2014-04-01 12:00 - Messages

Mortality among a cohort of U.S. commercial airline cockpit crew

BACKGROUND: We evaluated mortality among 5,964 former U.S. commercial cockpit crew (pilots and flight engineers). The outcomes of a priori interest were non-chronic lymphocytic leukemia, central nervous system (CNS) cancer (including brain), and malignant melanoma.
METHODS: Vital status was ascertained through 2008. Life table and Cox regression analyses were conducted. Cumulative exposure to cosmic radiation was estimated from work history data.
RESULTS: Compared to the U.S. general population, mortality from all causes, all cancer, and cardiovascular diseases was decreased, but mortality from aircraft accidents was highly elevated. Mortality was elevated for malignant melanoma but not for non-chronic lymphocytic leukemia. CNS cancer mortality increased with an increase in cumulative radiation dose.
CONCLUSIONS: Cockpit crew had a low all-cause, all-cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality but elevated aircraft accident mortality. Further studies are needed to clarify the risk of CNS and other radiation-associated cancers in relation to cosmic radiation and other workplace exposures.

Soruce: Yong LC, Pinkerton LE, Yiin JH, Anderson JL, Deddens JA. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2014.

Researchers Count 113 Work-Related Ladder Fatalities in 2011

A paper published in the April 24 edition of CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report is an evaluation of injuries and deaths resulting from work-related falls from ladders. The authors analyzed data from several injury surveillance systems and calculated there were 113 fatal falls, an estimated 15,460 non-fatal injuries resulting in at least one day of lost time, and 34,000 non-fatal injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in 2011 alone.
They conclude that ladder fall injuries (LFIs) represent a substantial public health burden of preventable injuries for workers and there is a need for workplace safety research to prevent falls, including developing innovative technologies to prevent LFIs.

Source: http://ohsonline.com/articles/2014/04/25/ladder-falls.aspx

Fatal accidents and injuries among merchant seafarers worldwide

BACKGROUND: The British merchant fleet has expanded in recent years but it is not known whether this expansion has led to proportionate changes in mortality.
AIMS: To investigate mortality from accidents and injuries in British merchant shipping, to determine whether this has increased in recent years, to compare fatal accident rates across British industries and to review fatal accident rates in merchant shipping worldwide over the last 70 years.
METHODS: Examinations of marine accident investigation files, death registers and death inquiry files, national mortality statistics, worldwide surveys and review methodology. The main outcome measure was the fatal accident rate per 100 000 worker-years.
RESULTS: Of 66 deaths in British shipping from 2003 to 2012, 49 were caused by accidents, which largely affected deck ratings. The fatal accident rate in British shipping increased by 4.7% per annum from 2003, although this was not significant (95% confidence interval: -5.1 to 15.6%). During 2003-12, the fatal accident rate in shipping (14.5 per 100 000) was 21 times that in the general British workforce, 4.7 times that in the construction industry and 13 times that in manufacturing. Of 20 merchant fleets worldwide with population-based fatal accident rates, most have shown large reductions over time.
CONCLUSIONS: The expansion of the British merchant fleet in recent years does not appear to have had a major impact on fatal accidents. Further preventive measures should target fatalities during mooring and towing operations. Internationally, most shipping fleets have over time experienced large decreases in fatal accident rates.

Source: Roberts SE, Nielsen D, Kotlowski A, Jaremin B. Occup. Med. 2014.



Harcèlement sexuel au travail

Le défenseur des droits publie une enquête exclusive
L'enquête réalisée par le Défenseur des droits révèle que, aujourd'hui, en France, 1 femme sur 5 déclare avoir été victime de harcèlement sexuel au travail, ce qui viennent confirmer les propos des témoins, également ciblés par l'enquête. Les gestes et propos à connotation sexuelle sans le consentement de la personne et un environnement de travail avec des blagues à caractère sexuel sont, avec le chantage sexuel et l'envoi de message à caractère pornographique, les manifestations les plus rapportées.

Source: http://www.defenseurdesdroits.fr/connaitre-son-action/la-lutte-contre-les-discriminations/actualites/harcelement-sexuel-au-travail-le

High prevalence of injuries in the Norwegian National Ballet

BACKGROUND: Ballet dancers are both artists and athletes with extreme physical demands placed on them. Clinical experience and previous studies suggest that they are at high risk of sustaining injuries, but more high-quality prospective studies are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of injuries and illnesses among professional ballet dancers in the Norwegian National Ballet Company, using a newly developed injury surveillance method. Information gained may provide a foundation for future prevention interventions. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 57 dancers in the National ballet company agreed to participate. During the first 32 weeks of the registration there has been 5 drop-outs. INTERVENTIONS: Every second week all dancers received a recently developed online questionnaire which records symptoms of illness and injury, as well as reduced participation and dancing performance due to health problems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Prevalence of injuries and illnesses. RESULTS: Preliminary results after 32 weeks. The average response rate was 81% (64-89%). The average injury prevalence was 64% (32-84%), and the average illness prevalence was 9% (4-20%). The prevalence of substantial injuries, defined as injuries leading to moderate or severe reductions in dance participation or performance, or total inability to dance, was 29% (18-45%). Thirty-four percent of injuries were located in the ankle, 18% in the lower leg, 12% in the knee and 11% in the foot. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of injury is extremely high among dancers at the Norwegian National Ballet Company, being considerably higher than among elite athletes from Olympic sports. Future efforts to prevent injuries in this group are warranted.

Source: Fredriksen H, Clarsen B. Br. J. Sports Med. 2014; 48(7): 595-596.

SAFE Work Manitoba Injury Statistics: 2000-2013

This report provides a complete picture of workplace injuries and a comprehensive picture of workplace fatalities. The report examines data and assesses trends from 2000 to 2013.

Source: http://safemanitoba.com/safe-work-manitoba-injury-statistics-2000-2013

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