2015-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Statistiques sur les lésions attribuables à la violence en milieu de travail

Cette publication documente, à l'aide de statistiques, les lésions causées par la violence en milieu de travail sous les aspects administratifs, médicaux et socio-économiques. Il comporte trois parties, soit la description de la population étudiée, les faits saillants ainsi que 24 tableaux de données statistiques. Les données contenues dans cette publication sont tirées des banques informationnelles de la CSST. ??

Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_255.aspx

Violence and harassment in European workplaces

Extent, impacts and policies
Violence and harassment are attacks on personal dignity, the right to equal and non-discriminatory treatment and often a person's health. Workers affected by it feel insecure about their work; they are more frequently absent and may even be unable to work, with consequent impacts on productivity and corporate and public costs. Some national-level surveys point to a long-standing increase in reported violence and harassment. Certain European countries, such as the Scandinavian countries, have more coordinated, established policies on preventing and tackling violence and harassment. Awareness of the topic at the national level, its inclusion in legislation and the degree of the social partners' involvement in policies and interventions all contribute to the effectiveness of policies to address it.

Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/observatories/eurwork/comparative-information/violence-and-harassment-in-european-workplaces-extent-impacts-and-policies

Pour une maternité sans danger : Statistiques 2010-2013

Les statistiques présentées dans le document concernent les principales caractéristiques des travailleuses dont les réclamations relatives au programme Pour une maternité sans danger ont été reçues et acceptées. Le document porte notamment sur les risques les plus fréquents pour la femme enceinte ou l'enfant à naître et sur la répartition des réclamations selon le secteur d'activité, la profession, l'âge de la travailleuse et l'état d'avancement de la grossesse. ?

Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_254.aspx

Contraintes physiques, prévention des risques et accidents du travail

Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les contraintes physiques et les accidents du travail auxquels sont exposés les salariés ainsi que les mesures de prévention des risques dont ils bénéficient.
Les résultats sont issus de l'enquête Conditions de travail 2013.
Conformément aux principes de cette enquête depuis sa création en 1978, c'est le point de vue et les connaissances du salarié sur son travail qui sont recueillis.
Les résultats sont systématiquement ventilés par sexe, âge, catégorie socioprofessionnelle, secteur d'activité, type d'employeur (distinguant les trois versants de la fonction publique).
Afin de présenter des évolutions, lorsque le questionnaire est resté à l'identique, les résultats sont fournis pour les années 1984, 1991, 1998, 2005 et 2013.

Source: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/etudes-recherche-statistiques-de,76/statistiques,78/conditions-de-travail-et-sante,80/etudes-recherches-statistiques-de,76/etudes-et-recherches,77/publications-dares,98/synthese-stat-synthese-eval,2212/10-contraintes-physiques,18526.html

Les troubles musculo-squelettiques du membre supérieur en France

Ce document de synthèse porte sur les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS) du membre supérieur. Dans ce document, le lecteur trouvera des données sur leur fréquence en termes de prévalence et d'incidence, ainsi que sur la fréquence des expositions aux principaux facteurs de risque connus, selon le sexe, l'âge, les catégories professionnelles et les grands secteurs d'activité. Il trouvera également des informations sur la part des TMS des membres supérieurs attribuable au travail, selon les catégories professionnelles et les grands secteurs d'activité et sur l'ampleur de la sous-déclaration au titre des tableaux de maladies professionnelles indemnisables.
Enfin, un certain nombre de questions permettent de mettre en perspective les résultats présentés.

Source: http://www.invs.sante.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Travail-et-sante/2015/Des-indicateurs-en-sante-travail

Demographic Trends of Sick Leave Absenteeism Among Civil Service Employees at a Federal Agency From 2004 to 2012

Objective: To investigate the associations between demographic variables and sick leave use.
Methods: We analyzed sick leave use among civil servants at a federal agency (FA) from 2004 to 2012 by demographic and FA-specific variables. We used a mixed methods approach and type III analysis to build a descriptive model of sick leave proportions and demographic variables.
Results: Sick absenteeism usage varied significantly (variation of greater than one sick day per year) by sex, Emergency Operations Center response tier, length of service at the FA, age, and general schedule pay grade level. Our final descriptive model contained age, sex, response tier and an interaction term between age and sex.
Conclusions: Future studies should examine these associations on smaller time scales, perhaps breaking the data down by month or day of the week.

