2012-06-01 12:00 - Messages

Descriptive Epidemiology of Serious Work-Related Injuries in British Columbia, Canada

Objective : This study examined the rates and distribution of serious work-related injuries by demographic, work and injury characteristics in British Columbia, Canada from 2002–2008, using population-based data.
Methods : Claims for workers with a serious injury were extracted from workers' compensation data. Serious injuries were defined by long duration, high cost, serious medical diagnosis, or fatality. Workforce estimates were used to calculate stratum-specific rates. Rate-ratios (RR) and 95% CIs were calculated using negative binomial regression for the comparison of rates, adjusting for gender, age and occupation.
Results : Women had a lower overall serious injury rate compared to men (RR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.87–0.99). The 35–44 age group had the highest overall rate compared to the youngest age group. The rate for severe strains/sprains was similarly high for men and women in the 35–44 age group, although there was a differential pattern by gender for other injury types: the rate of fracture was similar across age groups for men, but increased with age for women (RR: 2.7, 95% CI: 2.2–3.3); and the rate of severe falls increased with age for men and women, with a larger three-fold increase for older women (men: RR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.7–2.1; women: RR: 3.2, 95% CI: 2.7–3.7).
Conclusions : The risk of serious injuries is higher among specific age groups with different patterns emerging for men and women. Variations persisted within similar injury types and occupation groups in our adjusted models. These results provide evidence for the burden of serious injuries and a basis for future analytic research. Given projected demographic shifts and increasing workforce participation of older workers, intervention programs should be carefully implemented with consideration to demographic groups at risk for serious injuries in the workplace.

Source : Fan J, McLeod CB, Koehoorn M (2012) PLoS ONE 7(6).

National Survey of the Mining Population

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted the first comprehensive survey of the U.S. mining population in more than 20 years. The National Survey of the Mining Population captured the current profile of the U.S. mining workforce. Data collection began in March 2008 and continued through August 2008. Randomly selected mining operations in all of the major mining sectors (i.e., coal, metal, nonmetal, stone, and sand and gravel) received the survey and had the option of completing a paper or web-based questionnaire. A total of 737 mining operations returned completed questionnaires and reported data for 9,008 employees. Two sets of data were collected in this national survey. There were questions about the mining operation, including employee training, work schedules, the use of independent contractor employees, and mine communication and safety systems. The employee questions included demographic and occupational questions about individual employees. The survey sample data were weighted in order to provide national estimates of mine and employee characteristics. This Information Circular (IC) is published in two parts--"Part I: Employees" presents the employee-level data and "Part II: Mines" presents the mine-level data. Both parts of this IC include an overview of the survey background, development of the survey materials, sample design and sample selection, data collection and processing, statistical weighting, and lessons learned. The survey data are summarized for the overall U.S. mining industry and the five major mining sectors. The information gathered from the survey respondents is being published only as summarized data so that no single mining operation or employee can be identified.

Part I: Employees : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/pubs/pubreference/outputid3709.htm

Part II: Mines : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/pubs/pubreference/outputid3710.htm

The burden of occupational cancer in Great Britain

Overview report
The aim of this project was to produce an updated estimate of the current burden of cancer for Great Britain resulting from occupational exposure to carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. The primary measure of the burden of cancer was the attributable fraction (AF) being the proportion of cases that would not have occurred in the absence of exposure; and the AF was used to estimate the number of attributable deaths and registrations. The study involved obtaining data on the risk of the cancer due to the exposure of interest, taking into account confounding factors and overlapping exposures, as well as the proportion of the target population exposed over the relevant exposure period. Only carcinogenic agents, or exposure circumstances, classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as definite (Group 1) or probable (Group 2A) human carcinogens were considered. Here, we present estimates for cancer of the ovary that have been derived using incidence data for calendar year 2004, and mortality data for calendar year 2005.

Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr931.htm

Epidemiology of occupational accidents among Iranian insured workers

Work-related accidents are considered as a major health problem worldwide. The aim of present study was to determine the epidemiological pattern of occupational accidents among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization (ISSO) between 2001 and 2005.
Subjects consisted of all workers and drivers who had a work-related accident during 2001-2005 and were registered in the Iranian Social Security Organization (ISSO) database according to the inspection reports. An ordinal logistic regression model (proportional odds regression model) was used to assess the concurrent effects of independent variables on accident outcomes.
Overall, 86,437 work-related accidents were investigated. The accidents were more frequent in metal workplaces and electrical industries, respectively. More than half of the accidents were due to incautious activities. Workers' age (age at the time of accident) (OR = 0.99, CI: 0.989-0.994), gender (OR = 1.3, CI: 1.191-1.683), marital status (OR = 1.25, CI: 1.143-1.675) as well as accident setting (OR = 1.88, CI: 1.728-1.975) had significant effect on accident outcomes. Pattern of occupational injuries in Iran was consistent with the global pattern for accident outcomes.

Source : Bakhtiyari M, Delpisheh A, Riahi SM, Latifi A, Zayeri F, Salehi M, Soori H. Safety Sci. 2012; 50(7): 1480-1484.

Point statistique AT/MP Irlande

 Données 2004-2010

Source : http://www.eurogip.fr/fr/docs/Eurogip_Point_stat_Irl0410_72FR.pdf

Statistical review of occupational injuries – Germany 2009-2010 data

This document sets out a descriptive synthesis of the main available statistical data about accidents at work, commuting accidents and occupational diseases in Germany. It comes from the use by EUROGIP of various national publications. The data have been translated and presented according to Eurogip´s knowledge of the analysed insurance system and have not been reprocessed.

Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/statistical-review-of-occupational-injuries-2013-germany-2009-2010-data

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents


Mots-Clés (Tags)