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Canadiens vulnérables au bruit en milieu de travail
Contexte : Les lois relatives à la santé et à la sécurité visent à protéger les travailleurs des dangers, y compris du bruit excessif. Cependant, certains travailleurs ne sont pas tenus d'utiliser des dispositifs de protection de l'ouïe en cas d'exposition à du bruit intense et ils peuvent en subir les répercussions néfastes, notamment des troubles auditifs et des acouphènes. Données et méthodes : Les données pour les personnes âgées de 19 à 79 ans (n = 6 571) ont...
Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations
Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. Methods: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation. Results: Twenty...
Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17 299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub...
Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012
Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector. Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined. Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector...
Burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise
A quantification of healthy life years lost in Sweden This paper provides the first estimation of the health burden in terms of disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) of noise from the transport sector in Sweden. Assessments of health impacts of noise on a national level are still rare, but provide valuable tools for policymakers in order to prevent and abate environmental noise exposure. Source: Eriksson, C., Bodin, T., & Selander, J. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3653
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Among Adults - United States 2011–2012
Introduction: The 2016 National Academies of Sciences report “Hearing Health Care for Adults: Priorities for Improving Access and Affordability” included a call to action for government agencies to strengthen efforts to collect, analyze, and disseminate population-based data on hearing loss in adults. Methods: CDC analyzed the most recent available data collected both by questionnaire and audiometric tests of adult participants aged 20–69 years in the 2011–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to determine the presence of audiometric notches indicative...
Hearing Impairment Among Noise-Exposed Workers - United States, 2003–2012
Hearing loss is the third most common chronic physical condition in the United States, and is more prevalent than diabetes or cancer. Occupational hearing loss, primarily caused by high noise exposure, is the most common U.S. work-related illness. Approximately 22 million U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous occupational noise. CDC compared the prevalence of hearing impairment within nine U.S. industry sectors using 1,413,789 noise-exposed worker audiograms from CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Occupational Hearing Loss Surveillance Project. CDC estimated...
Surdité professionnelle : cas acceptés par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail au Québec
Mise à jour 1997-2012 Ce feuillet est la mise à jour d'une étude publiée en 2014. Il montre que le nombre de cas de surdité professionnelle causée par le bruit continue d'augmenter bien que cette maladie puisse être évitée, car les moyens de la prévenir sont connus. Source: https://www.inspq.qc.ca/publications/2018
NIOSH Study Spans over Thirty Years of Hearing Loss Trends
A new study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examines thirty years of hearing loss trends experienced by workers exposed to noise while on the job, across various industries. The study, published by the American Journal of Industrial Medicine , found that while progress has been made in reducing the risk of hearing loss within most industry sectors, additional efforts are needed within the Mining, Construction, and Healthcare and Social Assistance sectors. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-03-04-15.html
Les expositions aux risques professionnels - Les ambiances et contraintes physiques
Les ambiances et contraintes physiques regroupent les expositions à des nuisances sonores et thermiques, aux radiations, aux contraintes visuelles, posturales et articulaires, au travail en air et espace contrôlés, à la manutention manuelle de charges, aux machines et outils vibrants ou à la conduite. Ici, la référence est l'activité des salariés lors de la dernière semaine travaillée. Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' décrit, au travers de fiches, les expositions professionnelles des salariés...
Portrait de la surdité professionnelle acceptée par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail au Québec : 1997-2010
Troubles de l'audition sous surveillance Entre 1997 et 2010, une hausse importante du nombre de cas de surdité professionnelle acceptés par le régime québécois de santé et de sécurité au travail est observée. Cette augmentation remet en question l'atteinte de l'objectif du Programme national de santé publique (2003-2012) visant à réduire l'incidence de cette maladie. La surdité professionnelle reste un problème actuel puisque de nombreux travailleurs continueraient d'être...
Risk factors for hearing loss across occupations
A survey in Norway has investigated the link between a worker's job and the possible risk of hearing loss. While occupation was a factor in 2%–3% of the variance in hearing loss among men aged 45, it was of significance for less than 1% of women and young men. The most serious hearing problems in men were found among woodworkers, miners, electrical power line workers and cable jointers, carpenters, seamen and mechanics. Among women, there were only a few occupational groups indicating hearing problems. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2013/09/NO1309019I.htm
National Hazard Exposure Worker Surveillance Noise Report
This report focuses on the exposure of Australian workers to loud noise and the control measures that are provided in workplaces that eliminate, reduce or control worker exposure to loud noise. The aims of this report are threefold. The first is to describe patterns of exposure to loud noise in conjunction with patterns of noise exposure control provision with respect to industry, occupation and other relevant demographic and employment variables. The second is to make recommendations, where possible, for the development of OHS and workers' compensation policy. The final aim of this report...

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