2015-01-01 12:00 - Messages

Characteristics of nonfatal occupational injuries among U.S. workers with and without disabilities

BACKGROUND: Workers with disabilities have a higher risk of nonfatal occupational injuries than workers without disabilities. The characteristics of these injuries are not well described.
METHODS: Using 1997-2011 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data, we compared the nonfatal occupational injuries sustained by U.S. workers with and without disabilities.
RESULTS: Overexertion or strenuous movements and falls accounted for 56.7% of all occupational injuries in workers with disabilities, compared with 45.6% in workers without a disability. Workers with disabilities were more frequently injured in the lower extremity (32.3% vs. 26.6%) or torso (22.9% vs. 16.9%). Workers with disabilities sustained more unspecified injuries (13.5% vs. 7.9%) and fewer open wound injuries (15.7% vs. 24.2%) than their counterparts without a disability.
CONCLUSIONS: U.S. workers with disabilities had a higher rate of occupational injuries and these injuries tended to be more severe and were more likely to be caused by overexertion/ strenuous movement or falls.

Source: Shi J, Gardner S, Wheeler KK, Thompson MC, Lu B, Stallones L, Xiang H. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2015, 58 : p. 168-177.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22395

Occupational diseases in Finland in 2012

This publication presents a statistical summary of recognized and suspected occupational diseases in Finland.
The first part of the publication is a review, which aims to give an overall picture of the incidence of occupational diseases in 2012, and of the main trends in recent years.
The second part consists of statistical tables, which describe in greater detail the occurrence of occupational diseases in Finland in 2012.

Source: http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/Electronic_publications/Pages/Occupational_diseases_in_Finlandin_2012.aspx

Les personnes avec incapacité et l'emploi

Cet article fournit des renseignements sur la participation au marché du travail des Canadiens âgés de 25 à 64 ans avec incapacité physique ou mentale, qu'il s'agisse de troubles liés à la vision, l'ouïe, la mobilité, la flexibilité, la dextérité, la douleur, l'apprentissage, le développement, les troubles mentaux/psychologiques ou la mémoire.
Les facteurs associés à une plus grande participation en emploi des personnes avec incapacité y sont discutés, de même que les caractéristiques des emplois occupés.
• En 2011, le taux d'emploi chez les Canadiens âgés de 25 à 64 ans avec une incapacité était de 49 %, comparativement à 79 % parmi les Canadiens sans incapacité.
• Le taux d'emploi chez les personnes de 25 à 64 ans avec incapacité « légère » était de 68 %, comparativement à 54 % chez celles avec incapacité « modérée », à 42 % chez celles avec incapacité « sévère » et 26 % chez celles avec incapacité « très sévère ».
• La différence dans les taux d'emploi entre les personnes avec incapacité et celles sans incapacité était moindre parmi les diplômés universitaires. Cette différence n'était pas significative dans le cas des diplômés universitaires avec incapacité légère ou modérée.
• Environ un diplômé universitaire sur deux, avec ou sans incapacité, occupait un emploi de professionnel. Les diplômés avec une incapacité étaient cependant moins susceptibles d'occuper un emploi de gestion et gagnaient moins que ceux qui n'avaient aucune incapacité, surtout chez les hommes.
• Parmi les Canadiens avec une incapacité, 12 % ont affirmé s'être fait refuser un emploi en raison de leur état dans les cinq années précédentes. Ce pourcentage atteignait 33 % parmi les 25 à 34 ans avec une incapacité sévère ou très sévère.

