2016-06-01 12:00 - Messages

HSA - Statistics Report 2015

The tables and graphs contained in this publication outline the most recently available statistics on occupational injury, illness and workplace fatalities in Ireland.

Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2015.70703.shortcut.html

The Economic Impact of Psychological Distress in the Australian Coal Mining Industry

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the economic impact of psychological distress among employees of the Australian Coal Mining Industry.
Methods: Sample data were gathered from 1456 coal mining staff across eight sites in two Australian states. Two measures were taken of work time lost over four weeks due to psychological distress: (1) full-day absences; (2) presenteeism. Lost work time was valued using hourly wages. Sample data was modeled to estimate annual monetary losses for the Australian Coal Mining Industry.
Results: For the sample, estimated annual value of time lost due to psychological distress was $4.9 million ($AUS2015) ($0.61 million per mine), and for the Australian Coal Mining Industry, $153.8 million ($AUS2015).
Conclusion: Psychological distress is a significant cost for the Australian Coal Mining Industry. Relevant intervention programs are potentially cost-effective.

Source: Ling, Rod; Kelly, Brian; Considine, Robyn; Tynan, Ross; Searles, Andrew; Doran, Christopher M. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: May 2016, Volume 58, Issue 5, p. e171-e176.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000714

A New Method of Assessing the Impact of Evidence-Based Medicine on Claim Outcomes

Objective: The objective of this study is to develop a method of quantifying compliance with Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) guidelines as a means of assessing the relationship between the use of EBM guidelines and illness absence and costs in workers' compensation.
Methods: A total of 45,951 indemnity claims with two years of development filed between 2008 and 2013 were utilized to develop the methodology.
Results: The newly developed methodology adequately assessed the relationship between claim outcomes (duration and medical incurred) and adherence to EBM guidelines, controlling for medical complexity, distinct number of International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 codes, and other confounding factors.
Conclusions: The compliance score described in this paper may be a useful tool for determining the impact of worker's compensation treatment guidelines on claim outcomes.

Source: Hunt, Dan L.; Tower, Jack; Artuso, Ryan D.; White, Jeffrey A.; Bilinski, Craig; Rademacher, James; Tao, Xuguang; Bernacki, Edward J. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: May 2016, Volume 58, Issue 5, p. 519-524.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000718

Return to Work Survey 2016 - Australia

In 2012 a working group consisting of representatives of Australian and New Zealand workers' compensation authorities, unions and employer groups developed a survey instrument and sampling methodology to be used to measure return to work outcomes of injured workers receiving workers' compensation and to better understand the experience of those injured workers and the factors that may have an effect on their return to work. In June 2012 Safe Work Australia's Strategic Issues Group for Workers' Compensation agreed to the survey instrument and methodology developed by the working group and the Social Research Centre was contracted to run the survey. In 2014, Safe Work Australia agreed that the survey should be run biennially. This is the third time the revised Return to Work Survey has been run.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/return-to-work-survey-2016

Occupational fatalities among young workers in the United States: 2001–2012

Background: While adolescent workers in the United States (US) are protected by child labor laws, they continue to suffer fatal occupational injuries. This study was designed to provide a comprehensive profile of occupational fatalities among this sub-population of US workers.
Methods: Using Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries data between 2001 and 2012, we calculated descriptive statistics and rates to examine the magnitude and nature of fatalities among workers under age 18.
Results: During the study period, there were 406 fatalities among young workers which translated into 24,790 years of potential life lost; 12,241 of which were in agriculture alone. Rates declined since 2001 yet Hispanics, foreign-born workers, males, and those working in agriculture continued to suffer a disproportionate fatality burden.
Conclusions: Efforts to reduce young worker fatalities should focus on male Hispanics,particularly those who are foreign-born, as well as agricultural workers as these groups have the greatest fatality risks.

Source: Kimberly J. Rauscher and Douglas J. Myers. American journal of industrial medicine, Vol. 59, no 6, June 2016, p. 445–452.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22581

Hired crop worker injuries on farms in the United States

A comparison of two survey periods from the National Agricultural Workers Survey
Background: Hired crop workers in the United States are at high risk of occupational injury. Targeted surveillance is important for effective occupational safety efforts.
Methods: The National Agricultural Workers Survey was utilized to collect injury data during the years 1999, 2002–2004 (period I) and 2008–2010 (period II).
Results: The overall injury rate declined between the two periods from 4.3 to 2.9/100 per full-time week-based equivalents (FTEWB). Injury rates remained high during both periods for those with greater than 20 years farm experience (3.6 and 3.8/100 FTEWB) and pesticide handling work (4.9 and 5.0/100 FTEWB). Overexertion, contact with objects and equipment, and falls from height were common during both periods. Older workers comprised a greater proportion of injury cases in period II.
Conclusion: Overexertion that leads to sprains/strains, dangerous ladder use, and pesticide use should be targeted as important risk exposures on the farm.

Source: Theresa R. Tonozzi and Larry A. Layne. American journal of industrial medicine, Vol. 59, no 5, May 2016, p. 408-423.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22578

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