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Les salariés exposés aux agents biologiques
Les résultats de l'enquête Sumer 2009-2010 En 2010, selon l'enquête Surveillance médicale des expositions des salariés aux risques professionnels (Sumer), 22,2% des salariés sont exposés à des agents biologiques (bactéries, virus, parasites, champignons), soit plus de 4,7 millions de personnes. Les expositions «délibérées» aux agents biologiques sont celles où le processus de recherche ou de production nécessite l'utilisation d'agents identifiés et contrôlés...
Conditions reliées à l’exposition au béryllium au Québec : 1999-2011
Les dossiers médicaux de 123 travailleurs ayant soumis une réclamation à la Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) pour une condition reliée à l'exposition au béryllium entre le 1er janvier 1999 et le 31 décembre 2011 ont été analysés. Trois formes distinctes de conditions reliées au béryllium ont été étudiées, soit : la sensibilisation au béryllium, la bérylliose chronique asymptomatique...
Surveillance des expositions en laboratoire aux agents pathogènes humains et aux toxines au Canada en 2016
Contexte : Le Canada a récemment adopté un projet de loi autorisant la collecte de données sur les incidents en laboratoire mettant en cause un agent biologique. L'Agence de la santé publique du Canada (l'ASPC) est responsable de cette activité dans le cadre d'un programme national complet visant à protéger les Canadiens des risques pour la santé et la sécurité posés par les agents pathogènes humains et d'animaux terrestres ainsi que les toxines. Objectif : Présenter les données sur...
The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure
Objectives: To estimate the economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure in Canada. Methods: We estimate the lifetime cost of newly diagnosed lung cancer and mesothelioma cases associated with occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure for calendar year 2011 based on the societal perspective. The key cost components considered are healthcare costs, productivity and output costs, and quality of life costs. Results: There were 427 cases of newly diagnosed mesothelioma cases and 1904 lung cancer cases attributable to asbestos...
Surveillance for Silicosis Deaths Among Persons Aged 15-44 Years
United States, 1999–2015 Silicosis is usually a disease of long latency affecting mostly older workers; therefore, silicosis deaths in young adults (aged 15–44 years) suggests acute or accelerated disease.* To understand the circumstances surrounding silicosis deaths among young persons, CDC analyzed the underlying and contributing causes† of death using multiple cause-of-death data (1999–2015) and industry and occupation information abstracted from death certificates (1999–2013). During 1999–2015, among 55 pneumoconiosis deaths of young adults with International...
Mesothelioma Mortality by Geographical Area
Mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain 1981-2015 Previous descriptive analyses of mesothelioma death rates for geographical areas within Great Britain have highlighted the effect of geographically-specific sources of asbestos exposure: geographical areas with the highest mortality rates tend to be those known to contain large industrial sites such as shipyards and asbestos product factories. This factsheet provides an update of analyses of mesothelioma mortality by Unitary Authority (UA) and Local Authority (LA) area to include deaths occurring during the period 1981 to 2015, the longest period...
Exposition des travailleurs québécois à des cancérogènes
Industries et groupes professionnels Les substances étudiées sont classées comme cancérogène « démontré » ou « soupçonné » chez l'humain (notations C1 et C2, respectivement) ou « démontré » chez l'animal (C3), selon l'annexe 1 du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail, ou encore comme cancérogène « avéré » ou « probable » pour l'humain (groupes 1 et 2A, respectivement), selon le...
Surveillance for Silicosis
Michigan and New Jersey, 2003–2011 CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003–2011 by Michigan and New Jersey, the only states that continue to provide data voluntarily to NIOSH. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/63/wr/mm6355a7.htm
Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Employed Adults
United States, 1994–2013 Since 1987, NIOSH and state health departments have maintained the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) Program, a state-based surveillance program of laboratory-reported adult BLLs. The BLL is an often-used estimate of recent external exposure to lead. This report summarizes data on elevated BLLs among employed adults during January 1, 1994–December 31, 2013. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/63/wr/mm6355a5.htm
Statistics Western Australia: Lead levels in blood 1994-2015
The WA Occupational Safety and Health Regulations (1996) require that health surveillance, including blood lead level tests, is provided to workers undertaking lead risk work. This report summarises these results by calendar year for the period 1 January 1994 – 15 May 2015 (date of test). Source: http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/publications/statistics-western-australia-lead-levels-blood-1994-2015
Surveillance for Silicosis
Michigan and New Jersey, 2003-2010 CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003-2010. The data for this report were final as of December 31, 2010. Data are presented in tabular form on the prevalence of silicosis, the number of cases and the distribution of cases...
Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France
Bilan 2014 L'Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire (IRSN) publie son bilan annuel, pour 2014, des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants en France. 359 646 travailleurs ont été surveillés en 2014 dans le cadre des activités soumises à autorisation ou à déclaration, soit une augmentation de 2 % par rapport à l'année précédente. La dose individuelle moyenne sur l'ensemble de cet effectif est plutôt stable. Les disparités sont toutefois grandes dans...
Silicosis Mortality Trends and New Exposures to Respirable Crystalline Silica
United States, 2001–2010 Silicosis is a preventable occupational lung disease caused by the inhalation of respirable crystalline silica dust and can progress to respiratory failure and death (1). No effective specific treatment for silicosis is available; patients are provided supportive care, and some patients may be considered for lung transplantation. Chronic silicosis can develop or progress even after occupational exposure has ceased (1). The number of deaths from silicosis declined from 1,065 in 1968 to 165 in 2004 (2). Hazardous occupational exposures to silica dust have long been...
Characterizing occupational heat-related mortality in the United States, 2000-2010
An analysis using the census of fatal occupational injuries database BACKGROUND: Occupational heat-related mortality is not well studied and risk factors remain largely unknown. This paper describes the epidemiological characteristics of heat-related deaths among workers in the US 2000-2010. METHODS: Fatality data were obtained at the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the confidential on-site Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries database. Fatality rates and risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated by year, sex, age group, ethnicity, race, state, and industry. RESULTS: Between 2000...
Les expositions aux risques professionnels - Les ambiances et contraintes physiques
Les ambiances et contraintes physiques regroupent les expositions à des nuisances sonores et thermiques, aux radiations, aux contraintes visuelles, posturales et articulaires, au travail en air et espace contrôlés, à la manutention manuelle de charges, aux machines et outils vibrants ou à la conduite. Ici, la référence est l'activité des salariés lors de la dernière semaine travaillée. Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' décrit, au travers de fiches, les expositions professionnelles des salariés...
Diisocyanate and Non-Diisocyanate Sensitizer-Induced Occupational Asthma Frequency During 2003 to 2007 in Ontario, Canada
Objective: To investigate proportions and outcomes of isocyanate and other causes of occupational asthma (OA) claims in Ontario, Canada, 2003 to 2007. Methods: New accepted workers' compensation claims for OA compensated by the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board were retrospectively reviewed. Results: There were 112 allowed claims for OA—30 (26.8%) from diisocyanates (ISO) and 82 (73.2%) from other causes (non-diisocyanates [N-ISO]). The most common occupations for ISO OA were production workers (50%). The most common agents in the N-ISO group were flour (13%) and metal dusts...
Heat Illness and Death Among Workers
United States, 2012–2013 Exposure to heat and hot environments puts workers at risk for heat stress, which can result in heat illnesses and death. This report describes findings from a review of 2012?2013 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) federal enforcement cases (i.e., inspections) resulting in citations under paragraph 5(a)(1), the "general duty clause" of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. That clause requires that each employer "furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that...
La radioprotection des travailleurs en 2013
Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France Dans le cadre de sa mission de surveillance de l'exposition des travailleurs aux rayonnements ionisants, l'IRSN vient de publier ses résultats pour l'année 2013. Ceux-ci révèlent une baisse du nombre de travailleurs surveillés, avec 352 082 travailleurs surveillés en 2013, en léger recul de 0,7% par rapport à 2012. Si la dose collective enregistrée est en léger recul (-1% par rapport en 2012), l'IRSN pointe l'augmentation exceptionnelle des cas...
National Hazard Exposure Worker Surveillance - Sunlight Report
This report focuses on the exposure of Australian workers to direct sunlight and the control measures that are provided in workplaces that eliminate, reduce or control worker exposure to direct sunlight. The aims of this report are as follows: to describe patterns of exposure to direct sunlight in conjunction with patterns of direct sunlight control provision with respect to industry, occupation and other relevant demographic and employment variables, and; to make recommendations, where possible, for the development of OHS and workers' compensation policy. Source : http://www.safeworkaustralia...
Pesticide incidents report
This report provides information on incidents and complaints involving reported pesticide pesticides investigated by the Field Operations Directorate (FOD) of the Health and incidents, including Safety Executive (HSE) between 1 April 2008 and 31 March 2009. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/fod/pir0809.pdf?ebul=hsegen/23-nov-2009&cr=22
Projection of mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain
There has been an increase in mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain, with 1705 deaths recorded in 2006. In 2005, a statistical model was developed based on a simple birth-cohort model, which assumes that the risk of mesothelioma depends on age and years of exposure and that an individual's asbestos exposure depends on the year of exposure. An optimisation technique was used to fit the model and a profile of the population exposure was estimated. Projections of the future burden of mesothelioma mortality were calculated, however statistical uncertainties in the formulation of the model could...

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