2017-07-01 12:00 - Messages

WorkSafeBC Statistics 2016

WorkSafeBC Statistics 2016 is a compendium of statistics that sheds additional light on WorkSafeBC's core areas of operation. This includes claims, assessments, prevention, and service.

Source: https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/about-us/annual-report-statistics/2016-stats

Surveillance for Silicosis Deaths Among Persons Aged 15-44 Years

United States, 1999–2015
Silicosis is usually a disease of long latency affecting mostly older workers; therefore, silicosis deaths in young adults (aged 15–44 years) suggests acute or accelerated disease.* To understand the circumstances surrounding silicosis deaths among young persons, CDC analyzed the underlying and contributing causes† of death using multiple cause-of-death data (1999–2015) and industry and occupation information abstracted from death certificates (1999–2013). During 1999–2015, among 55 pneumoconiosis deaths of young adults with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code J62 (pneumoconiosis due to dust containing silica),§ 38 (69%) had code J62.8 (pneumoconiosis due to other dust containing silica), and 17 (31%) had code J62.0 (pneumoconiosis due to talc dust) listed on their death certificate. Decedents whose cause of death code was J62.8 most frequently worked in the manufacturing and construction industries and production occupations where silica exposure is known to occur. Among the 17 decedents who had death certificates listing code J62.0 as cause of death, 13 had certificates with an underlying or a contributing cause of death code listed that indicated multiple drug use or drug overdose. In addition, 13 of the 17 death certificates listing code J62.0 as cause of death had information on decedent's industry and occupation; among the 13 decedents, none worked in talc exposure–associated jobs, suggesting that their talc exposure was nonoccupational. Examining detailed information on causes of death (including external causes) and industry and occupation of decedents is essential for identifying silicosis deaths associated with occupational exposures and reducing misclassification of silicosis mortality.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6628a2.htm?s_cid=mm6628a2_x

Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL)

Variation across occupation groups
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individual’s or group’s self-perception of their physical and mental health over time. HRQOL goes beyond the traditionally diagnosable health outcomes to provide a measure of well-being, it has become an important part of health surveillance. HRQOL is used outside of public health by fields such as psychology, social work, economics, and urban planning. HRQOL is used to determine disease burden, to monitor progress in achieving the Healthy People Goals, to guide policy and legislation, to develop interventions, and to allocate resources where they are most needed.
This study suggests that workers’ jobs are associated with their HRQOL. Further research is needed to understand how work exposures or characteristics influence HRQOL and what work exposures or characteristics have the largest impact on HRQOL.

Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2017/07/26/hrqol/

Mesothelioma Mortality by Geographical Area

Mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain 1981-2015
Previous descriptive analyses of mesothelioma death rates for geographical areas within Great Britain have highlighted the effect of geographically-specific sources of asbestos exposure: geographical areas with the highest mortality rates tend to be those known to contain large industrial sites such as shipyards and asbestos product factories.
This factsheet provides an update of analyses of mesothelioma mortality by Unitary Authority (UA) and Local Authority (LA) area to include deaths occurring during the period 1981 to 2015, the longest period for which data are available according to the current UA and LA structure. It also provides more detailed analysis of temporal trends within these geographical areas using Generalised Additive Models (see Annex 1 for further details).
The analyses are based on the last area of residence of the deceased, as recorded on death certificates, and use Standardised Mortality Ratios (SMRs) which compare the mortality rate in a particular area with the mortality rate for GB, taking account of age differences (see Annex 1 for further details). SMRs are expressed as a percentage: values higher or lower than 100 indicate mesothelioma rates that are higher or lower, respectively, than for GB as a whole.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/mesothelioma/mesoarea1981to2015.pdf

Les activités rémunérées des étudiants: quelles formes et quelle organisation?

