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Cancers reconnus d’origine professionnelle
Évolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés Sur la période 2013-2017, 1 840 cancers d'origine professionnelle ont été reconnus en moyenne chaque année en France. La part des cancers liée à l'amiante est prépondérante (80 %). Il s'agit de cancers du poumon dans 70 % des cas et de mésothéliomes dans 30 % des cas. Ces chiffres sont issus d'un rapport publié en avril par l'Assurance maladie – Risques professionnels. Ils indiquent...
Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés
Sur la période 2013-2017, l'Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d'origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recensés en France. Sur la même période, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont été reconnues par an, liées majoritairement à des troubles musculo-squelettiques. Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part liée à l'amiante est prépondérante (80 % sur la période 2013-2017). Il s'agit de cancers du poumon...
Cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle : Évolution statistique, actions de prévention et d’accompagnement des salariés exposés
Le site Ameli - Risques professionnels met en ligne un numéro de "Santé travail : enjeux et actions" sur les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Sont abordés notamment l'évolution du nombre de cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle sur la période 1997-2017, les résultats de l'enquête SUMER de 2010, la reconnaissance des cancers professionnels en Europe ainsi que les actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés. Source : https://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante...
The economic burden of occupational non-melanoma skin cancer due to solar radiation
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the second most prevalent carcinogenic exposure in Canada and is similarly important in other countries with large Caucasian populations. The objective of this article was to estimate the economic burden associated with newly diagnosed non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) attributable to occupational solar radiation exposure. Key cost categories considered were direct costs (healthcare costs, out-of-pocket costs (OOPCs), and informal caregiver costs); indirect costs (productivity/output costs and home production costs); and intangible costs (monetary value of the...
Prostate cancer surveillance by occupation and industry: the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)
As there are no well-established modifiable risk factors for prostate cancer, further evidence is needed on possible factors such as occupation. Our study uses one of the largest Canadian worker cohorts to examine occupation, industry, and prostate cancer and to assess patterns of prostate cancer rates. The Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC) was established by linking the 1991 Canadian Census Cohort to the Canadian Cancer Database (1969–2010), Canadian Mortality Database (1991–2011), and Tax Summary Files (1981–2011). A total of 37,695 prostate cancer cases...
Comparative Analysis of the Burden of Injury and Illness at Work in Selected Countries and Regions
Developed countries have made tremendous progress in Workplace Safety and Health in terms of reducing the burden of occupational injuries caused by accidents. Developing countries and transition economies experience both high injury and illness risks at work. There is a clear need to look more carefully at the long latency diseases and disorders caused by work. In order to have a baseline for priority setting and future work, a better picture of the burden caused by work is needed. Data on both fatalities and non-fatal outcomes, attributable fractions based on the exposure-outcome relationship...
The Cost of Occupational Cancer in the EU-28
The aim of this study was to estimate the economic burden of cancer incidence resulting from past occupational exposure to selected carcinogenic agents in the EU-28, so as to assist the trade unions in refining their strategy and actions to tackle occupational cancer. The work involved estimating the current incidence of occupational cancer for the EU-28 and each Member State, and assessing the associated economic costs to workers, employers and governments. A key element of the study was a comprehensive consideration of gender-relevant aspects of occupational cancer. Source: http://www.etui.org...
Mesothelioma Mortality by Geographical Area
Mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain 1981-2015 Previous descriptive analyses of mesothelioma death rates for geographical areas within Great Britain have highlighted the effect of geographically-specific sources of asbestos exposure: geographical areas with the highest mortality rates tend to be those known to contain large industrial sites such as shipyards and asbestos product factories. This factsheet provides an update of analyses of mesothelioma mortality by Unitary Authority (UA) and Local Authority (LA) area to include deaths occurring during the period 1981 to 2015, the longest period...
Exposition des travailleurs québécois à des cancérogènes
Industries et groupes professionnels Les substances étudiées sont classées comme cancérogène « démontré » ou « soupçonné » chez l'humain (notations C1 et C2, respectivement) ou « démontré » chez l'animal (C3), selon l'annexe 1 du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail, ou encore comme cancérogène « avéré » ou « probable » pour l'humain (groupes 1 et 2A, respectivement), selon le...
