Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Agents chimiques (RSS)
Programme national de surveillance du mésothéliome pleural (PNSM)
Vingt années de surveillance (1998-2017) des cas de mésothéliome, de leurs expositions et des processus d'indemnisation En 1998, la Direction générale du travail (DGT) et la Direction générale de la santé (DGS) des ministères respectifs ont saisi Santé publique France pour mettre en place un programme national de surveillance des effets sanitaires de l'amiante : le programme national de surveillance du mésothéliome pleural (PNSM), marqueur spécifique des expositions passées à l'amiante...
Santé travail : enjeux et actions. Les cancers reconnus d'origine professionnelle. Evolution statistique, actions de prévention et d'accompagnement des salariés exposés
Sur la période 2013-2017, l'Assurance Maladie - Risques professionnels a reconnu, en moyenne 1 840 cancers d'origine professionnelle par an,soit 0,5 % des nouveaux cas de cancers recensés en France. Sur la même période, plus de 50 000 maladies professionnelles ont été reconnues par an, liées majoritairement à des troubles musculo-squelettiques. Parmi les cancers professionnels reconnus, la part liée à l'amiante est prépondérante (80 % sur la période 2013-2017). Il s'agit de cancers du poumon...
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation — United States, 2013–2017
Summary What is already known about this topic? Approximately 25% of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have never smoked, and workplace exposures likely contribute to much of their disease. What is added by this report? During 2013–2017, an estimated 2.4 million (2.2%) U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years who never smoked had COPD. The highest COPD prevalences among persons who never smoked were in the information (3.3%) and mining (3.1%) industries and office and administrative support occupation workers (3.3%). Women had higher COPD prevalences than did men. What...
Beyond Determining Compliance: How Can Workers’ Compensation Insurers’ Exposure Data Be Improved and Used?
The workers' compensation system can be used for more than processing work-related illness or injury insurance claims. The data collected through this system provide valuable information to identify how these injuries and illnesses happen, so that they can be prevented. In recent years, use of workers' compensation injury and illness data in the public health field has grown. However, occupational exposure data (also known as industrial hygiene data) collected by many workers' compensation insurers is understudied. If analyzed, these data may help identify priority hazards and trends...
Current Marijuana Use by Industry and Occupation - Colorado, 2014–2015
The effects of marijuana use on workplace safety are of concern for public health and workplace safety professionals. Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws legalizing marijuana at the state level for recreational and/or medical purposes. Employers and safety professionals in states where marijuana use is legal have expressed concerns about potential increases in occupational injuries, such as on-the-job motor vehicle crashes, related to employee impairment. Data published in 2017 by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) showed that more than...
Cas incidents des maladies à déclaration obligatoire reliées à une exposition professionnelle à l’amiante dans le Système MADO-Chimique, Québec, 2006 – 2015
L'analyse des 2 234 cas incidents de maladies à déclaration obligatoire (MADO) reliées à une exposition professionnelle à l'amiante enregistrés dans le système MADO-Chimique entre 2006 et 2015 montre que : 98 % des cas sont des hommes. Chez les femmes, les mésothéliomes sont les maladies reliées à l'exposition à l'amiante les plus fréquentes, alors que chez les hommes ce sont les amiantoses qui prédominent. Près de 60 % des cas d'amiantose, près de 50 % des cas de...
Conditions reliées à l’exposition au béryllium au Québec : 1999-2011
Les dossiers médicaux de 123 travailleurs ayant soumis une réclamation à la Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) pour une condition reliée à l'exposition au béryllium entre le 1er janvier 1999 et le 31 décembre 2011 ont été analysés. Trois formes distinctes de conditions reliées au béryllium ont été étudiées, soit : la sensibilisation au béryllium, la bérylliose chronique asymptomatique...
