2013-10-01 12:00 - Messages

HSE - Health and safety statistics 2012/13

The latest statistics on work-related health, safety and enforcement in Great Britain 2012/13.

Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/

Statistiques AT-MP 2012 de l’Assurance Maladie

Les chiffres des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles
Les statistiques 2012 des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles ont été rendus publiques par l'Assurance maladie – Risques professionnels. Les principaux indicateurs sont à la baisse : les accidents du travail avec arrêt diminuent de 4,3 %, les maladies professionnelles de 1,9 % et les accidents de trajet de 9,9 %. L'indice de fréquence des accidents avec arrêt recule à un niveau historiquement bas avec 35 accidents pour mille salariés.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/statistiques-ATMP-2012.html

Women, men and working conditions in Europe

Despite much legislative progress in gender equality over the past 40 years, there are still gender gaps across many aspects of the labour market. Inequalities are still evident in areas such as access to the labour market, employment patterns and associated working conditions. This report explores gender differences across several dimensions of working conditions, examining relevant country differences, analysing the different occupational groups of both men and women, and comparing the public and private sectors. It also looks at the impact of the crisis on gender segregation in employment. Based on findings from the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), conducted in 2010, the analysis offers a striking picture of women and men at work across 34 European countries today.

Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1349.htm?utm_source=PUBLICATIONS&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign

Mortality and cancer incidence in a pooled cohort of US firefighters from San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia (1950–2009)

From previous studies, there is limited epidemiological evidence of increased risk of cancer from firefighting.
We examined cancer in 30 000 career firefighters by pooling information from urban fire departments in three large US cities. The large sample size and long follow-up period improved risk estimates compared with previous studies.
We report that firefighting may be associated with increased risk of solid cancers. Furthermore, we report a new finding of excess malignant mesothelioma among firefighters, suggesting the presence of an occupational disease from asbestos hazards in the workplace.

Source : Robert D Daniels, Travis L Kubale, James H Yiin, Matthew M Dahm, Thomas R Hales, Dalsu Baris, Shelia H Zahm, James J Beaumont, Kathleen M Waters, Lynne E Pinkerton, Occup Environ Med, 2013.
 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2013-101662

Accidents routiers au travail survenus au Québec de 2000 à 2008

Caractéristiques et classification
Les travailleurs indemnisés à la suite d'un accident routier au travail (ART) représentent environ 2 % de tous les travailleurs indemnisés par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail du Québec (CSST). Toutefois, les décès liés à un accident routier représentent entre 25 % et 30 % de tous les décès accidentels au travail. Ils représentent la première cause de décès accidentels au travail.
Le présent rapport propose une analyse inédite de données statistiquest. Un effort conjoint de la CSST et de la Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ) a en effet permis la création d'une base de données unique de plus de 8000 travailleurs qui ont été indemnisés par la CSST à la suite d'un accident de la route au travail ayant eu lieu entre les années 2000 et 2008.

Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/-publication-irsst-accidents-routiers-au-travail-survenus-au-quebec-2000-2008-caracteristiques-et-classification-r-792.html?utm_source=SendBlaster&utm_medium=email&utm_term=infoirsst%2D2013%2D09%2Doct&utm_content=infoirsst%2D2013%2D09%2Doct&utm_campaign=infoirsst%2D2013%2D09%2Doct

Les accidents routiers au travail

Une revue de littérature
Dans le monde industrialisé, les accidents de la route comptent pour une part très importante, sinon la plus importante, des décès accidentels survenus au travail. Plusieurs catégories de travailleurs conduisent dans le cadre de leur travail et le fait de circuler sur la route place ces travailleurs dans une situation à risque. Malgré ce constat, relativement peu d'études sont réalisées sur ce sujet afin de connaître les caractéristiques et les facteurs de risque des accidents routiers au travail.
Ce rapport est une revue de la littérature scientifique qui constitue le premier volet d'une étude sur les accidents routiers au travail au Québec subventionnée par l'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST).

Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/-publication-irsst-les-accidents-routiers-au-travail-une-revue-de-litterature-r-791.html?utm_source=SendBlaster&utm_medium=email&utm_term=infoirsst%2D2013%2D09%2Doct&utm_content=infoirsst%2D2013%2D09%2Doct&utm_campaign=infoirsst%2D2013%2D09%2Doct

Evaluation of occupational injuries with lost days among opencast coal mine workers through logistic regression models

Despite precautions, mining remains the most hazardous occupation, and coal mining is one of the most dangerous industries for non-fatal occupational accidents. Accidents are complicated events with many factors that affect their formation, and statistical evaluation of accident records can produce valuable information that may prevent such accidents. In this study, a logistic regression analysis method was applied to non-fatal occupational injuries from 1996 to 2009 in an opencast coal mine for Western Lignite Corporation (WLC) of Turkish Coal Enterprises (TKI). The accident records were categorized as occupation, area, reason, age, part of body and lost days, and the SPSS package program was used for statistical analyses. Logistic regression analyses were used to predict the probability of accidents that resulted in greater or less than 3 lost workdays. It is found that the job group with the highest probability of exposure to accidents with greater than 3 lost workdays for non-fatal injuries was the maintenance personnel and workers. The employees were primarily exposed to accidents caused by a mining machine, and the lower and upper extremities have the highest probability of exposure to such risks. Finally, an equation for calculating the probability of exposure to accidents with greater or less than 3 lost workdays was derived. Then, the equation was used to determine the important accident risk factors.

Source : Seyhan Onder. Safety Science, Vol. 59, November 2013, p. 86-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2013.05.002.
(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925753513001094)

Follow-up and assessment of self reports of work-related illness in the Labour Force Survey - RR970

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) provides estimates of the scale and distribution of work-related ill health conditions across Great Britain. Given its reliance on the self-reporting of these conditions it is of interest to get a better understanding of the nature of the relationship between work and the illness, the characteristics of respondents, details of the conditions reported and the effect they have on individuals’ lives. The Work- Related Illness Survey was a multiple stage project designed to acquire this further detail. A sample of respondents reporting an illness in the 2010 LFS were re-interviewed and asked for further details about their illness and its connection to work. With their permission, their doctor was also contacted and asked for further information and a view of the link between the illness and work. An expert panel was convened to review all of this information and make an assessment of the nature of the link between work and the illness. Statistical analysis of all the data collected was conducted in order to provide a clearer understanding of the information yielded by the self-reporting of work-related illness, including the reliability of the assessment of workrelatedness and the impact of the conditions on those affected.

Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr970.htm

Prevalence and work-relatedness of carpal tunnel syndrome in the working population, United States, 2010 National Health Interview Survey

Background Patterns of prevalence and work-relatedness of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) among workers offer clues about risk factors and targets for prevention. Methods Data from an occupational health supplement to the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate the prevalence of self-reported clinician-diagnosed CTS overall and by demographic characteristics. The proportion of these cases self-reported to have been attributed to work by clinicians was also examined overall and by demographic characteristics. In addition, the distribution of industry and occupation (I&O) categories to which work-related cases of CTS were attributed was compared to the distribution of I&O categories of employment among current/recent workers. Results Data were available for 27,157 adults, including 17,524 current/recent workers. The overall lifetime prevalence of clinician-diagnosed CTS among current/recent workers was 6.7%. The 12-month prevalence was 3.1%, representing approximately 4.8 million workers with current CTS; 67.1% of these cases were attributed to work by clinicians, with overrepresentation of certain I&O categories. Conclusions CTS affected almost 5 million U.S. workers in 2010, with prevalence varying by demographic characteristics and I&O."

Source : Luckhaupt, Sara E. ;  Dahlhamer, James M. ;  Ward, Brian W. ;  Sweeney, Marie H. ;  Sestito, John P. ;  Calvert, Geoffrey M. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2013, p. 615-624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22048

 

Diseases attributable to asbestos exposure: Years of potential life lost, United States, 1999–2010

Background Although asbestos use has been restricted in recent decades, asbestos-associated deaths continue to occur in the United States. Objectives We evaluated premature mortality and loss of potentially productive years of life attributable to asbestos-associated diseases. Methods Using 1999–2010 National Center for Health Statistics mortality data, we identified decedents aged ≥25 years whose death certificate listed asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma as the underlying cause of death. We computed years of potential life lost to life expectancy (YPLL) and to age 65 (YPLL65). Results During 1999–2010, a total of 427,005 YPLL and 55,184 YPLL65 were attributed to asbestosis (56,907 YPLL and 2,167 YPLL65), malignant mesothelioma (370,098 YPPL and 53,017 YPLL65). Overall and disease-specific asbestos-attributable total YPLL and YPLL65 and median YPLL and YPLL65 per decedent did not change significantly from 1999 to 2010. Conclusions The continuing occurrence of asbestos-associated diseases and their substantial premature mortality burden underscore the need for maintaining prevention efforts and for ongoing surveillance to monitor temporal trends in these diseases. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Source : Bang, K. M., Mazurek, J. M., Wood, J. M. and Hendricks, S. A. (2013),  Am. J. Ind. Med. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22261

Occupational fatality risks in the United States and the United Kingdom

Background There are very few careful studies of differences in occupational fatality rates across countries, much less studies that try to account for those differences. Methods We compare the rate of work injury fatalities (excluding deaths due to highway motor vehicle crashes and those due to violence) identified by the US Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries in recent years with the number reported to the Health and Safety Executive in the United Kingdom (UK) and by other European Union (EU) members through Eurostat. Results In 2010, the fatality rate in the UK was about 1/3 the rate in the US. In construction the rate was about ¼ the US rate, a difference that had grown substantially since the 1990s. Several other EU members had rates almost as low as the UK rate. Across EU countries, lower rates were associated with high-level management attention to safety issues and to in-house preparation of “risk assessments.” Conclusions Although work fatality rates have declined in the US, fatality rates are much lower and have declined faster in recent years in the UK. Efforts to find out the reasons for the much better UK outcomes could be productive. Am. J. Ind. Med. 9999:1–11, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Source : Mendeloff, J. and Staetsky, L. (2013), Am. J. Ind. Med. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22258

 

2013 - Les risques professionnels en entreprise : l’apport de l’enquête Sumer 2010

La caractéristique principale de l'enquête Sumer est que les enquêteurs sont des médecins du travail volontaires. En 2010, 2400 d'entre eux ont enquêté 50 000 salariés au cours de leur visite médicale professionnelle. Les thèmes abordés ont concerné notamment les principales évolutions enregistrées depuis 1994, les comparaisons entre grands secteurs du public et du privé, la pénibilité physique, les risques organisationnels et psychosociaux, les agents cancérogènes, le droit de retrait en cas de danger, les politiques de prévention…

Source : http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/etudes-recherches-statistiques-de,76/etudes-et-recherches,77/manifestations-et-colloques-de-la,99/manifestations-et-colloques-passes,688/2013-les-risques-professionnels-en,16494

Occupation and Head and Neck Cancer Risk in Men: Results From the ICARE Study, a French Population-Based Case–Control Study

Objective: To investigate the associations between occupations and head and neck (HN) cancer risk in men. Methods: ICARE is a French population-based case–control study on HN cancer. Analyses included 1833 cases and 2747 controls. Complete occupational history was collected. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated for occupations and industries ever held and according to duration of employment. Results: Elevated ORs, increasing with duration of employment, were observed for several occupations, including cleaners (OR = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 2.8), launderers (OR = 6.8; CI, 1.3 to 34.4), firefighters (OR = 3.9; CI, 1.4 to 11.2), several agricultural occupations, welders (OR = 1.9; CI, 1.3 to 2.8), structural metal preparers and erectors (OR = 2.1; CI, 1.2 to 3.7), rubber workers (OR = 2.0; CI, 1.0 to 3.9), several construction occupations, and material-handling equipment operators (OR = 1.8; CI, 1.1 to 2.9). Analyses by industry corroborated these findings. Conclusions: These results confirmed the role of occupational exposures in HN cancer.

Source : Paget-Bailly, S.; Guida, F.; Carton, M.; Menvielle, G.; Radoï, L.; Cyr, D.; Schmaus, A.; Cénée, S.; Papadopoulos, A.; Févotte, J.; Pilorget, C.; Velten, M. ; Guizard, A.-V.; Stücker, I.; Luce, D. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, September 2013, Vol. 55, no 9, p. 1065–1073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e318298fae4

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