Source: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/75-006-x/2014001/article/14115-fra.pdf

Occupational fatalities in Jordan

OBJECTIVE: Occupational fatalities are a worldwide problem. Certain occupations pose a greater risk than others. Recent statistics on global occupational injuries and diseases that might lead to temporary or permanent disability and even worse might lead to death, are staggering. The purpose of this study was to estimate the death rates from occupational injuries in Jordan over a period of four years; to estimate occupational fatality rate that results from accidental injuries and identify the most risky concurrent occupations with the type of injuries, the age and nationality of the victims.
METHOD: A total of 88 work related fatalities were admitted to three hospitals in Amman through 2008-2012 and were examined by a forensic (occupational) physician at the time. They were categorized according to, age, nationality, occupation, type of injury and were all tested for toxic substances.
RESULTS: The occupation with the most fatalities was construction (44%); falling from a height was the commonest type of accident (44%) and head injuries were the leading injury type (21.6%); 9.1% of the deaths were positive for alcohol. Moreover, 22.7% of deaths were between ages of 25-29. Consequently, the mean occupational fatality rate was 2 per 100.000 workers during 2008-2012.
CONCLUSION: Constructions and other types of occupations are more extensive problems than what is usually anticipated, especially when safety precautions are not effective or implemented. They may cause injuries and death, which will have a socioeconomic burden on families, society, governments and industries. Not to mention the grief that is associated with the death of a worker at his work site to all concerned parties.

Source: Al-Abdallat EM, Oqailan AM, Al Ali R, Hudaib AA, Salameh GA. J. Forensic Leg. Med. 2015, 29C, p. 25-29.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2014.11.001

Medical expenditures associated with nonfatal occupational injuries among U.S. workers reporting persistent disabilities

BACKGROUND: No prior study has investigated the medical expenditures associated with occupational injuries among U.S. workers with persistent disabilities, including those with physical disabilities or cognitive limitations.
OBJECTIVE: Using the 2004-2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data (Panels 9-15), we estimated the 2-year incidence and the expenditures associated with occupational injuries in U.S. workers with and without persistent disabilities.
METHODS: Expenditures were compared by type of service and sources of payment. We estimated the mean medical expenditures using linear regression analysis to adjust for sociodemographics. The statistical analysis accounted for the sample survey design of MEPS and the highly skewed expenditure data.
RESULTS: The 2-year cumulative incidence of occupational injuries was 13.6% (95% CI: 11.6%-15.6%) in workers with persistent disabilities and 7.1% (95% CI: 6.8%-7.4%) in workers without persistent disabilities. The average medical expenditure associated with new occupational injuries in the 2-year follow-up period was $3778 in workers with disabilities, $2212 in workers without disabilities after adjusting for sociodemographics and medical insurance coverage status (in 2011 U.S. dollars, p-value = 0.0004). Of the total expenditures for occupational injuries, workers' compensation paid 54.6% in workers with disabilities and 58.9% in workers without disabilities. There was no significant difference in the proportion of injured workers with and without disabilities who reported receiving workers' compensation benefits (46.7% vs. 48.2%, p-value = 0.718).
CONCLUSIONS: Workers with persistent disabilities had a significantly higher incidence of occupational injuries and higher medical costs compared with workers without persistent disabilities. Many questions with regard to occupational safety and worker's compensation benefits in workers with disabilities remain unexplored.

Source: Shi J, Wheeler KK, Lu B, Bishai DM, Stallones L, Xiang H. Disabil. Health J. 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.10.004

Chantiers de construction

Prévention des risques, logistique et avantage économique
Cette brochure est destinée aux différents acteurs d'un projet de construction, notamment aux maîtres d'oeuvre, aux coordonnateurs SPS et aux maîtres d'ouvrage. Ces différents acteurs ont pour obligation de prendre en compte la sécurité et la protection de la santé des travailleurs lors de la conception et de la réalisation des ouvrages. Mais on constate que les aspects économiques des conditions de travail sont généralement peu pris en compte par les donneurs d'ordre, et, lorsqu'ils sont abordés, c'est souvent à travers des idées reçues : l'amélioration des conditions de travail coûterait cher et ses retombées seraient difficilement chiffrables. Cette brochure vise à montrer qu'au contraire la mise en oeuvre d'une organisation logistique contribue à prévenir les accidents du travail et les pathologies liées aux manutentions manuelles tout en améliorant le bilan économique d'une opération.

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/produits/mediatheque/doc/publications.html?refINRS=ED%206186

Work-related ill-health: Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Great Britain 2005–2012

New research published in the scientific journal Occupational Medicine shows that throughout the British Isles, mental health disorders are the most common work-related ill health problem. They account for over half of all cases reported by occupational physicians.
The researchers led by a team from Manchester University, studied data across three surveillance schemes from 2005 to 2012. It is the first time that a study has investigated the incidence of work related ill health and compared detailed data across Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Musculoskeletal disorders such as back and limb pain were the second most frequently reported across all three countries. The study also found that asbestos occupational respiratory disease was commoner in Great Britain and Northern Ireland than in the Republic of Ireland. This is likely to be due to the historical use of asbestos being more prominent in the UK.

Source: https://www.som.org.uk/news/media-releases/single-media/article/new-research-shows-mental-health-is-the-most-common-work-related-ill-health-problem-across-the-uk-an-1/

The Health Care and Productivity Costs of Back and Neck Pain in A Multi-Employer Sample of Utility Industry Employees

Objective: To determine the cost of back and/or neck (B/N) pain among predominantly rural employees insured through an employee benefits trust.
Methods: Eligible employees had 1 year or more of medical coverage and completed a survey subsequently linked to their claims data. B/N pain costs consisted of medical and pharmacy claims, over-the-counter expenses, and presenteeism and absenteeism costs valued according to median occupational earnings.
Results: Of 1342 eligible employees, 52.7% currently had B/N pain of which 87.9% was chronic. The average annualized cost of B/N pain per employee was $1727; 56.1% was due to lost productivity. Covered medical care was utilized by 35.6% of employees, 55.7% used pharmacy care, and 71.6% purchased uncovered over-the-counter pain medication.
Conclusions: Many covered employees did not use formal care. The effect of care choices on productivity costs requires closer scrutiny.

Source: Lerner, Debra; Rogers, William H.; Chang, Hong; Rodday, Angie Mae; Greenhill, Annabel; Villagra, Victor G.; Antetomaso, James R.; Patel, Aarti A.; Vo, Lien PharmD. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: January 2015, Volume 57, Issue 1, p. 32–43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000280

Les conditions de travail des salariés dans le secteur privé et la fonction publique

En 2013, les contraintes physiques dans le travail concernent plus particulièrement les salariés de l'agriculture, de la construction et de la fonction publique hospitalière. Dans ces mêmes secteurs, ainsi que dans l'industrie manufacturière, les salariés indiquent plus souvent que la moyenne être exposés à des produits chimiques. Les horaires atypiques sont plus répandus dans le commerce, les transports et la fonction publique hospitalière.
L'intensité du travail apparaît relativement élevée dans la fonction publique hospitalière, l'industrie, le commerce et les transports, et l'autonomie importante dans la fonction publique de l'État. Le soutien social s'exprime différemment entre privé et public : les agents de la fonction publique sont davantage aidés par leurs collègues, et les salariés du privé par leur hiérarchie. Les exigences émotionnelles liées au contact avec le public sont plus souvent citées par les agents de la fonction publique.
Les changements organisationnels sont plus nombreux dans l'industrie manufacturière et les trois versants de la fonction publique, et moins bien vécus par les agents de l'État et de la fonction publique hospitalière.

Source: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2014-102.pdf

Programme de surveillance des maladies à caractère professionnel

Bien qu'à déclaration obligatoire, les signalements de maladies à caractère professionnel (MCP) sont rares. L'institut de veille sanitaire (InVS) et l'Inspection médicale du travail ont mis en place un programme de surveillance de ces MCP basé sur un réseau de médecins du travail volontaires.Les résultats des quinzaines de 2008 à 2011 sont maintenant disponibles.

Source: http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/header/actualites/Programme-de-surveillance-des-maladies-a-caractere-professionnel.html

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives