2019-08-01 12:00 - Messages

Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction sectors, 2006-2015

Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among noise‐exposed US workers within the Mining, and Oil and Gas Extraction (OGE) sectors.
Methods: Audiograms of 1.9 million workers across all industries (including 9389 in Mining and 1076 in OGE) from 2006 to 2015 were examined. Prevalence and adjusted risk as compared to a reference industry (Couriers and Messengers) were estimated for all industries combined and the Mining and OGE sectors and subsectors.
Results: The prevalences of HL in Mining and OGE were 24% and 14%, respectively, compared with 16% for all industries combined. Many Mining and one OGE subsector exceeded these prevalences and most had an adjusted risk (prevalence ratio) significantly greater than the reference industry. Some subsectors, particularly in OGE, could not be examined due to low sample size. The prevalences in Construction Sand and Gravel Mining and Natural Gas Liquid Extraction were 36% and 28%, respectively. Workers within Support Activities for Coal Mining had double the risk of HL than workers in the reference industry.
Conclusions: The many subsectors identified with high prevalences and/or worker risks for HL well above risks in the reference industry need critical attention to conserve worker hearing and maintain worker quality of life. Administrative and engineering controls can reduce worker hazardous noise exposures. Noise and ototoxic chemical exposure information is needed for many subsectors, as is audiometric testing results for OGE workers. Additional research is also needed to further characterize exposures and improve hearing conservation measures.

Source: Lawson, S. M., Masterson, E. A. et Azman, A. S. (2019). American journal of industrial medicine.

Health Risk Calculator

An Online, Interactive Tool to Estimate how Health Impacts Workers’ Compensation Claim Incidence and Cost
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe and evaluate a web-based, educational Health Risk Calculator that communicates the value of investing in employee health and well-being for the prevention of work-related injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.
Methods: We developed and evaluated the calculator following the RE-AIM framework. We assessed effectiveness via focus groups (n = 15) and a post-use survey (n = 33) and reach via website analytics.
Results: We observed evidence for the calculator's usability, educational benefit, and encouragement of action to improve worker health and safety. Website analytics data demonstrated that we reached over 300 users equally in urban and rural areas within 3 months after launch.
Conclusion: We urge researchers to consider the ways in which they can communicate their empirical research findings to their key stakeholders and to evaluate their communication efforts.

Source: Schwatka, N. V., Tenney, L., Dally, M. et Brockbank, C. (2019). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 61(7), 597-604.

Pour une maternité sans danger : Statistiques 2014-2017

Les statistiques présentées dans le document concernent les principales caractéristiques des travailleuses dont les réclamations relatives au programme Pour une maternité sans danger ont été reçues et acceptées. Le document porte notamment sur les risques les plus fréquents pour la femme enceinte ou l'enfant à naître et sur la répartition des réclamations selon le secteur d'activité, la profession, l'âge de la travailleuse et l'état d'avancement de la grossesse. ?

Source: https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx

Safe Work Australia - Number and incidence rate of work-related traumatic injury fatalities by Occupation - 2013-2017

This table provides work-related traumatic injury fatality numbers and rates by occupation major and sub-major groups.
This table has been updated with the latest data (from 2013-2017).

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/number-and-incidence-rate-work-related-traumatic-injury-fatalities-occupation-2013-2017

Suicide and drug-related mortality following occupational injury

BACKGROUND: Drug overdoses and suicides have been rising since 2000 and are major contributors to a 3-year decline in US life expectancy. Studies suggest that injured workers have elevated rates of depression and opioid use, but no studies have measured excess mortality related to these risks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We linked New Mexico workers' compensation data for 100 806 workers injured in 1994 through 2000 with Social Security Administration earnings and mortality data through 2013 and National Death Index cause of death data. We then estimated the association between receiving lost-time workers' compensation benefits and mortality hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) based on Fine and Gray cause-specific subdistribution hazards for common causes of death and for drug-related, suicide, and alcohol-related mortality. RESULTS: There was almost a 3-fold increase in combined drug-related and suicide mortality hazard among women (HR = 2.63, 95% CI = 1.91-3.64) and a substantial increase among men (HR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.13-1.79). Circulatory disease mortality hazard was elevated for men (HR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.05-1.50). CONCLUSION: Workplace injuries severe enough to require more than a week off work may impair workers' long-term health and well-being. Drug-related deaths and suicides may be important contributors to the long-term excess mortality of injured workers. Improved workplace conditions, improved pain treatment, better treatment of substance use disorders, and treatment of postinjury depression may substantially reduce mortality consequent to workplace injuries.

Source: Applebaum, K. M., Asfaw, A., O'Leary, P. K., Busey, A., Tripodis, Y. et Boden, L. I. (2019). American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

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