Source: Gajewski, Kim; Burris, Dara; Spears, D. Ross; Sullivan, Kevin; Oyinloye, Oluremi; McNeil, Carrie; Meechan, Paul; Warnock, Eli; Trapp, Jonathan; Decker, K.C.; Chapman, Sandy. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Médicine, March 2015, Volume 57, Issue 3, p. 277–283.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000347 

NIOSH Study Spans over Thirty Years of Hearing Loss Trends

A new study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examines thirty years of hearing loss trends experienced by workers exposed to noise while on the job, across various industries. The study, published by the American Journal of Industrial Medicine, found that while progress has been made in reducing the risk of hearing loss within most industry sectors, additional efforts are needed within the Mining, Construction, and Healthcare and Social Assistance sectors.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-03-04-15.html

Professional, scientific and technical activities

Working conditions and job quality
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers' health and job sustainability in the professional, scientific and technical activities sector (NACE 70, 71, 72, 73, 74 and 75). It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data. The sector contains all professional, scientific and technical activities except legal and accounting activities. The fifth EWCS contains responses from 5,857 workers in this sector.

Source: http://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/information-sheet/2015/working-conditions/professional-scientific-and-technical-activities-working-conditions-and-job-quality

Legal and accounting services

Working conditions and job quality
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers' health and job sustainability in the legal and accounting services sector (NACE 69). It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data. The fifth EWCS contains responses from 515 workers in this sector.

Source: http://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/information-sheet/2015/working-conditions/legal-and-accounting-services-working-conditions-and-job-quality

Global Estimates of the Burden of Injury and Illness at Work in 2012

Based on different starting points the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), have made estimates of occupational injuries and illnesses or burden of disease. ILO has made global estimates from the point of view of occupational burden and WHO from the health point of view. Both of them have come to the conclusion that of all fatalities in industrial countries some 5– 7%[4][5] is attributed to work-related illnesses and occupational injuries. This percentage is somewhat smaller in develop- ing countries where non-occupational health problems have a bigger share.[6] While new information gradually becomes available from various sources, and when work processes, work environment, and working populations change quantitatively and qualitatively, updates of the estimates become important. Better evidence is needed for policy and practices in countries, companies, and organizations. This article and related presentation provide the latest updated information for such purposes. The article is based on the Yant Award Lecture of the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) at its 2013 Congress.
Economic cost studies related to injuries and illnesses have been carried out using different methods. The most appropriate method has been the incidence approach where new injuries, diseases, and disorders occurring in a particular year are counted. Once this is known—e.g., by using the attributable fraction (AF) method—all direct and indirect costs can be calculated, including costs that are extended to the expected total work life starting from an incidence in the year under consideration. Usually long term disabilities, reduced work ability and capacity due to partial disabilities, premature retirement from work, and deaths cause a lion share of economic costs. Studies and estimates by many countries and the ILO have shown that economic costs of work-related illness and injury would be equivalent to a range from 1.8%–6% of GDP.
The objective of this article is to provide an overall view of the latest data and knowledge on workplace safety and health—as yet more evidence for policy and practice.

Source: http://oshwiki.eu/wiki/Global_Estimates_of_the_Burden_of_Injury_and_Illness_at_Work_in_2012 

Real estate activities

Working conditions and job quality
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers' health and job sustainability in the real estate sector (NACE 68).1 It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data. The fifth EWCS contains responses from 307 workers in this sector.

Source: http://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/information-sheet/2015/working-conditions/real-estate-activities-working-conditions-and-job-quality

Computer programming, consultancy and related activities

Working conditions and job quality
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers' health and job sustainability in the computer programming, consultancy and related activities sector (NACE 62). It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data. The fifth EWCS contains responses from 349 workers in this sector.

Source: http://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/information-sheet/2015/working-conditions/computer-programming-consultancy-and-related-activities-working-conditions-and-job-quality

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