2015-08-01 12:00 - Messages

Comparison of workers’ compensation arrangements in Australia and New Zealand (2015)

The Comparison of Workers' Compensation Arrangements in Australia and New Zealand aims to provide all stakeholders with information to assist them in understanding workers' compensation arrangements in Australia and New Zealand.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/comparison2015

How reliable and valid is the coding of the variables of the European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW)?

A need to improve preventive public policies
Great efforts have been made in the European Union to harmonize data gathering for work accident statistics, as they are basic for the decision making of the different agents involved in occupational risk prevention.
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyse the coding reliability and validity of a set of variables of work accident report forms notified to the Catalan labour authority.
METHODS: Cross sectional double-blind study. Study population: workers who had suffered a work accident with associated sick leave between October 1st and December 31st 2010 in Catalonia. Reliability of variables related to the characteristics of the worker, their workplace and the accident was analysed with the agreement reliability coefficient (Kappa index). Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated to determine its validity.
RESULTS: The variables selected in relation to the characteristics of the worker and his/her workplace had a good to excellent reliability; those variables related to the accident causes had low to moderate reliability.
CONCLUSIONS: There is great room for improvement in the quality of data of work accident report forms and the different governments involved should increase their efforts in this sense. These actions should be aimed to improve quality of preventive public policies and its efficiency.

Source: Molinero-Ruiz E, Pitarque S, Fondevila-McDonald Y, Martin-Bustamante M. Safety Sci. 2015; 79: 72-79.

Modelling the economic impacts of an accident at major hazard sites

This report documents the development, implementation and results of a model to estimate the economic costs of accidents at major hazard sites in Great Britain, focusing on the impacts of the accident, and taking into consideration a broad spectrum of losses. A catastrophe-modelling type approach was used to structure the work, based around model components for hazard, vulnerability and economic cost. The model was developed by the Health and Safety Laboratory in Buxton (HSL) with further input from the Welsh Economic Research Unit at Cardiff Business School and HSE, and used the COCO-2 model developed by Public Health England for nuclear site accidents as a starting point of reference.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1055.htm

HSE - Statistics on fatal injuries in the workplace in Great Britain 2015

The information in this document relates to the latest 'full-year' statistics on fatal injuries in the workplace, for 2014/15.
- The provisional figure for the number of workers fatally injured in 2014/15 is 142, and corresponds to a rate of fatal injury of 0.46 deaths per 100,000 workers.
- The figure of 142 worker deaths in 2014/15 is 9% lower than the average for the past five years (156). The latest rate of fatal injury of 0.46 compares to the five-year average rate of 0.53.
- The finalised figure for 2013/14 is 136 worker fatalities, and corresponds to a rate of 0.45 deaths per 100,000 workers.
- Over the latest 20-year time period there has been a downward trend in the rate of fatal injury, although more recently (since 2008/09) the trend is less clear.
- There were 102 members of the public fatally injured in accidents connected to work in 2014/15 (excluding railways-related incidents).

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/fatals.htm

Occupational-Related Chemical Injuries

A Review of the Literature
Although few occupational chemical injuries are reported each year, the severity of these injuries increases their importance to occupational health nurses who intervene to prevent these injuries by understanding their nature and etiology. This article is a review of the literature detailing specific occupational chemical injuries as well as a review of common occupational chemical injuries in the United States focusing on pulmonary, ocular, and burn injuries.

Source: Lurati A. Workplace Health Saf. 2015; 63(7): 284-287.

Photographie statistique des accidents de travail, des accidents de trajet et des maladies professionnelles en France selon le sexe entre 2001 et 2013

Depuis 2011, dans le cadre d'un projet relatif à la "santé et les conditions de travail des femmes et des hommes en France", l'Anact met à jour annuellement une analyse sexuée des accidents de travail, des accidents de trajets et des maladie professionnelles à partir des statistiques de sinistralité au travail des salariés, fournies par la Cnam-TS.
Cette étude quantitative longitudinale de la sinistralité au travail en France entre 2001 et 2013 met en lumière des différences d'évolution selon le sexe méconnues.

Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/RSS?p_thingIdToShow=43275669

Aviation-Related Wildland Firefighter Fatalities

United States, 2000–2013
Airplanes and helicopters are integral to the management and suppression of wildfires, often operating in high-risk, low-altitude environments. To update data on aviation-related wildland firefighting fatalities, identify risk factors, and make recommendations for improved safety, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed reports from multiple data sources for the period 2000–2013. Among 298 wildland firefighter fatalities identified during 2000–2013, 78 (26.2%) were aviation-related occupational fatalities that occurred during 41 separate events involving 42 aircraft. Aircraft crashes accounted for 38 events. Pilots, copilots, and flight engineers represented 53 (68%) of the aviation-related fatalities. The leading causes of fatal aircraft crashes were engine, structure, or component failure (24%); pilot loss of control (24%); failure to maintain clearance from terrain, water, or objects (20%); and hazardous weather (15%). To reduce fatalities from aviation-related wildland firefighting activities, stringent safety guidelines need to be followed during all phases of firefighting, including training exercises. Crew resource management techniques, which use all available resources, information, equipment, and personnel to achieve safe and efficient flight operations, can be applied to firefighting operations.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6429a4.htm?s_cid=mm6429a4_e

Rapport annuel statistique du Fonds des maladies professionnelles (FMP) 2014

Le rapport statistique annuel présente des centaines de tableaux et graphiques reprenant les statistiques sur le travail du FMP en 2014.

Source: http://www.fmp-fbz.fgov.be/web/pdfdocs/Jaarverslagen/FR/Rapport%20statistique%202014.pdf

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