2014-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Construction worker fatalities related to trusses

An analysis of the OSHA fatality and catastrophic incident database
This study was conducted to gain a better understanding of the risks associated with truss installation in building projects. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fatality and catastrophic incident database was analyzed for the years inclusive of 1990-2009. The database includes over 15,000 incidents, 211 of which pertain to trusses. The incidents were analyzed as to the number of fatalities per incident, the type of truss, the truss material, the activity taking place at the time of the accident, the release of the hoisting equipment, the initiation of the accident, the presence of bracing materials, the type of construction, the length of the trusses, the location of the incident, the type of accident (fall, caught-in/between, struck by, or electrocution), and the year the fatality occurred. Many of the accidents occurred at elevation and were initiated in large part by moving or falling objects. The study recommends that further research should focus on the stabilization of incomplete roof structures and the implementation of best practices for fall protection while performing truss-related work.

Source: Grant A, Hinze J. Safety Sci. 2014; 65: 54-62.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2013.12.016

Exposure to Lead in Great Britain 2014

There was an overall reduction in the number of British workers under medical surveillance for work with lead over the past decade. Women have consistently accounted for a small proportion of the total under surveillance, and the number of young people (under 18 years) under surveillance remains low.
The most recent medical surveillance data show:
- The total number of workers under medical surveillance fell by 47% from 7949 in 2011/12 to 4240 in 2012/13
- The industry sector with the highest number of males under surveillance was the lead battery manufacture sector, with numbers similar to previous years
- There were substantial reductions in the number of males under surveillance in a number of other sectors, including the smelting, refining, alloying and casting industry
- In 2012/13, 3 males had blood-lead levels of 60µg/100ml or above compared with 142 males in 2002/03
- There was a large increase in the number of females in the potteries, glazes and transfers sector, which in previous years had very low numbers under surveillance
- In 2012/13, 4 females had blood-lead levels of 30µg/100ml or above compared with 18 females in 2002/03
- There were 8 suspensions (4 males and 4 females) due to excess blood-lead levels in workers under surveillance in 2012/13

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/lead/index.htm

The BLS survey of occupational injuries and illnesses

A primer
The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) is the nation's primary surveillance vehicle for nonfatal injuries and illnesses that occur in the workplace. Based on recordable injuries and illnesses as defined by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the SOII provides annual counts and rates by industry and state for workers in private industry and state and local government. In addition, the SOII provides details about the most severe injuries and illnesses, including characteristics of the workers involved and details of the circumstances surrounding the incident. To accompany articles that discuss research into the completeness of SOII data, this commentary provides an overview of the SOII. Included is information about the history of capturing data on workplace injuries and illnesses, current survey processes, annual outputs, and an introduction to the current concerns about underreporting.

Source: Wiatrowski WJ. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22312

L'analyse sexuée des chiffres-clés de la sinistralité au travail révèle d'importantes inégalités femmes-hommes

L'Anact a réalisé une analyse sexuée des chiffres de la sinistralité au travail qui met en lumière des inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes en matière de santé au travail. Constats, analyse et préconisations. L'analyse sexuée et longitudinale des données sur la sinistralité publiées par la Cnamts permet plusieurs constats :
- Si les accidents du travail baissent globalement entre 2001 et 2012, ils progressent nettement pour les femmes.
- Depuis 2001, les accidents de trajet sont en baisse pour les hommes mais en progression pour les femmes.
- Les maladies professionnelles progressent près de deux fois plus rapidement pour les femmes que pour les hommes.

Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=36977640

Portrait de la surdité professionnelle acceptée par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail au Québec : 1997-2010

Troubles de l'audition sous surveillance
Entre 1997 et 2010, une hausse importante du nombre de cas de surdité professionnelle acceptés par le régime québécois de santé et de sécurité au travail est observée. Cette augmentation remet en question l'atteinte de l'objectif du Programme national de santé publique (2003-2012) visant à réduire l'incidence de cette maladie. La surdité professionnelle reste un problème actuel puisque de nombreux travailleurs continueraient d'être exposés quotidiennement à des niveaux de bruit nocifs.

Source: http://www.inspq.qc.ca/pdf/publications/1770_Portrait_Surdite_Professionnelle.pdf

Long-term trends of work accidents and occupational diseases in Belgium

EUROGIP overview
The EUROGIP overview presents figures on work-related injuries in the private sector for which the Belgian insurance system for work accidents  and occupational diseases is dual. Occupational and commuting accidents are covered by the Fonds des accidents du travail (FAT) (occupational accidents fund) and occupational diseases by  the Fonds des maladies professionelles (FMP) (Occupational diseases fund) Statistics cover time trends in occupational accidents and diseases and detailed figures on compensation.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/news/long-term-trends-of-work-accidents-and-occupational-diseases-in-belgium-2013-eurogip-overview

Agro-food sector

Working conditions and job quality
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers' health and job sustainability for employees and the self-employed in the agro-food sector (NACE codes 10 and 11). It compares the situation in the sector with that in the EU28 as a whole. It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data.

Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef13842.htm

High work intensity but greater working time flexibility

Since 1992, the quality of working life in Finland has been monitored from the perspective of employees by the Working Life Barometer. The survey provides an indication of past trends, the current situation and expected future trends. In 2012, almost half of the respondents felt the employment situation was getting worse and a third thought the performance of their employer was declining. Work intensity is considered to be high while working time flexibility has increased.

Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2013/11/FI1311011I.htm

Personal relations at work no. 1 cause of stress

Levels of work-related stress are high among Czech workers, according to an online survey by market research company GfK. The 2013 research revealed stress had increased particularly among managers and highly-qualified workers. Despite these increases, those surveyed said employers had not introduced measures to prevent stress in the workplace. Almost half of the interviewees said worries about ‘interpersonal relationships' were a major cause of work-related stress.

Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2014/02/CZ1402019I.htm

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