2015-07-01 12:00 - Messages

Statistiques sur les lésions attribuables aux TMS en milieu de travail 2011-2014

Cette publication vise à documenter les lésions attribuables aux troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS) en milieu de travail sous les aspects administratif, médical et socio-économique, dans un souci de qualité et d'uniformité des informations transmises sur le sujet. Les données qu'elle contient sont tirées des banques informationnelles de la CSST.

Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_322.aspx

A Retrospective Evaluation of Injuries to Australian Urban Firefighters (2003 to 2012)

Injury Types, Locations, and Causal Mechanisms
Objective: Benchmark data were sought for evaluating injury trends within Australian firefighters.
Methods: Work-related injury data from Australia's largest urban fire and rescue organization were analyzed (2003 to 2012), with an emphasis on classification (occurrence, mechanism, agency, nature, and location) and demographic details.
Results: Firefighters were injured on 6997 occasions (177 injuries per annum per 1000 full-time employees). The largest causal mechanism was muscular stress (74 injuries per 1000 full-time employees annually), with 62.1% of those incidents involving materials handling and slips, trips, and falls. No single mechanism could explain more than 20% of the injuries. The principal injury type involved sprains and strains. The most commonly injured sites were the knee, lower back, shoulder, and ankle.
Conclusions: These observations provide a basis for intervention strategies that target sprains and strains associated with materials handling and slips, trips, and falls.

Source: Taylor, Nigel A. S.; Dodd, Megan J.; Taylor, Elizabeth A.; Donohoe, Alison M. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: July 2015, Volume 57, Issue 7, p. 757-764.

Work productivity loss in young workers

This report estimates work productivity loss due to musculoskeletal pain in 23-year-old workers in Western Australia based on findings from the longitudinal Raine Study.
The report ascertains the prevalence of diagnosed back and neck pain among young workers, provides estimates of work productivity loss among young workers and examines the impact of musculoskeletal pain specifically on work productivity. Productivity measures used in this report are absenteeism due to health reasons, absenteeism due to any other reason, and presenteeism. The report also assesses the prevalence of psychological conditions, such as depression and anxiety, among young people.
This research report has been written to inform the development of work health and safety policies. The views and conclusions expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of Safe Work Australia Members.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/young-workers

Surdité professionnelle : cas acceptés par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail au Québec

Mise à jour 1997-2012
Ce feuillet est la mise à jour d'une étude publiée en 2014. Il montre que le nombre de cas de surdité professionnelle causée par le bruit continue d'augmenter bien que cette maladie puisse être évitée, car les moyens de la prévenir sont connus.

Source: https://www.inspq.qc.ca/publications/2018

Sinistralité au travail : des tendances d’évolution différenciées selon le sexe

L'Anact actualise chaque année, depuis 4 ans, une analyse des accidents du travail, de trajet et des maladies professionnelles selon le sexe, réalisée à partir des tableaux statistiques de sinistralité de la Cnam-TS. Cette étude quantitative met en lumière l'évolution sur 12 ans des écarts entre les femmes et les hommes en matière de santé au travail. Enseignements et préconisations.

Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=43021665

Absenteeism due to Functional Limitations Caused by Seven Common Chronic Diseases in US Workers

Objective: The study examined the relationship between functional limitation due to chronic diseases and absenteeism among full-time workers. The studied chronic diseases include arthritis/rheumatism, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, and stroke.
Methods: We analyzed data from the 2011 to 2013 National Health Interview Survey. Economic impact was determined by workdays lost and lost income.
Results: Increase in absenteeism was observed for each studied condition. Employees with multiple conditions also saw increase absenteeism. Employers lose 28.2 million workdays annually ($4.95 billion in lost income) due to functional limitation caused by chronic diseases.
Conclusions: The results show a burden on society due to functional limitation caused by studied chronic diseases. Employers should look into implementing intervention/prevention programs, such as the Chronic Disease Self-Management Programs, to help reduce the cost associated with absenteeism.

Source: Vuong, Tam D.; Wei, Feifei; Beverly, Claudia J. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Médicine, July 2015, Volume 57, Issue 7, p. 779-784.

Maladies à caractère professionnel chez les salariés des entreprises agricoles

Résultats 2008-2012
Ce programme de surveillance, qui s'appuie sur la clinique médicale du travail et l'expertise des médecins du travail, permet d'établir des diagnostics régionaux, nationaux, par secteur d'activité, et de disposer ainsi d'indicateurs contribuant à l'orientation des politiques de prévention avant la survenue de la MP proprement dite.
L'augmentation du taux de prévalence de la souffrance psychique ressentie par le salarié et exprimée auprès du médecin du travail devrait inciter à une meilleure réflexion sur l'organisation du travail et des relations professionnelles.

Source: http://www.invs.sante.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2015/Maladies-a-caractere-professionnel-chez-les-salaries-des-entreprises-agricoles

Aging Workers and Trade-Related Injuries in the US Construction Industry

The study was designed to identify any trends of injury type as it relates to the age and trade of construction workers. The participants for this study included any individual who, while working on a heavy and highway construction project in the Midwestern United States, sustained an injury during the specified time frame of when the data were collected. During this period, 143 injury reports were collected. The four trade/occupation groups with the highest injury rates were laborers, carpenters, iron workers, and operators. Data pertaining to injuries sustained by body part in each age group showed that younger workers generally suffered from finger/hand/wrist injuries due to cuts/lacerations and contusion, whereas older workers had increased sprains/strains injuries to the ankle/foot/toes, knees/lower legs, and multiple body parts caused by falls from a higher level or overexertion. Understanding these trade-related tasks can help present a more accurate depiction of the incident and identify trends and intervention methods to meet the needs of the aging workforce in the industry.

Source: Choi SD. Saf. Health Work, 2015; 6 (2), p. 151-155.

Industry-Related Injuries in the United States From 1998 to 2011

Characteristics, Trends, and Associated Health Care Costs
Objective: To describe the trends, correlates, and healthcare costs associated with industry-related injuries across the United States between 1998 and 2011.
Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of hospital discharges was conducted using the National Inpatient Sample. We used the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes to identify accidents occurring in industrial settings. Joinpoint regression modeling was used to analyze trends.
Results: Most of the 357,716 inpatient hospitalizations were admissions from the emergency department (55%). Fractures were the most prevalent injuries (48.1%), whereas the lower and upper extremities were the most common injury sites (51.7%). The mean per admission cost of direct medical care was $12,849, with an overall downward trend in injuries during the study period.
Conclusions: A comprehensive trend analysis of industry-related injuries is valuable to policymakers in formulating targeted strategies and allocating resources to address disparities at various levels.

Source: Fontcha, Delphine Solange; Spooner, Kiara; Salemi, Jason L.; Naik, Eknath; Aliyu, Muktar H.; Mogos, Mulubrhan F.; Zoorob, Roger; Salihu, Hamisu M. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: July 2015, Volume 57, Issue 7, p. 814-826.

HSE releases annual workplace fatalities

Provisional annual data for work-related fatal accidents in Great Britain's workplaces shows small change from previous years, sustaining a long term trend that has seen the rate of fatalities more than halve over the last 20 years. 

Source: http://press.hse.gov.uk/2015/hse-releases-annual-workplace-fatalities/

Extreme heat and occupational heat illnesses in South Australia, 2001-2010

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the epidemiological characteristics of occupational heat illnesses in South Australia, to quantify the association between ambient temperature and occupational heat illnesses, and to investigate the impact of heatwaves on occupational heat illnesses.
METHODS: Workers' compensation claims data and weather data were obtained from SafeWork South Australia and the Bureau of Meteorology, respectively, for 2001-2010. Time series analysis with generalised estimation equation models and linear spline functions was used to quantify the temperature-heat illness claims association. A case-crossover design was applied to investigate the impact of heatwaves on occupational heat illnesses.
RESULTS: There were 306 heat illness claims during the study period, with an incidence rate of 4.5 per 100 000 employees. The overall risk of occupational heat illness was positively associated with maximum temperature (Tmax), especially when Tmax was over the threshold of 35.5°C. One degree increase of Tmax was associated with a 12.7% (incidence rate ratio 1.127, 95% CI 1.067 to 1.190) increase of occupational heat illness claims. During heatwave periods, the risk of occupational heat illness was about 4-7 times higher than that of non-heatwave periods.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to develop or refine current heat-related regulations and guidelines to minimise the risk of occupational heat illnesses in vulnerable workers in a warming climate.

Source: Xiang J, Hansen A, Pisaniello D, Bi P. Occup. Environ. Med, 2015.

HSA Statistics Report 2014

The tables and graphs contained in this publication outline the most recently available statistics on occupational injury, illness and workplace fatalities in Ireland.

Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Corporate/Statistics_Report_2014.html

Are immigrants in Canada over-represented in riskier jobs relative to Canadian-born labor market participants?

BACKGROUND: This paper uses new data to examine the gap in injury and fatality rates between immigrant men and women and their Canadian-born counterparts. METHODS: Data from the 2011 National Household Survey and the Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada were used to determine the difference in occupational and industry injury and fatality rates between various arrival cohorts of immigrants and those Canadian born. RESULTS: For both men and women, there is no significant difference in occupational injury and fatality rates between various arrival cohorts of immigrants and Canadian-born workers. However, industry injury and fatality rates are lower for the most recent arrival cohorts of immigrants relative to Canadian-born workers. CONCLUSIONS: Although immigrants face many hurdles and challenges in their resettlement process in Canada, given the evidence from the paper, they are not likely to be at higher risk for work-related injuries relative to those Canadian-born.

Source: Tiagi R. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2015.

Maternal occupation during pregnancy, birth weight, and length of gestation

Combined analysis of 13 European birth cohorts
OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether maternal employment during pregnancy - overall and in selected occupational sectors - is associated with birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), term low birth weight (LBW), length of gestation, and preterm delivery in a population-based birth cohort design.
METHODS: We used data from >200 000 mother-child pairs enrolled in 13 European birth cohorts and compared employed versus non-employed women. Among employees, we defined groups of occupations representing the main sectors of employment for women where potential reproductive hazards are considered to be present. The comparison group comprised all other employed women not included in the occupational sector being assessed. We performed meta-analyses of cohort-specific estimates and explored heterogeneity.
RESULTS: Employees had a lower risk of preterm delivery than non-employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR adj) 0.86, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.81-0.91]. Working in most of the occupational sectors studied was not associated with adverse birth outcomes. Being employed as a nurse was associated with lower risk SGA infants (OR adj0.91, 95% CI 0.84-0.99) whereas food industry workers had an increased risk of preterm delivery (OR adj1.50, 95% CI 1.12-2.02). There was little evidence for heterogeneity between cohorts.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that, overall, employment during pregnancy is associated with a reduction in the risk of preterm birth and that work in certain occupations may affect pregnancy outcomes. This exploratory study provides an important platform on which to base further prospective studies focused on the potential consequences of maternal occupational exposures during pregnancy on child development.

Source: Scand J Work Environ Health. 2015 Jul 1; 41 (4) : p. 384-396.

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