2016-10-01 12:00 - Messages

Comparison of workers’ compensation arrangements in Australia and New Zealand 2016

The Comparison of Workers’ Compensation Arrangements in Australia and New Zealand 2016 aims to provide all stakeholders with information to assist them in understanding workers’ compensation arrangements in Australia and New Zealand.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/workers-compensation-australia-nz-comparison

Troubles musculosquelettiques: Quelle reconnaissance en maladies professionnelles en Europe ?

Étude sur dix pays européens
EUROGIP publie les résultats d'une étude sur la reconnaissance des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) en maladies professionnelles en Allemagne, Autriche, Belgique, Danemark, Espagne, Finlande, France, Italie, Suède et Suisse.
L'étude s'articule autour :
d'un panorama exhaustif des TMS susceptibles d'être reconnus en MP et des facteurs qui entrent en ligne de compte dans cette reconnaissance,
de 4 cas pratiques représentatifs de TMS fréquents chez les travailleurs - le syndrome du canal carpien, la tendinopathie de la coiffe des rotateurs, la lombalgie et l'épicondylite - qui permettent d'illustrer les pratiques en vigueur,
de statistiques comparées de sinistralité pour apprécier le volume de TMS pris en charge par chacun des pays et leur évolution entre 2007 et 2014.

Source: http://www.eurogip.fr/fr/produits-information/publications-d-eurogip/4423-tms-quelle-reconnaissance-en-maladies-professionnelles-en-europe-2

CNESST - Statistiques annuelles 2015

Ce document contient une série de tableaux et graphiques qui présentent les différentes activités de la CSST au cours de l'année 2015, en regard des éléments de sa mission, soit la prévention-inspection, la réparation et le financement.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx

2015 Work-related traumatic injury fatalities - Australia 2015

The report shows that in 2015, 195 workers died from injuries received at work. This continues the positive downward trend in the worker fatality rate with 1.6 fatalities per 100,000 workers recorded in 2015 - the lowest rate since the series began in 2003.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/news/pages/work-related-traumatic-injury-fatalities-2015-report

Global patterns of workplace productivity for people with depression

Absenteeism and presenteeism costs across eight diverse countries
Purpose: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries.
Methods: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries: Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, South Africa, and the USA. We also examined the individual, workplace, and societal factors associated with lower productivity.
Results: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the impact of depression on workplace productivity across a diverse set of countries, in terms of both culture and GDP. Mean annual per person costs for absenteeism were lowest in South Korea at $181 and highest in Japan ($2674). Mean presenteeism costs per person were highest in the USA ($5524) and Brazil ($5788). Costs associated with presenteeism tended to be 5–10 times higher than those associated with absenteeism.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that the impact of depression in the workplace is considerable across all countries, both in absolute monetary terms and in relation to proportion of country GDP. Overall, depression is an issue deserving much greater attention, regardless of a country's economic development, national income or culture.

Source: Evans-Lacko, S. & Knapp, M. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2016).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-016-1278-4

Safety at the workplace: accidents and illnesses

The topic of work safety is a very relevant and multifaceted problem for workers, firms and policy makers. Differing from other narrow-scope studies, this article aims to enrich the understanding of workplace safety as a whole by applying econometric techniques on data from the Italian Labour Force Survey. Findings show poor working conditions are the most significant determinants of accidents and illnesses occurring at work, while having a fixed-term (temporary) contract is not significant. Other significant determinants of work safety are: not being new to the workforce; dissatisfaction with the current job; gender; and a latent proneness observed with occurrence of accident on the way to work. This article also highlights that work related accidents and illnesses are two deeply correlated phenomena and that there is a structural break after three years on the job.

Source: Cioni, Martina. (2016). Work Employment & Society, 30 (5), 858-875.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0950017015590759

Capturing Work-related Injuries from Emergency Department Data

Work-related injuries frequently occur, despite the fact that many are preventable. It is critical that we accurately describe and monitor these injuries in order to improve prevention efforts.
Because there is no comprehensive data source that captures all work-related injuries, the occupational injury community relies on multiple sources to describe the problem. The occupational supplement to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS-Work) is a surveillance system that provides one piece of the picture by capturing nonfatal occupational injuries treated in emergency departments (ED). The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) works with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission to capture NEISS-Work data from a national sample of approximately 67 hospital EDs. These data include persons working for pay or compensation, working on a farm, or volunteering for an organized group.

Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2016/10/07/niess-work/

A Seven-Year Longitudinal Claim Analysis to Assess the Factors Contributing to the Increased Severity of Work-Related Injuries

Background: In recent decades, the frequency of Medical Only (MO) and Lost Time (LT) workers' compensation claims has decreased, while average severity (medical and indemnity costs) has increased.
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare claim frequency, mix, and severity (cost) over two periods using a claim cohort follow-up method.
Methods: Sixty-two thousand five hundred thirty-three claims during two periods (1999 to 2002 and 2003 to 2006) were followed seven years postinjury. Descriptive analysis and significant testing methods were used to compare claim frequency and costs.
Results: The number of claims per $1 M of premium decreased 50.4% for MO claims and 35.6% for LT claims, consequently increasing the LT claim proportion. The average cost of LT claims did not increase.
Conclusion: The severity increase is attributable to the proportional change in LT and MO claims. While the number of LT claims decreased, the inflation-adjusted average cost of LT claims did not increase.

Source: Kalia, Nimisha, Lavin, Robert A., Yuspeh, Larry, Bernacki, Edward J., MPH; Tao, Xuguang. (2016). Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 58 (9),  e320-e324.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000842

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