2012-05-01 12:00 - Messages

Safe Work Australia - Notified Fatalities Statistical Report 2010-11

The 2010–11 Notified Fatality Statistical Report presents a national summary of work-related traumatic fatalities that were notifiable to Australian work health and safety jurisdictions. Besides providing the number of work-related fatalities in 2010–11, the report provides time-series comparison back to 2003–04. The report presents detailed analysis of the notifications on the basis of jurisdiction, industry, occupation, mechanism of fatality, and age.
In summary, in 2010–11 there were 138 notified work-related fatalities: comprising 120 workers and 18 bystanders. Most of the fatalities were of men — 124 in total. There were 14 fatalities of women (including 8 bystanders). Five industries accounted for eight out of every ten notified work-related fatalities — 36 fatalities occurred at Agriculture, forestry & fishing workplaces; 30 at Construction workplaces; 22 at Manufacturing workplaces; 14 at Transport & storage workplaces; and 9 at Mining workplaces.
The three most common causes of fatality were being hit by falling objects (26 fatalities), vehicle incidents (23 fatalities), and falls from a height (19 fatalities).

Source : http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/News/Pages/TN070512.aspx

Conditions de travail

Bilan 2011
Le Conseil d'orientation des conditions de travail (COCT) a examiné le 15 mai 2012 le bilan 2011 des conditions de travail. Présentant le système français de prévention, il revient sur les principaux volets de la politique conduite en 2011 en matière de santé et sécurité au travail : réforme de la médecine du travail, pénibilité, risque chimique, risque routier, milieu hyperbare et marché des machines.

Source : http://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-bilan-coct-3240512.php

Death on the Job Report

Since Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act in 1970, workplace safety and health conditions have improved. But too many workers remain at serious risk of injury, illness or death.
In 2010, according to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 4,690 workers were killed on the job—an average of 13 workers every day—and an estimated 50,000 died from occupational diseases. Workers suffer an additional 7.6 million to 11.4 million job injuries and illnesses each year. The cost of job injuries and illnesses is enormous—estimated at $250 billion to $300 billion a year.
The risk of job fatalities and injuries varies widely from state to state—from 13.1 fatalities per 100,000 workers in West Virginia to 0.9 fatalities per 100,000 in New Hampshire. Latino workers continue to be at increased risk of job fatalities, with a fatality rate of 3.9 per 100,000 workers in 2010.
This year's edition of "Death on the Job" details not only the data about workplace death, injuries and illnesses, but also the reasons behind them and what must be done to save lives.

Source : http://www.aflcio.org/Issues/Job-Safety/Death-on-the-Job-Report

Sickness absence in the UK labour market

In 2011, around 131 million days were lost through absences due to sickness or injury, a fall of around 26 per cent since 1993 where 178 million days were lost (these figures include employees and self-employed, aged 16+, across the whole of the UK). 

Source : http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/lmac/sickness-absence-in-the-labour-market/2012/rpt-sickness-absence-in-the-labour-market---2012.html#tab-Sickness-absence-in-the-UK-labour-market

A new estimate of the impact of OSHA inspections on manufacturing injury rates, 1998–2005

Background : A prior study indicated that the effect of OSHA inspections on lost workday injuries had declined from 1979 through 1998. This study provides an updated estimate for 1998–2005.
Methods : Injury data from the Pennsylvania workers' compensation program were linked with employment data from unemployment compensation records to calculate lost-time rates for single-establishment manufacturing firms with more than 10 employees. These rates were linked to OSHA inspection findings. The RAND Human Subjects Protection Committee determined that this study was exempt from review
Results : Inspections with penalties reduced injuries by an average of 19–24% annually in the 2 years following the inspection. These effects were not found for workplaces with fewer than 20 or more than 250 employees or for inspections without penalties.
Conclusions : These findings should be generalizable to the 29 states where federal OSHA directly enforces standards. They suggest that the impact of inspections has increased from the 1990s.

Source : Haviland AM, Burns RM, Gray WB, Ruder T, Mendeloff J. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22062

States with low non-fatal injury rates have high fatality rates and vice-versa

Background : State-level injury rates or fatality rates are sometimes used in studies of the impact of various safety programs or other state policies. How much does the metric used affect the view of relative occupational risks among U.S. states? This paper uses a measure of severe injuries (fatalities) and of less severe injuries (non-fatal injuries with days away from work, restricted work, or job transfer–DART) to examine that issue.
Methods : We looked at the correlation between the average DART injury rate (from the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses) and an adjusted average fatality rate (from the BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries) in the construction sector for states for 2003–2005 and for 2006–2008. The RAND Human Subjects Protection Committee determined that this study was exempt from review.
Results : The correlations between the fatal and non-fatal injury rates were between −0.30 and −0.70 for all construction and for the subsector of special trade contractors. The negative correlation was much smaller between the rate of fatal falls from heights and the rate of non-fatal falls from heights. Adjusting for differences in the industry composition of the construction sector across states had minor effects on these results.
Conclusion : Although some have suggested that fatal and non-fatal injury rates should not necessarily be positively correlated, no one has suggested that the correlation is negative, which is what we find. We know that reported non-fatal rates are influenced by workers' compensation benefits and other factors. Fatality rates appear to be a more valid measure of risk. Efforts to explain the variations that we find should be undertaken.