Malignant Mesothelioma Mortality - United States, 1999–2015
Malignant mesothelioma is a neoplasm associated with occupational and environmental inhalation exposure to asbestos* fibers and other elongate mineral particles (EMPs) (1–3). Patients have a median survival of approximately 1 year from the time of diagnosis (1). The latency period from first causative exposure to malignant mesothelioma development typically ranges from 20 to 40 years but can be as long as 71 years (2,3). Hazardous occupational exposures to asbestos fibers and other EMPs have occurred in a variety of industrial operations, including mining and milling, manufacturing, shipbuilding...
Melanoma Incidence and Mortality Trends and Projections
United States, 1982–2030 Background: Melanoma incidence rates have continued to increase in the United States, and risk behaviors remain high. Melanoma is responsible for the most skin cancer deaths, with about 9,000 persons dying from it each year. Methods: CDC analyzed current (2011) melanoma incidence and mortality data, and projected melanoma incidence, mortality, and the cost of treating newly diagnosed melanomas through 2030. Finally, CDC estimated the potential melanoma cases and costs averted through 2030 if a comprehensive skin cancer prevention program was implemented in the United...
Mesothelioma in Australia
Incidence (1982 to 2013) and Mortality (1997 to 2012) Mesothelioma is a fatal cancer that typically occurs 20 to 40 years after exposure to asbestos, although exposure does not always result in the disease. Mesothelioma of the pleura (a cancer affecting the protective lining of the lungs and chest cavity) is the most common form of mesothelioma in Australia and has accounted for approximately 93% of cases since 1982. Mesothelioma of the peritoneum (a cancer affecting the abdominal lining) is less common and has accounted for approximately 6% of cases since 1982. The figures in this report include...
La survenue du cancer : effets de court et moyen termes sur l’emploi, le chômage et les arrêts maladie
La réduction des inégalités face à la maladie est un des attendus majeurs du troisième Plan cancer 2014-2019 qui préconise de « diminuer l'impact du cancer sur la vie personnelle » afi n d'éviter la « double peine » (maladie et exclusion du marché du travail). Dans ce contexte, nous évaluons l'impact de un à cinq ans d'un primo-enregistrement en Affection de longue durée (ALD) caractérisant le cancer sur la situation professionnelle et la durée passée en emploi...
Mortality and Cancer Incidence in Aluminum Smelter Workers
A 5-Year Update Objective: To determine the mortality and cancer incidence of aluminum smelter workers. Method: The experience of 17,089 workers between 1950 and 2004 was studied. Results: There were 25 deaths/47 female incident cancers and 6350 deaths/3984 male incident cancers. Mortality was significantly elevated for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Alzheimer disease (likely influenced by regional factors), all cancers, stomach, bladder, and lung cancers. Incidence was significantly elevated for bladder, lung, and laryngeal cancers. Digestive, lung, and bladder cancer mortality and lung...
Trends in compensation for deaths from occupational cancer in Canada
A descriptive study Background Occupational cancer is the leading cause of work-related deaths, yet it is often unrecognized and under reported, and associated claims for compensation go unfiled. We sought to examine trends in deaths from occupational cancer, high-risk industries and exposures, and commonly compensated categories of occupational cancers. In addition, we compared deaths from occupational lung cancer for which compensation had been given with total deaths from lung cancer. Methods We used data from the Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada pertaining to the nature...
Estimation du nombre de cancers d'origine professionnelle au Québec
Comme dans la majorité des pays industrialisés, le cancer constitue la première cause de décès au Québec : en 2013, on estime à 20 200 le nombre de décès par cancer et à 48 700 le nombre de nouveaux diagnostics de cancer. La cancérogénèse est un processus multifactoriel et complexe, qui débute plusieurs années avant que le cancer n'apparaisse cliniquement. Un cancer est considéré d'origine professionnelle lorsqu'il résulte de l'exposition, en milieu de travail...
