Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Agents physiques (RSS)
Contraintes physiques et intensité du travail
Ce numéro de Synthèse. Stat' présente les résultats de l'enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux contraintes physiques et à l'intensité du travail. Cette partie recouvre un des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : l'intensité du travail et temps de travail (axe 1). Conformément aux principes de l'enquête Conditions de...
La radioprotection des travailleurs
Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France: bilan 2017 Le bilan de la surveillance des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants concerne l'ensemble des secteurs d'activité soumis à un régime d'autorisation ou de déclaration, y compris ceux de la défense, dans les domaines des activités médicales et vétérinaires, de l'industrie nucléaire ou non nucléaire, de la recherche et de l'enseignement, ainsi que les secteurs concernés par une exposition à la radioactivité...
Beyond Determining Compliance: How Can Workers’ Compensation Insurers’ Exposure Data Be Improved and Used?
The workers' compensation system can be used for more than processing work-related illness or injury insurance claims. The data collected through this system provide valuable information to identify how these injuries and illnesses happen, so that they can be prevented. In recent years, use of workers' compensation injury and illness data in the public health field has grown. However, occupational exposure data (also known as industrial hygiene data) collected by many workers' compensation insurers is understudied. If analyzed, these data may help identify priority hazards and trends...
Evaluation of Occupational Exposure Limits for Heat Stress in Outdoor Workers — United States, 2011-2016
Heat stress, an environmental and occupational hazard, is associated with a spectrum of heat-related illnesses, including heat stroke, which can lead to death. CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) publishes recommended occupational exposure limits for heat stress (1). These limits, which are consistent with those of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) (2), specify the maximum combination of environmental heat (measured as wet bulb globe temperature [WBGT]) and metabolic heat (i.e., workload) to which workers should be exposed...
Evaluation of the Impact of Ambient Temperatures on Occupational Injuries in Spain
Background: Extreme cold and heat have been linked to an increased risk of occupational injuries. However, the evidence is still limited to a small number of studies of people with relatively few injuries and with a limited geographic extent, and the corresponding economic effect has not been studied in detail. Objectives: We assessed the relationship between ambient temperatures and occupational injuries in Spain along with its economic effect. Methods: The daily number of occupational injuries that caused at least one day of leave and the daily maximum temperature were obtained for each Spanish...
The economic burden of occupational non-melanoma skin cancer due to solar radiation
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the second most prevalent carcinogenic exposure in Canada and is similarly important in other countries with large Caucasian populations. The objective of this article was to estimate the economic burden associated with newly diagnosed non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) attributable to occupational solar radiation exposure. Key cost categories considered were direct costs (healthcare costs, out-of-pocket costs (OOPCs), and informal caregiver costs); indirect costs (productivity/output costs and home production costs); and intangible costs (monetary value of the...
Exposition des travailleurs québécois à des cancérogènes
Industries et groupes professionnels Les substances étudiées sont classées comme cancérogène « démontré » ou « soupçonné » chez l'humain (notations C1 et C2, respectivement) ou « démontré » chez l'animal (C3), selon l'annexe 1 du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail, ou encore comme cancérogène « avéré » ou « probable » pour l'humain (groupes 1 et 2A, respectivement), selon le...
Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France
Bilan 2014 L'Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire (IRSN) publie son bilan annuel, pour 2014, des expositions professionnelles aux rayonnements ionisants en France. 359 646 travailleurs ont été surveillés en 2014 dans le cadre des activités soumises à autorisation ou à déclaration, soit une augmentation de 2 % par rapport à l'année précédente. La dose individuelle moyenne sur l'ensemble de cet effectif est plutôt stable. Les disparités sont toutefois grandes dans...
Extreme heat and occupational heat illnesses in South Australia, 2001-2010
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the epidemiological characteristics of occupational heat illnesses in South Australia, to quantify the association between ambient temperature and occupational heat illnesses, and to investigate the impact of heatwaves on occupational heat illnesses. METHODS: Workers' compensation claims data and weather data were obtained from SafeWork South Australia and the Bureau of Meteorology, respectively, for 2001-2010. Time series analysis with generalised estimation equation models and linear spline functions was used to quantify the temperature-heat illness...
Characterizing occupational heat-related mortality in the United States, 2000-2010
An analysis using the census of fatal occupational injuries database BACKGROUND: Occupational heat-related mortality is not well studied and risk factors remain largely unknown. This paper describes the epidemiological characteristics of heat-related deaths among workers in the US 2000-2010. METHODS: Fatality data were obtained at the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the confidential on-site Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries database. Fatality rates and risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated by year, sex, age group, ethnicity, race, state, and industry. RESULTS: Between 2000...
Les expositions aux risques professionnels - Les ambiances et contraintes physiques
Les ambiances et contraintes physiques regroupent les expositions à des nuisances sonores et thermiques, aux radiations, aux contraintes visuelles, posturales et articulaires, au travail en air et espace contrôlés, à la manutention manuelle de charges, aux machines et outils vibrants ou à la conduite. Ici, la référence est l'activité des salariés lors de la dernière semaine travaillée. Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' décrit, au travers de fiches, les expositions professionnelles des salariés...
Heat Illness and Death Among Workers
United States, 2012–2013 Exposure to heat and hot environments puts workers at risk for heat stress, which can result in heat illnesses and death. This report describes findings from a review of 2012?2013 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) federal enforcement cases (i.e., inspections) resulting in citations under paragraph 5(a)(1), the "general duty clause" of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. That clause requires that each employer "furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that...
La radioprotection des travailleurs en 2013
Exposition professionnelle aux rayonnements ionisants en France Dans le cadre de sa mission de surveillance de l'exposition des travailleurs aux rayonnements ionisants, l'IRSN vient de publier ses résultats pour l'année 2013. Ceux-ci révèlent une baisse du nombre de travailleurs surveillés, avec 352 082 travailleurs surveillés en 2013, en léger recul de 0,7% par rapport à 2012. Si la dose collective enregistrée est en léger recul (-1% par rapport en 2012), l'IRSN pointe l'augmentation exceptionnelle des cas...
EWCS 2010 - Physical factors
Physical hazards as persistent as ever European workers remain as exposed to physical hazards as they did 20 years ago, the 5th European Working Conditions Survey shows. For instance, one in three workers (33%) carry heavy loads at least a quarter of their working time, while almost one in four (23%) are exposed to vibrations. Both these figures are unchanged since 2000. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/surveys/ewcs/2010/physicalfactors.htm
National Hazard Exposure Worker Surveillance - Sunlight Report
This report focuses on the exposure of Australian workers to direct sunlight and the control measures that are provided in workplaces that eliminate, reduce or control worker exposure to direct sunlight. The aims of this report are as follows: to describe patterns of exposure to direct sunlight in conjunction with patterns of direct sunlight control provision with respect to industry, occupation and other relevant demographic and employment variables, and; to make recommendations, where possible, for the development of OHS and workers' compensation policy. Source : http://www.safeworkaustralia...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives