2015-06-01 12:00 - Messages

Incidence of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura in Québec and Canada from 1984 to 2007, and projections from 2008 to 2032

Background: Continuous increase in male incidence of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura (MMP) despite the drop of asbestos production since 1980 in Québec motivated this study aiming to assess when the rates of MMP will decline.
Methods: Age-standardized rates and trends were estimated over the 1984–2007 period by sex for Québec versus “Canada-excluding-Québec” (Can-Qc). An age-cohort regression was used to make projections for 2008–2032.
Results: Average rates of MMP in Québec men and women were significantly higher than in Can-Qc. Projected rates peak between 2003 and 2012 in all four study populations and decline thereafter.
Conclusion: The higher MMP rates and observed/projected time patterns in Québec men are consistent with past asbestos production and occupational exposures. The excess in Québec women may also be explained by domestic and, for some, by neighborhood exposures. To pursue the decrease in MMP rates beyond 2032, efforts to reduce asbestos exposure should be maintained.

Source: Alfreda Krupoves; Michel Camus; Louise De Guire. American journal of industrial medicine, vol. 58, no 5, May 2015, p. 473-482.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22442

L'organisation du temps de travail : enquêtes conditons de travail

Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les contraintes auxquelles les salariés sont soumis et le degré de latitude dont ils disposent en matière d'organisation du temps de travail : semaine et journée de travail, horaires atypiques, congés, dépassements, astreintes, etc.
Les résultats sont issus de l'enquête Conditions de travail 2013. Conformément aux principes de cette enquête depuis sa création en 1978, c'est le point de vue et les connaissances du salarié sur son travail qui sont recueillis. Les résultats sont systématiquement ventilés par sexe, âge, catégorie socioprofessionnelle, secteur d'activité, type d'employeur (distinguant les trois versants de la fonction publique).

Source: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/12_-_L_organisation_du_temps_de_travail.pdf

Trends and Patterns in Occupational Health and Safety in Ireland

Analysis is based on the data from annual modules on Work-Related Accidents and Illness that are collected by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) as part of the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) and on data collected by the Health and Safety Authority (HSA) on fatal and non-fatal injuries based on employers' reports.

Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Trends_and_Patterns_in_Occupational_Health_and_Safety_in_Ireland.61768.shortcut.html

Melanoma Incidence and Mortality Trends and Projections

United States, 1982–2030
Background: Melanoma incidence rates have continued to increase in the United States, and risk behaviors remain high. Melanoma is responsible for the most skin cancer deaths, with about 9,000 persons dying from it each year.
Methods: CDC analyzed current (2011) melanoma incidence and mortality data, and projected melanoma incidence, mortality, and the cost of treating newly diagnosed melanomas through 2030. Finally, CDC estimated the potential melanoma cases and costs averted through 2030 if a comprehensive skin cancer prevention program was implemented in the United States.
Results: In 2011, the melanoma incidence rate was 19.7 per 100,000, and the death rate was 2.7 per 100,000. Incidence rates are projected to increase for white males and females through 2019. Death rates are projected to remain stable. The annual cost of treating newly diagnosed melanomas was estimated to increase from $457 million in 2011 to $1.6 billion in 2030. Implementation of a comprehensive skin cancer prevention program was estimated to avert 230,000 melanoma cases and $2.7 billion in initial year treatment costs from 2020 through 2030.
Conclusions: If additional prevention efforts are not undertaken, the number of melanoma cases is projected to increase over the next 15 years, with accompanying increases in health care costs. Much of this morbidity, mortality, and health care cost can be prevented.
Implications for Public Health Practice: Substantial reductions in melanoma incidence, mortality, and cost can be achieved if evidence-based comprehensive interventions that reduce ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure and increase sun protection are fully implemented and sustained.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm64e0602a1.htm?s_cid=mm64e0602a1_x

Divergent trends in work-related and non-work-related injury in Ontario

An Institute for Work & Health study found strongly diverging trends in the annual incidence of occupational injury and non-occupational injury among working-age adults in Ontario from 2004 to 2011. This Issue Briefing summarizes the findings of that study and then, drawing on lessons from the study, highlights opportunities to improve the monitoring of injury across all Canadian provinces and territories.

Source: http://www.iwh.on.ca/briefings/divergent-trends-in-work-related-and-non-work-related-injury-in-ontario

Occupational Traumatic Injuries Among Workers in Health Care Facilities

United States, 2012-2014
In 2013, one in five reported nonfatal occupational injuries occurred among workers in the health care and social assistance industry, the highest number of such injuries reported for all private industries (1). In 2011, U.S. health care personnel experienced seven times the national rate of musculoskeletal disorders compared with all other private sector workers (2). To reduce the number of preventable injuries among health care personnel, CDC’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), with collaborating partners, created the Occupational Health Safety Network (OHSN) to collect detailed injury data to help target prevention efforts. OHSN, a free, voluntary surveillance system for health care facilities, enables prompt and secure tracking of occupational injuries by type, occupation, location, and risk factors. This report describes OHSN and reports on current findings for three types of injuries. A total of 112 U.S.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/wk/mm6415.pdf

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