En moyenne de 2013 à 2015, parmi les 2,4 millions de jeunes âgés de 18 à 29 ans qui suivent des études dans l'enseignement supérieur, près de 23 % sont actifs au sens du Bureau international du travail (BIT). L'activité rémunérée d'un étudiant est particulière en raison du cumul de l'emploi et des études. Le taux et les formes d'emploi des étudiants varient en fonction du calendrier des études. Les étudiants qui travaillent déclarent majoritairement choisir d'occuper des contrats courts (CDD, contrat saisonnier ou contrat d'intérim) ou des emplois à temps partiel. Par ailleurs, les emplois revêtent de nombreuses formes dont le principal critère de différenciation est le lien avec les études.
Parmi les étudiants qui travaillent, plus de la moitié exerce une activité prévue par leurs études (stage, apprentissage, internat de médecine, etc.). Les autres exercent une activité sans lien avec leurs études, occasionnellement ou régulièrement au long de l'année. Ces activités non liées aux études correspondent plus souvent à des emplois moins qualifiés et à temps partiel. Elles peuvent néanmoins représenter une charge horaire lourde et contraignante vis-à-vis du temps requis par les études, en particulier lorsque l'activité est régulière.

Source: http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-activites-remunerees-des-etudiants-quelles-formes-et-quelle-organisation

Fatal injuries arising from accidents at work in Great Britain

Headline results 2016/17
This report provides headline numbers on workplace fatal injuries that were reported to enforcing authorities in 2016/17. It includes both fatal injuries to workers and to members of the public. The 2016/17 figures are currently provisional, and marked as ‘p' and will be finalised in July 2018 to take account of any necessary adjustments.
Fatal injuries are thankfully rare events. There is a degree of chance and randomness to the annual count resulting in an element of natural variation from one year's count to the next. To allow for this natural variation, alongside figures for 2016/17, this report also presents the annual average estimate for the five years 2012/13-2016/17, which reduces the effect of year-on-year fluctuations and gives a more stable current picture.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm

Young Worker Injury Deaths

A Historical Summary of Surveillance and Investigative Findings
This document presents surveillance data summaries on young worker fatal injuries covering the 20-year period from 1994 to 2013. These summaries provide an assessment of fatality patterns and trends by industry, state, region and various demographic and injury variables. Complementing the summary of surveillance data is the presentation of investigative data summaries from case reports of fatal injuries to young workers for a 29-year period, 1982 to 2010. The investigations provide a richness of detail not available from the surveillance data. Collectively, the surveillance and investigative data summaries in this document provide insight for identifying issues affecting employed youth, recommending prevention measures, and assessing the effectiveness of child labor laws.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2017-168/

Burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise

A quantification of healthy life years lost in Sweden
This paper provides the first estimation of the health burden in terms of disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) of noise from the transport sector in Sweden. Assessments of health impacts of noise on a national level are still rare, but provide valuable tools for policymakers in order to prevent and abate environmental noise exposure.

Source: Eriksson, C., Bodin, T., & Selander, J. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3653

La santé au travail des hommes et des femmes au Québec, ce que révèlent les résultats de L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population

Dans cet article, nous nous intéressons aux contraintes physiques du travail, à la prévalence de troubles musculosquelettiques au travail, à la conciliation emploi-famille et au harcèlement psychologique. Les deux premiers indicateurs s’apparentent à la santé physique des travailleurs et des travailleuses (contraintes physiques et TMS). Les études en santé et en sécurité du travail montrent que ces indicateurs sont associés à l’emploi et au milieu de travail des hommes et des femmes. On y trouve aussi deux indicateurs liés à la santé mentale (conciliation, harcèlement). En effet, Boulet (2013) montre que l’accès aux pratiques de conciliation travail et vie personnelle atténue le score moyen de détresse psychologique des travailleurs du Québec. Quant au harcèlement psychologique, il est entre autres lié à des symptômes dépressifs et au syndrome de stress post-traumatique. Comme la conciliation travail-famille et le harcèlement psychologique relèvent des conditions organisationnelles, il est intéressant d’observer leurs associations avec les autres conditions de travail.
Nous présentons aussi un portrait régional différencié selon le sexe. En effet, les structures industrielles varient d’une région à l’autre et peuvent influencer différemment les indicateurs de santé des travailleurs et des travailleuses.

Source: http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/travail-remuneration/bulletins/flash-info-201706.pdf#page=11

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