The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure
Objectives: To estimate the economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure in Canada. Methods: We estimate the lifetime cost of newly diagnosed lung cancer and mesothelioma cases associated with occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure for calendar year 2011 based on the societal perspective. The key cost components considered are healthcare costs, productivity and output costs, and quality of life costs. Results: There were 427 cases of newly diagnosed mesothelioma cases and 1904 lung cancer cases attributable to asbestos...
Surveillance for Silicosis Deaths Among Persons Aged 15-44 Years
United States, 1999–2015 Silicosis is usually a disease of long latency affecting mostly older workers; therefore, silicosis deaths in young adults (aged 15–44 years) suggests acute or accelerated disease.* To understand the circumstances surrounding silicosis deaths among young persons, CDC analyzed the underlying and contributing causes† of death using multiple cause-of-death data (1999–2015) and industry and occupation information abstracted from death certificates (1999–2013). During 1999–2015, among 55 pneumoconiosis deaths of young adults with International...
Exposition des travailleurs québécois à des cancérogènes
Industries et groupes professionnels Les substances étudiées sont classées comme cancérogène « démontré » ou « soupçonné » chez l'humain (notations C1 et C2, respectivement) ou « démontré » chez l'animal (C3), selon l'annexe 1 du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail, ou encore comme cancérogène « avéré » ou « probable » pour l'humain (groupes 1 et 2A, respectivement), selon le...
Surveillance for Silicosis
Michigan and New Jersey, 2003–2011 CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003–2011 by Michigan and New Jersey, the only states that continue to provide data voluntarily to NIOSH. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/63/wr/mm6355a7.htm
Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Employed Adults
United States, 1994–2013 Since 1987, NIOSH and state health departments have maintained the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) Program, a state-based surveillance program of laboratory-reported adult BLLs. The BLL is an often-used estimate of recent external exposure to lead. This report summarizes data on elevated BLLs among employed adults during January 1, 1994–December 31, 2013. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/63/wr/mm6355a5.htm
Surveillance for Silicosis
Michigan and New Jersey, 2003-2010 CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003-2010. The data for this report were final as of December 31, 2010. Data are presented in tabular form on the prevalence of silicosis, the number of cases and the distribution of cases...
Acute Occupational Pesticide-Related Illness and Injury
United States, 2007-2010 CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illnesses and injuries reported by 11 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, North Carolina, New Mexico [2007-2008 only], New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes data on illnesses and injuries arising from occupational exposure to conventional pesticides during 2007-2010. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6254a2.htm
Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Employed Adults
United States, 1994-2012 The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and state health departments collect data on laboratory-reported adult blood lead levels (BLLs). This report presents data on elevated blood lead levels among employed adults in the United States for 1994-2012. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6254a4.htm
Occupational-Related Chemical Injuries
A Review of the Literature Although few occupational chemical injuries are reported each year, the severity of these injuries increases their importance to occupational health nurses who intervene to prevent these injuries by understanding their nature and etiology. This article is a review of the literature detailing specific occupational chemical injuries as well as a review of common occupational chemical injuries in the United States focusing on pulmonary, ocular, and burn injuries. Source: Lurati A. Workplace Health Saf . 2015; 63(7): 284-287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2165079915576924
Incidence of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura in Québec and Canada from 1984 to 2007, and projections from 2008 to 2032
Background: Continuous increase in male incidence of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura (MMP) despite the drop of asbestos production since 1980 in Québec motivated this study aiming to assess when the rates of MMP will decline. Methods: Age-standardized rates and trends were estimated over the 1984–2007 period by sex for Québec versus “Canada-excluding-Québec” (Can-Qc). An age-cohort regression was used to make projections for 2008–2032. Results: Average rates of MMP in Québec men and women were significantly higher than in Can-Qc. Projected...
Silicosis Mortality Trends and New Exposures to Respirable Crystalline Silica
United States, 2001–2010 Silicosis is a preventable occupational lung disease caused by the inhalation of respirable crystalline silica dust and can progress to respiratory failure and death (1). No effective specific treatment for silicosis is available; patients are provided supportive care, and some patients may be considered for lung transplantation. Chronic silicosis can develop or progress even after occupational exposure has ceased (1). The number of deaths from silicosis declined from 1,065 in 1968 to 165 in 2004 (2). Hazardous occupational exposures to silica dust have long been...