Source : John Mendeloff PhD, Rachel Burns MPH. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2012
ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22047

A descriptive analysis of work-related fatal injury in older workers in Australia 2000-2009

The objective of this study is to describe the extent, nature, age distribution and external causes of older-worker fatalities and to provide baseline data for future studies. The methods included retrospective descriptive cohort study using existing population-based mortality data. The study examined work-related fatalities aged 55 years and older, 2000-2009, in Australia following coronial investigation. Of the 336 fatalities identified, almost all (96.3%) were male. The industry with most deaths was agriculture, forestry and fishing (37.8%), followed by transport, postal and warehousing (19.3%) and construction (16.6%). The most frequent injury mechanism was transport-related (40.4%). With predicted workforce ageing, older-worker deaths will become a significant public health issue. Employers and authorities will need to understand older-workers characteristics and vulnerabilities to enable appropriate injury prevention strategy implementation.

Source : Jones C, Routley V, Trytell G, Ibrahim J, Ozanne-Smith J. Int. J. Inj. Control Safe. Promot. 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17457300.2012.679001

On the recurrence of occupational injuries and workers' compensation claims

This paper represents the first study to estimate counts of individual occupational injuries and claims over long spells of working life (up to 13 years) in the USA. It explores data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. I found that 37% of all surveyed workers who had experienced one on-the-job accident reported at least one additional injury, but only 56% of all occupational injuries and illnesses resulted in workers' compensation claims. I estimated different count models to assess the effect of different individual worker and job characteristics on individual injury counts and workers' compensation claims counts. Lower educational levels, less tenure, work in dangerous industries and unskilled occupations, and job demands are found to be important determinants of multiple on-the-job injuries. The most interesting results, however, refer to the role played by individuals' pre-injury characteristics: early exposure to dangerous jobs is among the main determinants of higher counts of occupational injuries later in life. Early health limitations are also significant predictors of recurrent workers' compensation claims. These results provide new evidence about the important role played by both the health and the socioeconomic status of young people as determinants of their future occupational injuries.

Source : Galizzi M. Health Econ. 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hec.2829

Comparison of data sources for the surveillance of work injury

Objective : The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of work-related injury and illness presenting to Ontario emergency departments to the incidence of worker's compensation claims reported to the Ontario Workplace Safety & Insurance Board over the period 2004-2008.Methods : Records of work-related injury were obtained from two administrative data sources in Ontario for the period 2004-2008: workers' compensation lost-time claims (N=435 336) and records of non-scheduled emergency department visits where the main problem was attributed to a work-related exposure (N=707 963). Denominator information required to compute the risk of work injury per 2 000 000 work hours, stratified by age and gender was estimated from labour force surveys conducted by Statistics Canada.Results : The frequency of emergency department visits for all work-related conditions was approximately 60% greater than the incidence of accepted lost-time compensation claims. When restricted to injuries resulting in fracture or concussion, gender-specific age differences in injury incidence were similar in the two data sources. Between 2004 and 2008, there was a 14.5% reduction in emergency department visits attributed to work-related causes and a 17.8% reduction in lost-time compensation claims. There was evidence that younger workers were more likely than older workers to seek treatment in an emergency department for work-related injury.Conclusions : In this setting, emergency department records available for the complete population of Ontario residents are a valid source of surveillance information on the incidence of work-related disorders. Occupational health and safety authorities should give priority to incorporating emergency department records in the routine surveillance of the health of workers.

Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/biblio/comparison-of-data-sources-for-the-surveillance-of-work-injury
 

Occupational Health and Safety Surveillance and Research Using Workers' Compensation Data

OBJECTIVE: Examine uses of US workers' compensation (WC) data for occupational safety and health purposes. METHODS:: This article is a summary of the proceedings from an invitational workshop held in September 2009 to discuss the use of WC data for occupational safety and health prevention purposes. RESULTS: Workers' compensation data systems, although limited in many ways, contain information such as medical treatments, their costs and outcomes, and disability causes that are unavailable from national occupational surveillance sources. CONCLUSIONS: Despite their limitations, WC records are collected in a manner consistent with many occupational health and safety surveillance needs. Reports are available on the use of WC data for surveillance and research purposes such as estimating the frequency, magnitude, severity, and cost of compensated injuries. Inconsistencies in WC data can limit generalization of research results.

Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/biblio/occupational-health-and-safety-surveillance-and-research-using-workers-compensation-data
 

Short Sleep Duration Among Workers

United States, 2010
Insufficient sleep can have serious and sometimes fatal consequences for fatigued workers and others around them (1–3). For example, an estimated 20% of vehicle crashes are linked to drowsy driving (3). The National Sleep Foundation recommends that healthy adults sleep 7–9 hours per day. To assess the prevalence of short sleep duration among workers, CDC analyzed data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The analysis compared sleep duration by age group, race/ethnicity, sex, marital status, education, and employment characteristics. Overall, 30.0% of civilian employed U.S. adults (approximately 40.6 million workers) reported an average sleep duration of ≤6 hours per day. The prevalence of short sleep duration (≤6 hours per day) varied by industry of employment (range: 24.1%–41.6%), with a significantly higher rate of short sleep duration among workers in manufacturing (34.1%) compared with all workers combined. Among all workers, those who usually worked the night shift had a much higher prevalence of short sleep duration (44.0%, representing approximately 2.2 million night shift workers) than those who worked the day shift (28.8%, representing approximately 28.3 million day shift workers). An especially high prevalence of short sleep duration was reported by night shift workers in the transportation and warehousing (69.7%) and health-care and social assistance (52.3%) industries. Targeted interventions, such as evidence-based shift system designs that improve sleep opportunities and evidence-based training programs on sleep and working hours tailored for managers and employees (4), should be implemented to protect the health and safety of workers, their coworkers, and the public.

Source : http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6116a2.htm?s_cid=mm6116a2_w

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