrations et la conduite sur la voie publique. Les expositions aux agents cancérogènes apparaissent plus fréquentes pour les salariés dans les petits établissements (1 à 49 salariés), et la prévention de ces risques y est moins développée. En revanche, ils subissent des risques organisationnels et psychosociaux nettement moins...
Dares - Les seniors au travail
La durée du travail est-elle plus faible à l’approche de la retraite? En 2016, au-delà de 55 ans, les salariés seniors travaillent plus à temps partiel que les plus jeunes. Une petite partie de ce temps partiel recouvre des situations de cumul emploi-retraite. Le recours au temps partiel s’accentue avec l’âge. Il est alors plus fréquemment dû à des raisons personnelles et domestiques et à des problèmes de santé. Les ouvriers ont 5,6 fois plus de chances de déclarer être à temps...
Occupational health: The value proposition
This report synthesises the evidence from the scientific and wider literature to help illustrate and publicise the benefits that occupational health services provide to employers, workers and to the economy. The evidence demonstrates that there is a rounded business case for investment in occupational health services. Well-integrated and supported workplace health initiatives have been shown to be associated with better employee health status and productivity in the workplace. Research supports the proposition that investments in occupational health add value through reduced costs associated with...
The challenges of ageing at work displayed in country infographics
A comprehensive overview of occupational safety and health (OSH) aspects related to the challenges of an ageing workforce is presented in country infographics uploaded on our visualisation tool on ageing and OSH . The 31 country infographics depict thought-provoking facts and figures about the working conditions and health, labour market participation and policies linked to ageing at work in the corresponding European country. One more infographic illustrates the full EU landscape of the subject. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/challenges-ageing-work-displayed-country-infographics
Workplace Accidents and Workplace Safety: On Under-reporting and Temporary Jobs
Statistics on workplace accidents do not always reflect workplace safety because workers under-report for fear of job-loss if they report having had an accident. Based on an analysis of fatal and non-fatal workplace accidents and road accidents in 15 EU-countries over the period 1995–2012, we conclude that there seems to be cyclical fluctuations in reporting of non-fatal workplace accidents. Workers are less likely to report a workplace accident when unemployment is high. Furthermore, analyzing data from Italy and Spain on both workplace accidents and commuting accidents, we conclude that...
Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins - Année 2015
Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2015 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d’activité.​​ Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_1018.aspx
Les travailleurs invisibles
Les risques pour la santé des travailleurs des agences de location de personnel La croissance du marché de l'emploi atypique contribue à la précarisation des conditions de vie et de travail d'un nombre important de travailleurs. Bien que toutes les formes d'emploi atypique ne soient pas nécessairement précaires, elles offrent généralement une moins bonne protection sociale et des salaires moins élevés. Le travail par l'intermédiaire des agences de location de personnel, une forme d'emploi atypique,...
Sixth European Working Conditions Survey
The sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) builds on the lessons learned from the previous five surveys to paint a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. EU employment policy priorities aim to boost employment levels, prolong working life, increase the participation of women, develop productivity and innovation and adapt to the digital challenge. The success of these policies depends not just on changes in the external labour market but also on developing good working conditions and job quality. The findings from the EWCS draw attention...
Global patterns of workplace productivity for people with depression
Absenteeism and presenteeism costs across eight diverse countries Purpose: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries. Methods: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries...
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