Exploring the Usefulness of Occupational Exposure Registries for Surveillance
The Case of the Ontario Asbestos Workers Registry (1986–2012) Objective: The ongoing presence of asbestos in products used across workplaces in Canada reinforces the importance of occupational exposure surveillance. This study evaluates the usefulness of the Ontario Asbestos Workers Registry. Methods: The study includes 30,829 workers aged 15 to 80 years. Researchers reported on the data quality and analyzed the proportions of workers exposed by industry, and standardized rates by geographic areas and over time. Results: The incidence of exposure started to decrease around 1990; but about...
Mortality and cancer incidence in a pooled cohort of US firefighters from San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia (1950–2009)
From previous studies, there is limited epidemiological evidence of increased risk of cancer from firefighting. We examined cancer in 30 000 career firefighters by pooling information from urban fire departments in three large US cities. The large sample size and long follow-up period improved risk estimates compared with previous studies. We report that firefighting may be associated with increased risk of solid cancers. Furthermore, we report a new finding of excess malignant mesothelioma among firefighters, suggesting the presence of an occupational disease from asbestos hazards in the workplace...
Diseases attributable to asbestos exposure: Years of potential life lost, United States, 1999–2010
Background Although asbestos use has been restricted in recent decades, asbestos-associated deaths continue to occur in the United States. Objectives We evaluated premature mortality and loss of potentially productive years of life attributable to asbestos-associated diseases. Methods Using 1999–2010 National Center for Health Statistics mortality data, we identified decedents aged ≥25 years whose death certificate listed asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma as the underlying cause of death. We computed years of potential life lost to life expectancy (YPLL) and to age 65 (YPLL65). Results...
First Australian Mesothelioma Report Confirms 612 Cases
Released by Safe Work Australia, this is the first annual report summarizing new diagnoses collected in the Australian Mesothelioma Registry, a new national registry that became operational in 2011. The initial annual report covering newly diagnosed cases of mesothelioma in Australia lists 612 cases, for a rate of 2.7 per 100,000 population, according to Safe Work Australia, which released it Sept. 13. The data come from the Australian Mesothelioma Registry, a new national registry that became operational in 2011; the agency cautions in the report that the 612 cases are "considered an underestimate...
La cessation anticipée d’activité des travailleurs de l’amiante reste la principale préretraite publique en 2010
Au cours de l'année 2010, 6 680 salariés du secteur privé sont entrés dans un dispositif de préretraite publique en France métropolitaine, soit un recul de 8 % par rapport à 2009. Fin 2010, un peu plus de 40 000 salariés du secteur privé étaient en préretraite publique, soit une baisse de 18 % par rapport à 2009. Ces évolutions s'inscrivent dans un contexte de fortes restrictions de l'accès aux préretraites, notamment depuis 2003, afin de favoriser le maintien en emploi des seniors...
Des indicateurs en santé travail. Risques professionnels dus à l’amiante
L'État a souhaité se doter, au niveau national, d'une série d'indicateurs destinés à suivre l'évolution de l'état sanitaire en France. Depuis sa création en 1998, le département santé travail (DST) de l'Institut de veille sanitaire (InVS) s'est attaché à développer des programmes de surveillance, afin de produire régulièrement de telles données et contribuer ainsi à améliorer la connaissance des risques professionnels. Les sources de données...
Pesticide incidents report
This report provides information on incidents and complaints involving reported pesticide pesticides investigated by the Field Operations Directorate (FOD) of the Health and incidents, including Safety Executive (HSE) between 1 April 2008 and 31 March 2009. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/fod/pir0809.pdf?ebul=hsegen/23-nov-2009&cr=22

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives