2015-05-01 12:00 - Messages

Key Work Health and Safety Statistics, Australia, 2015

This booklet provides key statistics on work-related injuries, diseases and fatalities of workers in Australia.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/key-whs-stats-2015

Mesothelioma in Australia

Incidence (1982 to 2013) and Mortality (1997 to 2012)
Mesothelioma is a fatal cancer that typically occurs 20 to 40 years after exposure to asbestos, although exposure does not always result in the disease. Mesothelioma of the pleura (a cancer affecting the protective lining of the lungs and chest cavity) is the most common form of mesothelioma in Australia and has accounted for approximately 93% of cases since 1982. Mesothelioma of the peritoneum (a cancer affecting the abdominal lining) is less common and has accounted for approximately 6% of cases since 1982. The figures in this report include all forms of mesothelioma.

Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/mesothelioma-in-australia-2015

Estimating occupational illness, injury, and mortality in food production in the united states

A farm-to-table analysis
OBJECTIVES: The study provides a novel model and more comprehensive estimates of the burden of occupational morbidity and mortality in food-related industries, using a farm-to-table approach.
METHODS: The authors analyzed 2008 to 2010 US Bureau of Labor Statistics data for private industries in the different stages of the farm-to-table model (production, processing, distribution and storage, and retail and preparation).
RESULTS: The morbidity rate for food system industries was significantly higher than the morbidity rate for nonfood system industries (rate ratio = 1.62; 95% confidence interval = 1.30 to 2.01). Furthermore, the occupational mortality rate for food system industries was significantly higher than the national nonfood occupational mortality rate (rate ratio = 9.51; 95% confidence interval = 2.47 to 36.58).
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first use of the farm-to-table model to assess occupational morbidity and mortality, and these findings highlighting specific workplace hazards across food system industries.

Source: Newman KL, Leon JS, Newman LS. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000476

Prevalence and demographic differences in microaccidents and safety behaviors among young workers in Canada

INTRODUCTION: The present study examines the self-reported frequency of non-lost work time workplace injuries ("microaccidents") and the frequency of three types of work-related safety behaviors (i.e., safety voice, safety compliance, and safety neglect) recalled over a four-week period.
METHOD: We analyzed data on microaccidents and safety behaviors from 19,547 young workers (aged 15-25years, Mdn=18years; 55% male) from multiple Canadian provinces.
RESULTS: Approximately one-third of all young workers recalled experiencing at least one microaccident at work in the last four weeks. Comparisons across three age groups revealed that younger workers, particularly between the ages of 15-18, reported more frequent microaccidents, less safety voice, less safety compliance, and more safety neglect than workers aged 19-22. This pattern of results also held for comparisons between workers in 19-22 and 23-25 age groups, except for safety voice which did not differ between these two older age groups. In terms of gender, males and females reported the same frequency of microaccidents, but males reported more safety voice, more safety compliance, and more safety neglect than females did. The results and limitations of the present study are discussed.
CONCLUSION: Frequency of microaccidents and safety behavior vary among young worker age sub-groups.

Source: Turner N, Tucker S, Kelloway EK. J. Saf. Res. 2015; 53: 39-43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2015.03.004

Distinct Longitudinal Patterns of Absenteeism and Their Antecedents in Full-Time Australian Employees

This paper investigated distinct longitudinal trajectories of absenteeism over time, and underlying demographic, work, and health antecedents. Data from the Household, Income, and Labor Dynamics in Australia Survey were used; this is a panel study of a representative sample of Australian households. This paper focused on 2,481 full-time employees across a 5-year period. Information on annual sick leave and relevant sociodemographic, work, and health-related factors was collected through interviews and self-completed surveys. Growth mixture modeling indicated 4 distinct longitudinal patterns of absenteeism over time. The moderate absenteeism trajectory (34.8%) of the sample had 4–5 days of sick leave per year and was used as the reference group. The low absenteeism trajectory (33.5%) had 1 – 2 days of absenteeism per year, while the no absenteeism trajectory (23.6%) had very low rates of absenteeism (<1 day per year). Finally, a smaller trajectory accounting for 8.1% of the sample had high levels of absenteeism (>11 days per year). Compared with the moderate absenteeism trajectory, the high absenteeism trajectory was characterized by poor health; the no absenteeism and low absenteeism trajectories had better health but may also reflect processes relating to presenteeism. These results provide important insights into the nature of absenteeism in Australian employees, and suggest that different patterns of absenteeism over time could reflect a range of demographic, work, and health related factors.

Source: Magee, Christopher A.; Caputi, Peter; Lee, Jeong Kyu. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, May 4 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0039138

What Determines Employer Accommodation of Injured Workers?

The Influence of Workers' Compensation Costs, State Policies, and Case Characteristics
Despite a recent dramatic increase in the rate of employer accommodation of injured workers, the extant literature provides little evidence on the determinants of accommodation or the reasons for this upward trend. In this study, the authors take a comprehensive approach to estimating the determinants of workplace accommodation, assessing the influence of employer workers' compensation (WC) costs; WC market features and state WC laws; and characteristics of firms, injured workers, and their injuries. Using state-level data from the BLS, they find that employer WC costs, WC market features, and state return-to-work (RTW) policies all have an impact on accommodation, but the effects are small and explain only one-fifth of the increase in restricted work. With data on injured workers from the NLSY79 and HRS, the authors study case-specific determinants of accommodation. Results suggest that employer and injury characteristics matter most, and these results are consistent with accommodation occurring mostly at large, experience-rated employers.

Source: Erin Todd Bronchetti, Melissa P. McInerney. ILR Review, May 2015, vol. 68, no. 3, p. 558-583.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0019793915570874

Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes : blessures au travail en 2013

À partir des données de l'enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes (ESCC), Statistique Canada a produit un feuillet d'information sur les blessures au travail survenues en 2013. 16,0 % des Canadiens âgés de 15 à 74, soit environ 4,2 millions de personnes, ont subi au cours des 12 mois précédents l'enquête une blessure qui a limité leurs activités normales. Pour 14,5 % de ces personnes blessées, la blessure la plus grave est survenue alors qu'elles travaillaient à un emploi ou à une entreprise. La majorité des personnes dont la blessure la plus grave est survenue au travail étaient des hommes (71,2 %). Chez les deux sexes, les trois types de blessure au travail les plus courants en 2013 étaient les entorses ou foulures (49,9 %), les coupures, perforations ou morsures (19,2 %) et les fractures ou cassures (8,7 %).

Source: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2015001/article/14148-fra.htm

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