Mortality and cancer incidence in a pooled cohort of US firefighters from San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia (1950–2009)
From previous studies, there is limited epidemiological evidence of increased risk of cancer from firefighting. We examined cancer in 30 000 career firefighters by pooling information from urban fire departments in three large US cities. The large sample size and long follow-up period improved risk estimates compared with previous studies. We report that firefighting may be associated with increased risk of solid cancers. Furthermore, we report a new finding of excess malignant mesothelioma among firefighters, suggesting the presence of an occupational disease from asbestos hazards in the workplace...
Diseases attributable to asbestos exposure: Years of potential life lost, United States, 1999–2010
Background Although asbestos use has been restricted in recent decades, asbestos-associated deaths continue to occur in the United States. Objectives We evaluated premature mortality and loss of potentially productive years of life attributable to asbestos-associated diseases. Methods Using 1999–2010 National Center for Health Statistics mortality data, we identified decedents aged ≥25 years whose death certificate listed asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma as the underlying cause of death. We computed years of potential life lost to life expectancy (YPLL) and to age 65 (YPLL65). Results...
Occupation and Head and Neck Cancer Risk in Men: Results From the ICARE Study, a French Population-Based Case–Control Study
Objective : To investigate the associations between occupations and head and neck (HN) cancer risk in men. Methods : ICARE is a French population-based case–control study on HN cancer. Analyses included 1833 cases and 2747 controls. Complete occupational history was collected. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated for occupations and industries ever held and according to duration of employment. Results : Elevated ORs, increasing with duration of employment, were observed for several occupations, including cleaners (OR = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 2.8), launderers (OR = 6.8; CI,...
The burden of occupational cancer in Great Britain
Overview report The aim of this project was to produce an updated estimate of the current burden of cancer for Great Britain resulting from occupational exposure to carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. The primary measure of the burden of cancer was the attributable fraction (AF) being the proportion of cases that would not have occurred in the absence of exposure; and the AF was used to estimate the number of attributable deaths and registrations. The study involved obtaining data on the risk of the cancer due to the exposure of interest, taking into account confounding factors and overlapping...
Arrêts de travail pour cancer dans une population de travailleurs indépendants
Diverses études, toutes menées dans des populations de travailleurs salariés, ont montré que la fréquence et la nature des cancers pouvaient varier en fonction de l'activité professionnelle. Pour la première fois, une étude met en évidence des disparités chez les travailleurs indépendants. Source : http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/DMT_TF%20188/$File/TF188.pdf
Mesothelioma in Australia
Incidence 1982 to 2006, mortality 1997 to 2007 Data on the number of new cases of mesothelioma are collected nationally by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) in the National Cancer Statistics Clearing House, via the State Cancer Registries. Information on deaths from mesothelioma is also collected by the AIHW as part of the National Mortality Database. Data are available from 1982 to 2006 for the number of new cases, and from 1997 to 2007 for the number of deaths. Source : http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/1CFBDAB6-424E-4936-B351-6EBAE8420BB9/0/MesotheliomaInAustralia2010...
The burden of occupational cancer in Great Britain
The aim of this project was to produce an updated estimate of the current burden of occupational cancer specifically for Great Britain. The primary measure of the burden of cancer used in this project was the attributable fraction (AF) i.e. the proportion of cases that would not have occurred in the absence of exposure; this was then used to estimate the attributable numbers. This involved obtaining data on the risk of the disease due to the exposure of interest, taking into account confounding factors and overlapping exposures, and the proportion of the target population exposed over the period...
Projection of mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain
There has been an increase in mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain, with 1705 deaths recorded in 2006. In 2005, a statistical model was developed based on a simple birth-cohort model, which assumes that the risk of mesothelioma depends on age and years of exposure and that an individual's asbestos exposure depends on the year of exposure. An optimisation technique was used to fit the model and a profile of the population exposure was estimated. Projections of the future burden of mesothelioma mortality were calculated, however statistical uncertainties in the formulation of the model could...
Safe Work Australia - Two new statistical publications
Two new statistical publications have been published on the website of Safe Work Australia: Mesothelioma in Australia - Incidence 1982 to 2005 Deaths 1997 to 2006 Notified Fatalities Statistical Report July 2008 - December 2008 http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/swa/AboutUs/Publications/DataandStatistics.htm

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