2016-12-01 12:00 - Messages

Les travailleurs invisibles

Les risques pour la santé des travailleurs des agences de location de personnel
La croissance du marché de l'emploi atypique contribue à la précarisation des conditions de vie et de travail d'un nombre important de travailleurs. Bien que toutes les formes d'emploi atypique ne soient pas nécessairement précaires, elles offrent généralement une moins bonne protection sociale et des salaires moins élevés. Le travail par l'intermédiaire des agences de location de personnel, une forme d'emploi atypique, a augmenté significativement au Québec et au Canada au cours des dernières années, ce qui laisse à penser que le nombre de travailleurs touchés par des conditions d'emploi précaires a subi la même croissance.
Étant donné le manque de connaissances sur l'impact sanitaire de la précarité d'emploi et sur son potentiel d'accroître les inégalités sociales de santé sur l'île de Montréal, le directeur de santé publique de Montréal consacre son rapport de l'année 2016 aux travailleurs d'agence de location de personnel. Ce rapport vise deux objectifs : peindre un portrait des conditions de travail du personnel d'agence et proposer une feuille de route susceptible de les améliorer.

Source: http://www.dsp.santemontreal.qc.ca/fileadmin/documents/dossiers_thematiques/Autres_thematiques/Rapport_2016/Rapdir_2016_FR_Web.pdf

Work-related traumatic injury fatalities - Western Australia 2006-2007 to 2015-2016

The information provided in this report is based primarily on data collected from WorkSafe investigation records of work-related fatalities known and reported to the WorkSafe Division.

Source: http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/sites/default/files/atoms/files/sowefatalities2015-2016.pdf

Obscured by administrative data?

Racial disparities in occupational injury
This study finds that administrative injury data – the backbone of national occupational health surveillance systems – may systematically underestimate injury rates among racial minority healthcare workers in the US. Employers should both examine why underlying injury rates are higher among minority workers and adjust reporting practices to reduce racial disparities in formal injury reporting practices.

Source: Sabbath EL, Boden LI, Williams JAR, Hashimoto D, Hopcia K, Sorensen G. (2016). Scand J Work Environ Health.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3611

Asthma Among Employed Adults, by Industry and Occupation - 21 States (2013)

Workers in various industries and occupations are at risk for work-related asthma. Data from the 2006–2007 adult Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), an in-depth asthma survey conducted with respondents who report an asthma diagnosis, from 33 states indicated that up to 48% of adult current asthma might be related to work and could therefore potentially be prevented (2). Identification of the industries and occupations with increased prevalence of asthma might inform work-related asthma intervention and prevention efforts. To assess the industry-specific and occupation-specific proportions of adults with current asthma by state, CDC analyzed data from the 2013 BRFSS industry and occupation module, collected from 21 states for participants aged ≥18 years who, at the time of the survey interview, were employed or had been out of work for <12 months. Among these respondents, 7.7% had current asthma; based on the Asthma Call-back Survey results, this finding means as many as 2.7 million U.S. workers might have asthma caused by or exacerbated by workplace conditions. State-specific variations in the prevalence of current asthma by industry and occupation were observed. By state, current asthma prevalence was highest among workers in the information industry (18.0%) in Massachusetts and in health care support occupations (21.5%) in Michigan. Analysis of BRFSS industry and occupation and optional asthma modules can be used to identify industries and occupations to assess for asthma among workers, identify workplace exposures, and guide the design and evaluation of effective work-related asthma prevention and education programs.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6547a1.htm?s_cid=mm6547a1_x

Health and Safety Statistics - Annual Report for Great Britain 2015/16

Key figures for Great Britain (2015/16)
1.3 million working people suffering from a work-related illness
2,515 mesothelioma deaths due to past asbestos exposures (2014)
144 workers killed at work
72,702 other injuries to employees reported under RIDDOR
621,000 injuries occurred at work according to the Labour Force Survey
30.4 million working days lost due to work-related illness and workplace injury billion estimated cost of injuries and ill health from current working conditions

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/

Hepatitis C among healthcare personnel

Secondary data analyses of costs and trends for hepatitis C infections with occupational causes
Background: Hepatitis C infection is a global public health issue. Chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the costs for occupationally-cased hepatitis C infections based on data from an accident insurance carrier.
Methods: This study is a secondary analysis based on the Database of a German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance. The analysis is based on a sample of insured parties whose hepatitis C infections were recorded as occupational diseases between 1996 and 2013. The analysis is based on recognised hepatitis C cases and incorporates records registered between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2014.
Results: Within the study period, the number of reported and recognised hepatitis C cases declined by 73 and 86% respectively. The majority of recognised hepatitis C cases (n = 1.121) were female, older than 40 years and were active in a medical nursing profession. In the study period, the costs came to a total of € 87.9 million, of which 60% was attributable to pension payments (€ 51,570,830) and around 15% was attributable to pharmaceutical and medicinal products (€ 12,978,318). Expenses for drugs exhibited heavy increases in 2012 (from around € 500,000–800,000 to € 1.7 million) and 2014 (to € 2.5 million) in particular. Pension payments came to € 1.6 million in 2000 and rose continuously to over € 4 million in 2014. Expenses for occupational rehabilitation accounted for less than 1%.
Conclusions: For hepatitis C infections as an occupational disease, a considerable increase in costs has been observed in recent years, while the number of reports has declined heavily. This rise in costs is explained by the increase in pension payments and, since 2012, by a rise in the costs for drugs. The high costs of anti-viral therapies is offset by the potential for considerable treatment benefits. Healing the infection is expected to generate long-term cost savings for statutory accident insurance carriers, and also for social security systems.

Source: Westermann, C., Dulon, M., Wendeler, D., & Nienhaus, A. (2016). Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 11(1), 52.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12995-016-0142-5

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