2016-08-01 12:00 - Messages

Cardiovascular Health Status by Occupational Group - 21 States, 2013

Work conditions and organization have a direct impact on health. Findings from studies indicate the existence of an association between cardiovascular disease and certain job factors and between specific cardiovascular disease health behaviors (e.g., smoking status, etc.) and occupational group.
Using population-based data, occupational group was found to be significantly associated with both the individual cardiovascular health metrics (CHMs) and the CHM summary score. In 2013, prevalence of meeting two or fewer CHMs ranged from 5.0% among farming, fishing, and forestry employees to 14.6% among community and social services employees.

Source: Shockey TM, Sussell AL, Odom EC. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016; 65: 793-798. 
http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6531a1

The relationship between chronic conditions and absenteeism and associated costs in Canada

Objectives: This study aimed to measure and compare the relationship between chronic diseases and the number of absent workdays due to health problems and the associated costs among working Canadians.
Methods: The study sample included respondents to the 2010 Canadian Community Health Survey between aged 15–75 years who reported employment in the past three months. Respondents reported their number of absent workdays due to health problems and chronic conditions. A negative binomial regression was used to estimate the incremental absent workdays associated with having a particular chronic condition (of 16 conditions), conditional on other chronic conditions and confounders. For each condition, we calculated the incremental number of absent workdays, the incremental productivity loss attributed to absenteeism per employee, and the overall productivity loss in the population.
Results: The final sample consisted of 28 678 respondents representing 15 468 788 employed Canadians. The average number of absent workdays due to health problems was 1.35 days over a 3-month period. The three conditions with the greatest association with absent workdays were mood disorders, heart disease, and bowel disorders. They were associated with 1.17, 0.81, and 0.80 additional absent workdays, respectively, compared to workers without this condition, holding other conditions and confounders at their means. At the national working population level, back problems (CAD$621 million), mood disorders (CAD$299 million) and migraine (CAD$245 million) accounted for the largest incremental productivity loss.
Conclusions: Chronic conditions, especially mood disorders and back problems, are associated with substantial work productivity loss. The study findings can help policy-makers and employers prioritize their programs and resources aimed at reducing absenteeism among the working population with chronic conditions.

Source: Zhang W, McLeod C, Koehoorn M. Scand J Work Environ Health, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3583

Characteristics of Cardiac Arrest Occurring in the Workplace: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Paris Area Fire Brigade Registry

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in different workplaces, their management, and the survival rate.
Methods: A post hoc analysis included all the OHCA cases that occurred at the workplace and were listed in the Fire Brigade of Paris database registry (2010 to 2014). Utstein-style variables, survival, and types of workplace were analyzed.
Results: The study included 298 OHCA cases, mostly young (44% between 18 and 50 years), male (86%), and nontraumatic (86%). Differences in the survival chain were found to be related to the types of work location: bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed in 0% to 55% of cases, and workplace-automated external defibrillators were used in 0% to 20% of cases. Long-term survival without major incapacity was 0% to 23%.
Conclusions: The characteristics of OHCA differ as a function of the type of workplace.

Source: Palaghita, Andreea; Jost, Daniel; Despreaux, Thomas; Bougouin, Wulfran; Beganton, Frankie; Loeb, Thomas; Tourtier, Jean Pierre; Descatha, Alexis. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: August 2016, Volume 58, Issue 8, p. 747-752.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000783

HSE - Fatal injury statistics

- The provisional figure for the number of workers fatally injured in 2015/16 is 144, and corresponds to a rate of fatal injury of 0.46 deaths per 100,000 workers.
- The figure of 144 worker deaths in 2015/16 is 7% lower than the average for the past five years (155). The latest rate of fatal injury of 0.46 compares to the five-year average rate of 0.52.
- The finalised figure for 2014/15 is 142 worker fatalities, and corresponds to a rate of 0.46 deaths per 100,000 workers.
- Over the latest 20-year time period there has been a downward trend in the rate of fatal injury, although in recent years this shows signs of levelling off.
- There were 67 members of the public fatally injured in accidents connected to work in 2015/16 (excluding incidents relating to railways, and those enforced by the Care Quality Commission).

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm

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